Sugar ActIndirect tax (out of sight = out of mind)
Duties on molasses and sugar
Stamp ActTax on all paper products
Official stamp/seal on all paper items (proof tax was paid)
Purchased only with valuable silver coins
If didn’t purchase= fined or jailed
-(in your face tax)
Repealing Stamp ActBoycott
Parliament agrees to repeal (get rid of) the Stamp Act
Declaratory ActParliament declares it has power to make laws for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever". Parliament passes this to save face.
Townshend ActTaxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
Searched for smuggled goods
Boston Massacresoldier strikes colonist
Crowd gathers and hassles soldier, throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
Fire if you dare!
Tea ActPassed in 1773 and allowed British east India company BEIC to sell tea directly to colonists
Lower prices than colonist merchant prices
Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
Less smuggling= more tax money
Boston Tea PartyMembers of Sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor.
Intolerable ActsPassed to punish Boston for the Tea Party
Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for
Massachusetts Charter canceled
Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
If a soldier comes knocking at the door you’re sleeping on the floor
General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
First Continental Congress meetAll colonies but Georgia have representatives
- Voted to send a " statement of grievances"
-Voted to Boycott all British Trade
-Patrick Henry- VA rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain
1,000 of Redcoats in BostonGeneral Gage bring thousands of British soldiers to Boston and more on the way
Midnight ride of Paul ReverePaul Revere rides to warn the Son of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that the "British are coming... the British are coming.."
Battles of Lexington & ConcordBattle of Lexington- 1st battle of American Revolutionary war - "shot heard round the world" -Ralph Waldo Emerson- BRITISH Victory
Battle of Concord- Americans stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
Capture of Fort TiconderogaBenedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort.
Get all supplies in the fort including cannons.
The second Continental Congress meetPrint $$$$
set up post office
Created Continental Army led by George Washington
Sent Olive Branch asking King to protect their rights
-King hires 30,000 Hessians soldiers in response
Battle of Bunker HillFought on Breed's Hill.
"Don't Fire until you see the whites of their eyes" -William Prescott.
BRITISH Victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy.
Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental troopsRealizes men are disorganized & need discipline
"Common Sense" published by Thomas PainePamphlet more colonists to become patriots
"Every things that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain. the weeping voice of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO PART" - Thomas Paine, Common sense
British Surrender BostonWashington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive
Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
BRITISH retreat - AMERICAN Victory
Second Continental Congress meet againDebate on declaring independence
Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
Second Continental Congress votes for IndependenceAll 13 colonies vote YES on declaring independence
The Declaration of Independence is signed