Road to Revolution

  • 177

    Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental

    Washington arrives on outskirts of Boston with Continental
    • Realizes men are disorganized and need discipline
    • Need Weapons
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    • Indirect tax (out of sight = out of mind)
    • Duties on molasses and sugar
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    • Tax on all paper products
    • Official stamp/seal on all paper items (Proof tax was paid)
    • Legal documents
    • Licenses
    • Newspapers
    • Pamphlets
    • Playing cards
    • Purchased only with valuable silver coins
    • If didnt purchase = fined or jailed
    • Protested stamp act, Feeling rights were violated
      Direct Tax
      • (In your face)
  • Quartering Acts

    Quartering Acts
    • Quartering Act required colonists to house soldiers
      • “If a soldier comes knocking at the door…. you’re sleeping on the floor”
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    • Parliament declares it has powers to make laws for the colonies “in all cases whatsoever”
    • Parliament passes this to save face
    • Declaratory Act, 1766
      “Parliament had the right to rule and tax the colonies.”
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    • Taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea
    • Searched for smuggled goods
    • Sons on Liberty start to do violent acts -British Soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors
  • Boston Masasre

    Boston Masasre
    • Crowd gathers and hassles soldier, throwing snowballs and shouting insults.
    • More troops arrive, colonists get more and more angry
    • “Fire if you dare!”
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    • Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists
    • Lower Prices than colonist merchant prices
    • Tax Tea cheaper than smuggled tea
    • Less smuggling = more tax money
    • Colonial merchants feared BEIC would put them out of business
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    • Members of Sons of Liberty Dump over 340 chests of tea into Boston Harbor
    • “Boston harbor is a teapot tonight!”
    • Caused problems for loyalists /Tories
      -Loyalist/Tory = a person in the
      Colony who remains “loyal” to the King & Great Britain
  • Intolerable Acts

    Intolerable Acts
    • Passed to punish Boston for Tea Party
    • Boston Harbor Closed until tea paid for
    • Massachusetts Charter cancelled
    • Royal officials had trial in Britain
    • Large amount of land given to Quebec
    • General Thomas Gage became new governor of MA
  • First Continental Congress meet

    First Continental Congress meet
    • All colonies but Georgia have representative -voted to send a "statement of grievances" -Voted to Boycott all British Trade -Patrick Henry -- VA. urged colonists to unite against Britain.
  • Midnight ride of Paul Revere

    Midnight ride of Paul Revere
    Paul Revere rides to warn the SOns of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that “The British are coming… The British are coming”
  • Battles of Lexington & Concord

    Battles of Lexington & Concord
    Battle of Lexington-
    1st battle of American Revolutionary War
    “Shot heard round the world” -Ralph Waldo Emerson
    BRITISH VICTORY Battle of concord-
    Americans Stop British and force them to retreat back to Boston
  • Capture of Fort Ticonderoga

    Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
    Benedict Arnold & Ethan Alen Capture the fort
    Get all supplies in the fort including cannons
    AMERICAN victory
  • Second Continental Congress meet

    Second Continental Congress meet
    • Print $$$
      • Set up Post office
    • Created a Continental Army led by George Washington
      • Sent Olive Branch asking the King to protect their rights. -King hires 30,000 Hessian Soldiers in response.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    • Fought on Breed’s Hill
    • “Don’t Fire until you see the whites on their eyes” - William Prescott
    • BRITISH Victory (Amerians ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy.
  • “Common Sense” Published by Thomas Paine

    “Common Sense” Published by Thomas Paine
    • Pamphlet inspires more colonists to become patriots
    • “Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature of cries, “TIS TIME TO PART” -Thomas Paine, Common Sense
  • British Surrender Boston

    British Surrender Boston
    • Washington Belives his Army is ready & weapons arrive
    • Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
    • BRITISH retreat -- AMERICAN Vicotry
  • Second Continental Congress meet again

    Second Continental Congress meet again
    -Debate on declaring independence
    -Thamas Jefferson is the primary author of the document
  • Second Continental Congress votes for Independence

    Second Continental Congress votes for Independence
  • The declaration of independence is signed!!

    The declaration of independence is signed!!