- When people started to promote and follow self sufficiency and lead by themselves showing navigation.
- Restricted Colonial trade to England
- This happening was making a decrease in foreign imported things/goods
The Sugar ActAn indirect tax on sugar and Molasses that the colonists had to pay, in order to repay for the French and Indian war.
The Stamp ActTax on all paper items
- Taxes on glass,lead,paint, paper and tea
- Searched for smuggled goods
- Sons of Liberty start to do violent acts
- British soldiers arrive to protect tax collectors
- Passed in 1773 and allowed British East India Company (BEIC) to sell tea directly to colonists
- Lower prices than colonists merchant prices
- Tax tea cheaper than smuggled tea
- Less smuggling = More tax money
- Colonial Merchants feared by BEIC would put them out of business
Boston Tea Party
- Members of Sons of Liberty dump over 340 chests f tea into the Boston Harbor
- "Boston Harbor is a teapot tonight!"
- Caused problems for loyalists/Tories
- Loyalists/ Tory = A person in the colony who remains "Loyal" to the king & Great Britain
- "When a soldier knocks on your door...you're sleeping on the floor"
- Soldiers would raid you of your own home and ell you where you need to go as if they lived there themselves
- Passed to punish Boston for the Tea Party
- Boston Harbor closed until tea paid for
- Massachusetts charter cancelled
- Royal officials had a trial in Britain
- Quartering act required colonists to house soldiers
- "If a soldier comes knocking at the door..you're sleeping on the floor"
- A large amount of land given to Quebec
- General Thomas Gage became the new Governor of MA
Continental Congress Meets
- All colonies but Georgia have representatives
- Voted to send a "Statement of grievances"
- Voted to Boycott all British Trade
- Patrick Henry - VA Rep. urged colonists to unite against Britain.
1000's of Redcoats in BostonGeneral Gage brings thousands of British soldiers to Boston with more on the way
Midnight ride of Paul ReverePaul Revere rides to warn the Sons of Liberty in Lexington and Concord that "The British are coming...The British are coming !"
Battles of Lexington & Concord
- 1st battle of American Revolutionary War
- "Shot heard round the world" - Ralph Waldo Emerson
- BRITISH victory BATTLE OF CONCORD
- Americans stop the British and force them to retreat back to Boston.
Second Continental Congress Meet
- Printed $$$
- Set up post office
- Created Continental Army led by George Washington
- Sent Olive Branch asking the King to protect their rights
- King hires 30,000 Hessian Soldiers in response
Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
- Benedict Arnold & Ethan Allen capture the fort
- Get all the supplies in the fort including cannons
- AMERICAN victory
Battle of Bunker Hill
- Fought on Breed's Hill
- "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes". - William Prescott
- BRITISH victory (Americans ran out of ammunition) British learn defeating Americans would NOT be easy
Washington arrives on the outskirts of Boston with Continental troops
- Realizes men are disorganized & need discipline
- Needs weapons
"Common sense" published by Thomas Paine
- Pamphlet inspires more colonists to become Patriots
- "Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation, the blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO PART" - Thomas Paine, common sense
British surrender Boston
- Washington believes his army is ready & weapons arrive
- Washington puts cannons on Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston
- BRITISH retreat - AMERICAN victory
Second Continental Congress meet again
- Debate on declaring independence
- Thomas Jefferson is the primary author of the document