Revolution Timeline Project - Gavin Connor

  • Navigation Acts

    Navigation Acts
    • Passed by Parliament during the years 1651 and 1660
    • Colonial trade was restricted to Britain
  • French and Indian War ends

    French and Indian War ends
    • Britain defeated the French and the Native Americans, but gained debt
    • Began to tax the colonies to repay what was spent on the war
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    • Created a tax for every page of printed paper in the colonies
    • The colonists were upset that their right to not be taxed without consent was being violated
    • “No taxation without representation!”
  • The Boston Massacre

    The Boston Massacre
    • A group of patriots fought with a group of British soldiers, resulting in the death of five colonists
    • Created higher tensions between the colonists and Britain
  • Tea Act

    Tea Act
    • Because of this act, the British East India Company gained a monopoly on tea in the colonies
    • The colonists were not happy about the monopoly, causing the Boston Tea Party
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    • In protest of the Tea Act and unfair taxation, colonists threw 342 chests of imported tea into the harbor.
    • One of the first impactful acts of defiance against Britain
  • Coercive/Intolerable Acts

    Coercive/Intolerable Acts
    • Included the Boston Port Act (March 31, 1774), the Administration of Justice Act (May 20, 1774), the Massachusetts Government Act (May 20, 1774), and the Quartering Act (June 2, 1774)
    • Colonists considered these acts unfair and a violation of their rights, especially the quartering act, which allowed British soldiers to legally live in your house
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    • Delegates from 12 of the colonies came together to discuss the future of the colonies with their tensions with Britain
    • Georgia was not represented
    • Ended October 26, 1774
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    • A decisive turning point for the colonists, their victory stopped Britain’s attempts at controlling the Hudson River
    • Resulted in France signing an official alliance treaty with the colonists
    • Ended October 7, 1777
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    • The first battles of the Revolutionary War
    • Tensions between the colonies and Britain finally exploded into war
    • The Second Continental Congress met after Lexington and Concord to prepare for the revolution
  • Period: to

    The Revolutionary War

    • The war officially ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    • Representatives from the 13 colonies met to create a new government and prepare for the revolution
    • Created Continental Army led by George Washington
    • The Olive Branch Petition was sent to King George III during this congress to hopefully reach a peaceful conclusion, although it failed
    • Adopted the Declaration of Independence
    • Ended March 1, 1781
  • Declaration of Independence adopted

    Declaration of Independence adopted
    • Thomas Jefferson was the main author of the Declaration of Independence
    • Influenced by the thinkers of the Enlightenment
    • Created a government of the people
    • Signed on July 4, 1776
  • Winter at Valley Forge

    Winter at Valley Forge
    • Led by George Washington, the Continental Army combatted disease, hunger, and cold while surviving the winter of 1777-78
    • Washington held the Continental Army together with his courage and patience
    • “The birthplace of the American Army”
    • Ended Jun 19, 1778
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    • With the support of the French, the British army surrendered to George Washington on October 19, 1781
    • The United States had won the war
    • The war officially ended when the Treaty of Paris was signed on September 3, 1783
  • U.S. Constitution Written

    U.S. Constitution Written
    • George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin met during the summer of 1787 to write the Constitution
  • U.S. Constitution Adopted

    U.S. Constitution Adopted
    • Signed by 39 of the 55 present delegates
    • Created a federal republic and set up checks and balances
    • The Bill of Rights put limits on the government to ensure the rights of its citizens
    • Created a freedom-based, functioning government for the new country