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  • the Wade-Davis Bill

    the Wade-Davis Bill
    The billis an alternative plan to Lincoln's Plan. It required the majority of the adult white males in a former confederate state to take an oath of allegiance to the Union.
  • Freedmen's Bureau

    Freedmen's Bureau
    the Freedmen's Bureau refers to Congress's establishment of the Bureau of Refugees, Freemen, and Abandon Lands. The Bureau was given the task of feeding and clothing war refugees in the south using army surplus supplies.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    started by former confederate soldiers in Pulaski, Tennessee, and grew rapidly thoughout the south. Its goal was to drive out carpetbaggers and intimidate African American voters so as to gain control of the south for the Democratic party.
  • Radical Republicans Take control of congress

    Radical Republicans Take control of congress
    Johnson vetoed 21 bills passed by Congress during his term, but the Radicals overrode 15 of them, including the Reconstruction Acts and Force Acts
  • President Grant Elected

    President Grant Elected
    Grant's reputation carried him into the whitehouse in 1868. he had little political experience, and beleived the presidents role was to carry out the laws and leave the development of policy to congress.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    This amendment granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the US and declared that no state could dprive any person of life, liberty, or property "without due process of law."
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Declared that the right to vote shall not be denied on acount of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • South accepts Reconstruction plan

    South accepts Reconstruction plan
    By late 1870, all the former Confederate states had rejoined the Union under the congressional Reconstruction plan. Under the Republican-controlled congress, the south began to rebuild.
  • Reconstruction Plan for schools

    Reconstruction Plan for schools
    by 1870, reconstruction governments built a comprehensive public school system in the south. some 4,000 schools and 9,000 teachers taught 200,000 formerly enslaved people of all ages.
  • Ku Klux Klan Act

    Ku Klux Klan Act
    Congress passed three enforcement acts, one of which was the Ku Klux Klan act in 1871. The Ku Klux Klan act outlwed the activities of the Klan.
  • Panic of 1873

    A series of bad railroad investments forced a powerful banking firm into bankruptcy. Cozens of smaller banks closed, stock market plummeted, thousands of buisnesses shut down, and unemplyment soared.
  • Whiskey Ring

    A group of government officials and distillers in MO cheated the government out of millions of dollars by filling false tax reports. This scandal hurt Grant's administration's reputation.
  • Compromise of 1877

    An election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel Tilden was filled with so much election fraud that no one was sure who had won. after much debate, the acceptance of the commissions findings were voted for and the election was given to Hayes.
  • African American college

    African American college
    Spelman College, the first college for african american women, and the tuskegee institute founded.
  • "New South"

    "New South"
    The south did not return to it's previous agricultural economy. instead, southern leaders baleived in creating a new strong industrial economy in the south. by 1980, almost 40,000 miles of railroad track criscrossed the south.