Programming languages

Programming languages

  • Plankalkul

    Plankalkul was created by Konrad Zuse between 1943 and 1945 but was not released until 1948. It was designed for engineering purposes. The name Plankalkül means "formal system for planning" because kalkül means formal system.

    Fortran was developed by the programmers Richard Goldberg, Sheldon F. Best, Harlan Herrick, Peter Sheridan, Roy Nutt, Robert Nelson, Irving Ziller, Lois Haibt, and David Sayre, in
    1953. This language was especially used for numeric and scientific computing. The name Fortran comes from the IBM mathematical FORmula TRANslating System.

    Math-Matic was created in 1957 by a team led by Charles Katz. It was used a compiler for UNIVAC I and UNIVAC II.
  • Lisp

    Lisp was created in 1958. John McCarthy Designed it but it was implimented by Steve Russell. It has been used as an Artificial Intelligence (AI) language. The name Lisp comes from LISt Processing because its source code is made up of lists.

    This language was designed by Grace Hopper and a comitte of private researchers. Its name is an acronym for COmmon Business-Oriented Language. It was primarily used in business, finance, and administrative systems for companies and governments. source:
  • RPG

    RPG is a high-level language used for buisness applications. It was created by IBM in 1959. The name stands for Report Program Generator .
  • Logo

    The name Logo comes from the greek word logos, which means word, because other languages were number based. It was developed in 1967 by Wally Feurzeig and Seymour Papert. It was used in artificial intelligence, mathematical logic and developmental psychology.
  • B

    The B language was developed in 1969 by Ken Thompson at Bell Labs. Its name comes from the language BCPL which had great influence in its development. source:
  • Pascal

    Pascal was designed in 1968-1969 by Niklaus Wirth. It is used as an influential imperative and procedural programming language. The name Pascal comes from the french Mathematician Blaise Pascal.
  • C

    C was developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 -1973 at AT&T Bell Labs. This language is used in system programming, implementing operating systems and embedded system applications. it is used because of its speed, stability and is universal availability.
  • ML

    ML was developed by Robin Milner at the University of Edinburgh. The name of this language ML stands for metalanguage. This language is used in bioinformatics, financial systems, and peer-to-peer client/server program it is also used in compilers, analyzers and theorem provers.
  • SQL

    SQL or structured query language is a language designed to manage data held in a relational database management system. It was developed at IBM by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce in the early 1970's.
  • C++

    At first this language was called C with Classes but was later changed to C++ as a pun involving the increment operator. It was created by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1979 at Bell Labs. It is used in systems software, application software, device drivers, embedded software, high-performance server and client applications, and video games. source:
  • ADA

    The Ada language was developed by a team lead by Jean Ichbiah, for the United States Department of Defence. It was developed in 1977-1983. The language was named after Ada Lovelace who is called the first computer progammer. This language was used in Government (Department of Defense) source:
    Banking systems, Commercial aviation, Communications systems, Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing.
  • Python

    Python was created by Guido van Rossum in the late 1980's. It is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. The name is derived from the TV show Monty Python's Flying Circus.
  • Java

    Java was develped by James Gosling,Mike Sheridan, and Patrick Naughton at Sun Microsystems. It was released in 1995. Java was originaly called oak because of an oak tree that stool outside their office, it was later changed to Java after java coffee which was drank by the developers. It was intended to be "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), which meant it could run on one platform and did not need to be recompiled to run on another.
  • Visual Basic

    Visual Basic was developed by Alan Cooper in 1991. It is a event-driven programming language. The name comes from BASIC or Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
  • Delphi

    This language was developed in 1995 by Borderland.It was named Delphi in reference to the Oracle at Delphi. The main purpose of this language was to be a a rapid application development tool for Windows. source:
  • PHP

    Php was developed by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994, designed for web development and general purpose programming. The name Php is a recursive acronym for hypertext preprocessor.
  • Javascript

    Javascript was developed by Brendan Eich at Netscape in 1995. Its name was originally Livescript but later changed to Javascript after netscape added java support in its web browser. it has been used for server-side programming, game development and the creation of desktop applications. source: