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Period 7 (Part 4)

  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    German forces bombard Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler wanted to regain lost territory and ultimately rule Poland. This started WWII
  • Sitzkrieg

    Phony War, a name for the early months of World War II, marked by no major hostilities.
  • Manhattan Project

    Manhattan Project
    research and development undertaking during World War II that produced the first nuclear weapons. It was led by the United States with the support of the United Kingdom and Canada.
  • France Fell to Germany

    France Fell to Germany
    German forces defeated Allied forces by mobile operations and conquered France.
  • America First Committee Launched

    America First Committee Launched
    Was the foremost United States non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II.
  • Congress Instituted the Draft

    Congress Instituted the Draft
    President Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act. The draft continued through war and peacetime until 1973. More than 10 million men entered military service through the Selective Service System during World War II alone.
  • Battle of Britian

    Battle of Britian
    The Royal Air Force defended the United Kingdom against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe. It has been described as the first major military campaign fought entirely by air forces.
  • Destroyers-for-Bases Deal

    Destroyers-for-Bases Deal
    Fifty Caldwell, Wickes, and Clemson class US Navy destroyers were transferred to the Royal Navy from the United States Navy in exchange for land rights on British possessions.
  • Lend-Lease

    Formally titled An Act to Promote the Defense of the United States, was an American program to defeat Germany, Japan and Italy by distributing food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945.
  • Four Freedoms

    Four Freedoms
    Speech that proposed four fundamental freedoms that people "everywhere in the world" ought to enjoy: Freedom of speech. Freedom of worship. Freedom from want. Freedom from fear.
  • USS Kearny Attacked

    USS Kearny Attacked
    Torpedoed by a German U-boat in October 1941, before the U.S. had entered the war. She survived that attack, and later served in North Africa and the Mediterranean.
  • Reuben James Sank

    Reuben James Sank
    Was the first United States Navy ship sunk by hostile action in the European theater of World War II
  • Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor
    Surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. Brought America into WWII
  • Battle of Bataan

    Battle of Bataan
    Represented the most intense phase of Imperial Japan's invasion of the Philippines during World War II.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    Forcible transfer by the Imperial Japanese Army of 60,000–80,000 American and Filipino prisoners of war from Saysain Point, Bagac, Bataan and Mariveles to Camp O'Donnell, Capas, Tarlac, via San Fernando, Pampanga, where the prisoners were loaded onto trains.
  • Island Hopping Campaign Begins

    Island Hopping Campaign Begins
    Was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II.
  • Battle of Coral Sea

    Battle of Coral Sea
    It was the first pure carrier-versus-carrier battle in history as neither surface fleet sighted the other. Though a draw, it was an important turning point in the war in the Pacific because, for the first time, the Allies had stopped the Japanese advance.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    Decisive naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II, with America coming out on top.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    Marked the culmination of the North African campaign between the forces of the British Empire and the German-Italian army commanded in the field by Erwin Rommel in World War II.
  • Casablanca Conference

    Casablanca Conference
    To plan the Allied European strategy for the next phase of World War II. In attendance were United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British prime minister Winston Churchill.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    The Battle of Stalingrad was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad in Southern Russia.
  • Tehran Conference

    Tehran Conference
    Strategy meeting of Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill, after the Anglo-Soviet Invasion of Iran. It was held in the Soviet Union's embassy in Tehran, Iran.
  • D-Day

    Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II. Codenamed Operation Neptune and often referred to as D-Day, it was the largest seaborne invasion in history.
  • MacArthur Returned to the Philippines

    MacArthur Returned to the Philippines
    A few hours after his troops landed, MacArthur waded ashore onto the Philippine island of Leyte. That day, he made a radio broadcast in which he declared, “People of the Philippines, I have returned!”
  • FDR Elected to a 4th Term

    FDR Elected to a 4th Term
    This resulted in the Twenty-second Amendment to the United States Constitution being ratified in 1951, limiting all future presidents to two elected terms.
  • Battle of the Bulge

    Battle of the Bulge
    Last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    Three leaders agreed to demand Germany's unconditional surrender and began plans for a post-war world.
  • Battle of Iwo Jima

    Battle of Iwo Jima
    Major battle in which the United States Marine Corps landed on and eventually captured the island of Iwo Jima from the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.
  • Battle of Okinawa

    Battle of Okinawa
    Major battle of the Pacific War fought on the island of Okinawa by United States Marine and Army forces against the Imperial Japanese Army. The Americans won.
  • Harry Truman Became President

    Harry Truman Became President
    Vice president for just 82 days before Roosevelt died and Truman became the 33rd president.
  • VE Day

    VE Day
    Marked the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Failed to settle most of the important issues at hand and thus helped set the stage for the Cold War that would begin shortly after World War II came to an end.
  • Little Boy Dropped on Hiroshima

    Little Boy Dropped on Hiroshima
    United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. The bomb was known as "Little Boy", a uranium gun-type bomb that exploded with about thirteen kilotons of force.
  • Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki

    Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki
    It was the second of the only two nuclear weapons ever used in warfare, the first being Little Boy, and its detonation marked the third nuclear explosion in history.
  • VJ Day

    VJ Day
    Day on which Imperial Japan surrendered in World War II, in effect bringing the war to an end.
  • Nuremberg Trials

    Nuremberg Trials
    Series of military tribunals held by the Allied forces under international law and the laws of war after World War II.
  • Japanese War Crime Trials

    Japanese War Crime Trials
    On November 4, 1948, the trial ended with 25 of 28 Japanese defendants being found guilty. Of the three other defendants, two had died during the lengthy trial, and one was declared insane.