Period 2, Kurtz and Hranek, History of Earth Timeline

  • (5BYA) Beginning of the solar system

    (5BYA) Beginning of the solar system
    our solar system was a swirling mass of gas and dust and a few years later the sun started to form.
  • (4.6BYA)The first signs of earth

    (4.6BYA)The first signs of earth
    earth began to form
  • (2.2BYA) Earth Today

    (2.2BYA) Earth Today
    Earth probably appeared much as it does today.
  • (4BYA) Minerals and Rocks

    (4BYA) Minerals and Rocks
    the oldest rocks and crystals are about 4 billion years old and
    Volcanoes emitted gas, forming an atmosphere
  • (4BYA) Before the atmosphere

    (4BYA) Before the atmosphere
    little or no oxygen gas existed in early earth, first cells might have developed in an environment with organic molecules for food
  • (3.5BYA) Forms of Life

    (3.5BYA) Forms of Life
    some forms of life became photosynthetic
  • (3BYA)The Ozone

    (3BYA)The Ozone
    ozone was made
  • (2 BYA) O2 Levels

    (2 BYA) O2 Levels
    O2 levels reached today’s levels
  • (1.5BYA) Prokaryotes

    (1.5BYA) Prokaryotes
    A type of small aerobic prokaryote was engulfed by and began to live and reproduce inside a larger, anaerobic prokaryote
  • (1BYA) Ozone

    (1BYA) Ozone
    Ozone (O3) formed – protected organisms from harmful UV rays so they could exist on land
  • (1600-1700) Microscopes

    (1600-1700) Microscopes
    First Microscopes- Robert Hooke used and early light microscope to study nature electron microscopes have also been used.
  • (1600-1700) Redi's Experiment

    (1600-1700) Redi's Experiment
    Redi’s experiment- he took meat and put it in two beakers one sealed and one left open. The beaker left open had flies, but the sealed beaker would not let the flies enter. Redi concluded that the flies had something to do with the maggots that were shown with the sealed beaker.
  • (1700-1800) Spallanzani’s experiment

    (1700-1800) Spallanzani’s experiment
    Spallanzani’s experiment - he boiled broth in two flasks he kept one flask open and then sealed the other with melted glass. The broth within the sealed flask stayed clear but the broth within the open flask had turned cloudy. he inferred that microorganisms do not arise spontaneously, they are carried in the air.
  • (1800-1900) Pasteur’s experiment

    (1800-1900) Pasteur’s experiment
    Pasteur’s experiment- he used a variation of Spallanzani’s experiment and used a cure-neck flask to heat the broth with and let it sit for one year. it was not sealed so the “spontaneous” force could get through but after one year the broth had stayed clear. Then when he broke the top off of the flask the broth became cloudy the next day.
  • (1800-1900) Radioactive Dating

    (1800-1900) Radioactive Dating
    Radioactive dating-is used in methods of establishing the age of materials
  • (1900- Present) Urey and Miller

    (1900- Present) Urey and Miller
    Urey and Miller- they tested Oparin’s hypothesis. They set up a chamber containing gases that Oparin believed to be in the atmosphere and as the gases circulated, electric sparks supplied energy to drive chemical reactions. The result of this experiment and others were a variety of organic compounds.
  • (1900-Present)- Lynn Margulis

    (1900-Present)- Lynn Margulis
    Lynn Margulis- a researcher that dealt with prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • (1900-Present) Fox

    (1900-Present) Fox
    Fox-one of many who have done research on the physical structures that may have given rise to the first cells. Ex:Microspheres- which are composed of many protein molecules that are organized as a membrane, and Coacervates- which are collections of balls that are composed of molecules of different types.
  • (1900-Present) Thomas Cech

    (1900-Present) Thomas Cech
    Thomas Cech- showed that life could have started with RNA
  • (1900-Present) Oparin's Hypothesis

    (1900-Present) Oparin's Hypothesis
    Oparin’s hypothesis was proposed in the 1920’s. They thought that early atmosphere contained ammonia, hydrogen gas, water vapor, and compounds made of hydrogen and carbon.