P1, Giambalvo, APES Timeline Activity

  • Agricultural Revolution

    The actual year is 10,000 years ago.
  • Industrial Revolution

    The actual date is 275 years ago.
  • Thomas Mathus predicted that exponential population growth would outpace linear food production, leading to starvation.

  • John Muir

    John Muir
    John Muir was a nature explorer. He also was a perservor of the wilderness.
  • Walden by Henry David Thoreau

    Walden by Henry David Thoreau
    This book explains Thoreau's experience in a cabin for two years. It uses the four seasons to symbolize the development of humans.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Acts were federal laws. They gave people with jobs ownership of land for a very low cost.
  • Yellowstone National Park founded

  • American Forestry Association founded

    American Forestry Association founded
    American Forestry Association is a non-profit organization. It is to protect and restore forest ecosystems.
  • Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks founded

  • General Revision Act

    The General Revision Act authorized the President to create forest preserves. approximately 16 million acres were put aside.
  • Sierra Club founded

    Sierra Club founded
    The Sierra Club is one of the oldest, largest environmental organizations in the US. It's also one of the most influential organizations.
  • Lacey Act

    Lacey Act
    The Lacey Act protects plant and wildlife. It prevents plants, wildlife, and fish from being traded that have been illegally taken.
  • Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

  • First national wildlife refuge established

  • Audubon Society founded

    Audubon Society founded
    The Audubon Society is a non-profit environmental organization. It's dedicated to conservation.
  • U.S. forest Service founded

    U.S. forest Service founded
    The USFS is an agency of agriculture. It administers 155 national forests and 20 national grasslands.
  • Aldo Leopold

    Aldo Leopold
    He was influential in the movement for wilderness conservation. His ethics of nature and wildlife preservation had a great impact on the environmental movement.
  • Gifford Pinchot

    Gifford Pinchot
    He was an American forester. He was the first chief of the U.S. Forest Service.
  • Antiquities Act

    Antiquities Act
    This Act gives the President the authority to restrict the use of certain public land owned by the federal government. The Act has been used many times since then.
  • Congress became upset because Roosevelt was waving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals.

  • U.S. National Park service founded

  • Dust Bowl

    In the 1930's
  • Civilian Conservation Corps founded

    Civilian Conservation Corps founded
    The CCC was a public work relief program. Roosevelt provided unskilled manual labor jobs for unemployed, unmarried men.
  • Soil Conservation Service founded

    Soil Conservation Service founded
    The NRCS is an agency of agriculture. It provides assistance to farmers and private landowners.
  • Taylor Grazing Act

    Taylor Grazing Act
    The Taylor Grazing Act is a federal law that regulates grazing of public land. It's to improve rangeland conditions.
  • Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act

    Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
    This Act inforces any person who hunts ducks, geese, swans or brant and is 16 or older must carry a current Duck stamp. This was put into place because there was a rapid decrease in wild ducks and geese.
  • Fish Plus Wildlife Service Act

    Fish Plus Wildlife Service Act
    The FWS is a federal agency that manages fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. They protect and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitat.
  • Jane Goodall

    Jane Goodall
    She was 26 when she traveled to East Africa. She studied the population of chimpanzees.
  • Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson

    Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson
    The book documented the effects of pesticides on the environment. She accused the chemical industry for spreading false information.
  • Wilderness Act

    Wilderness Act
    The Wilderness Act created the legal definition of wilderness. It also protected 9.1 million acers of federal land.
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

    Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
    This act was to protect wild rivers and scenic rivers. It was so development wouldn't change their wild or scenic nature.
  • Garret Hardin introduced the Tragedy of the Commons

  • NEPA

    NEPA is an environmental law that established a national policy promoting the enhancement of the environment. Its main effect was to set up procedural requirements for all federal government agencies to prepare environmental assessments.
  • Richard Nixon

    He cared about the environment and signed the National Environmental policy of 1969 on Jan. 1, 1970. It made federal agencies submit statements on environmental impacts for federal programs.
  • Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught fire

    Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught fire
    Floating pieces of oil slicked debris were ignited on the river by sparks caused by a passing train causing the river to catch fire. The fire was determined to have reached heights of over five stories and lasted between twenty and thirty minutes.
  • First Earth Day

    First Earth Day
  • Environmental Protection Agency established

    Environmental Protection Agency established
    It was created for protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. Through the 1960s Congress reacted to increasing public concern about the impact that human activity could have on the environment. In 1970 the National Environmental Policy Act was signed. It was the first of several environmental laws made in the 70's. By 1990 the clean air amendments came into play.

    In 1972 the FEPCA expanded EPA’s present authority to oversee the sales and use of pesticides with awareness on the preservation of human health and protection of the environment. In 1975 the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act Extension came into play. In 1978 the Federal Pesticide Act of 1978 was created. Then in 1988 the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Amendments of 1988 was introduced.
  • OPEC oil embargo

    OPEC oil embargo
    rOPEC aised oil prices during the 1973 Oil Crisis in response to US aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War. It lasted until March, 1974.
  • Endangered Species Act

  • Sherwood Roland and Molina Announce that CFC's are depleting the ozone layer

  • RCRA

    This act governs the disposal of solid and hazardous waste. It was introduced on July 21, 1975 and again June 22, 1976 then finally was signed October 21, 1976.
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

    SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands. This act regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the U.S.
  • Clean Water Act

    Clean Water Act
    This act governs water pollution. The act established the goals of eliminating high amounts of toxic substances into water.
  • Love Canal, NY & Lois Gibb

    The Love Canal site used to be a chemical dump. Later on an elementary school was built on the site. Residents started smelling chemicals and children became ill. In 1982, Carter declared Love Canal a federal disaster area and relocated families.
  • 3 Mile Island Nuclear accident

    The Three Mile Island accident was a partial nuclear meltdown. It resulted in the release of small amounts of radioactive gases and radioactive iodine into the environment. There have been no links of cancer to the accident.
  • Alaskan Lands Act

    The Act provided for 43,585,000 acres of new national parklands in Alaska. The additional 53,720,000 acres went to the National Wildlife Refuge System; twenty-five wild and scenic rivers, with twelve more to be studied.
  • Ronald Regan

    He wanted to override Carter's environmental agenda. He wanted to eliminate regulation in the government.
  • Bhopal, Indian

    There was a gas leak in Indian. The toxic substance made its way in and around the towns located near the plant. At least 3,787 died and over 16,000 claimed dead.

    A 1980 law known as Superfund, authorizes EPA to respond to threatened releases of hazardous substances that may endanger public health, welfare, or environment. In 1986 several important changes were made including increasing the funding of Superfund to $8.5 billion and providing for studies and the use of new technologies. In 1990, the Clinton administration proposed a new Superfund reform bill.
  • Chernobyl

    Chernobyl was a nuclear accident in Ukraine. An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, which spread over much of the western USSR and Europe. There were 31 deaths and many people got long tern effects of cancer.
  • World Population reaches 5 billion

  • Montreal Protocol

    This is to protect the ozone layer. They do this by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
  • Exxon Valdez

    It is an oil tanker that was known for running aground spilling hundreds of thousands of barrels of oil in Alaska. On March 24, 1989 the vessel ran aground on the Bligh Reef resulting in the second largest oil spill in U.S. history.
  • Energy Policy Act of 1992

    The Act set goals to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the U.S. It was signed into law by George W.H. Bush.
  • Desert Protection Act

    The Act establishes the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve in the California desert. It's to protect the historical values they found in these deserts.
  • Kyoto Protocol

    It is an international treaty that sets obligations on industrialised countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The Protocol was adopted by Parties to the UNFCCC in 1997 and was inforced in 2005.
  • Julia Butterfly Hill sat in tree "Luna" for 700+ days to protest deforestation

  • World population reaches 6 billion

  • World population reacges 7 billion