Thomas Mathus predicted that exponential population growth would outpace linear food production, leading to starvation.
John Muir was a nature explorer. He also was a perservor of the wilderness.
Walden by Henry David Thoreau
This book explains Thoreau's experience in a cabin for two years. It uses the four seasons to symbolize the development of humans.
Homestead Acts were federal laws. They gave people with jobs ownership of land for a very low cost.
Yellowstone National Park founded
American Forestry Association founded
American Forestry Association is a non-profit organization. It is to protect and restore forest ecosystems.
Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks founded
General Revision Act
The General Revision Act authorized the President to create forest preserves. approximately 16 million acres were put aside.
Sierra Club founded
The Sierra Club is one of the oldest, largest environmental organizations in the US. It's also one of the most influential organizations.
The Lacey Act protects plant and wildlife. It prevents plants, wildlife, and fish from being traded that have been illegally taken.
Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)
First national wildlife refuge established
Audubon Society founded
The Audubon Society is a non-profit environmental organization. It's dedicated to conservation.
U.S. forest Service founded
The USFS is an agency of agriculture. It administers 155 national forests and 20 national grasslands.
He was influential in the movement for wilderness conservation. His ethics of nature and wildlife preservation had a great impact on the environmental movement.
He was an American forester. He was the first chief of the U.S. Forest Service.
This Act gives the President the authority to restrict the use of certain public land owned by the federal government. The Act has been used many times since then.
Congress became upset because Roosevelt was waving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals.
U.S. National Park service founded
In the 1930's
Civilian Conservation Corps founded
The CCC was a public work relief program. Roosevelt provided unskilled manual labor jobs for unemployed, unmarried men.
Soil Conservation Service founded
The NRCS is an agency of agriculture. It provides assistance to farmers and private landowners.
Taylor Grazing Act
The Taylor Grazing Act is a federal law that regulates grazing of public land. It's to improve rangeland conditions.
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
This Act inforces any person who hunts ducks, geese, swans or brant and is 16 or older must carry a current Duck stamp. This was put into place because there was a rapid decrease in wild ducks and geese.
Fish Plus Wildlife Service Act
The FWS is a federal agency that manages fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. They protect and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitat.
She was 26 when she traveled to East Africa. She studied the population of chimpanzees.
Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson
The book documented the effects of pesticides on the environment. She accused the chemical industry for spreading false information.
The Wilderness Act created the legal definition of wilderness. It also protected 9.1 million acers of federal land.
Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
This act was to protect wild rivers and scenic rivers. It was so development wouldn't change their wild or scenic nature.
Garret Hardin introduced the Tragedy of the Commons
NEPA is an environmental law that established a national policy promoting the enhancement of the environment. Its main effect was to set up procedural requirements for all federal government agencies to prepare environmental assessments.
He cared about the environment and signed the National Environmental policy of 1969 on Jan. 1, 1970. It made federal agencies submit statements on environmental impacts for federal programs.
Cuyahoga River in Cleveland, Ohio, caught fire
Floating pieces of oil slicked debris were ignited on the river by sparks caused by a passing train causing the river to catch fire. The fire was determined to have reached heights of over five stories and lasted between twenty and thirty minutes.
First Earth Day
Environmental Protection Agency established
It was created for protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by Congress. Through the 1960s Congress reacted to increasing public concern about the impact that human activity could have on the environment. In 1970 the National Environmental Policy Act was signed. It was the first of several environmental laws made in the 70's. By 1990 the clean air amendments came into play.
In 1972 the FEPCA expanded EPA’s present authority to oversee the sales and use of pesticides with awareness on the preservation of human health and protection of the environment. In 1975 the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act Extension came into play. In 1978 the Federal Pesticide Act of 1978 was created. Then in 1988 the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Amendments of 1988 was introduced.
OPEC oil embargo
rOPEC aised oil prices during the 1973 Oil Crisis in response to US aid to Israel during the Yom Kippur War. It lasted until March, 1974.
Endangered Species Act
Sherwood Roland and Molina Announce that CFC's are depleting the ozone layer
This act governs the disposal of solid and hazardous waste. It was introduced on July 21, 1975 and again June 22, 1976 then finally was signed October 21, 1976.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands. This act regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the U.S.
Clean Water Act
This act governs water pollution. The act established the goals of eliminating high amounts of toxic substances into water.
Love Canal, NY & Lois Gibb
The Love Canal site used to be a chemical dump. Later on an elementary school was built on the site. Residents started smelling chemicals and children became ill. In 1982, Carter declared Love Canal a federal disaster area and relocated families.
3 Mile Island Nuclear accident
The Three Mile Island accident was a partial nuclear meltdown. It resulted in the release of small amounts of radioactive gases and radioactive iodine into the environment. There have been no links of cancer to the accident.
Alaskan Lands Act
The Act provided for 43,585,000 acres of new national parklands in Alaska. The additional 53,720,000 acres went to the National Wildlife Refuge System; twenty-five wild and scenic rivers, with twelve more to be studied.
He wanted to override Carter's environmental agenda. He wanted to eliminate regulation in the government.
There was a gas leak in Indian. The toxic substance made its way in and around the towns located near the plant. At least 3,787 died and over 16,000 claimed dead.
A 1980 law known as Superfund, authorizes EPA to respond to threatened releases of hazardous substances that may endanger public health, welfare, or environment. In 1986 several important changes were made including increasing the funding of Superfund to $8.5 billion and providing for studies and the use of new technologies. In 1990, the Clinton administration proposed a new Superfund reform bill.
Chernobyl was a nuclear accident in Ukraine. An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, which spread over much of the western USSR and Europe. There were 31 deaths and many people got long tern effects of cancer.
World Population reaches 5 billion
This is to protect the ozone layer. They do this by phasing out the production of numerous substances believed to be responsible for ozone depletion.
It is an oil tanker that was known for running aground spilling hundreds of thousands of barrels of oil in Alaska. On March 24, 1989 the vessel ran aground on the Bligh Reef resulting in the second largest oil spill in U.S. history.
Energy Policy Act of 1992
The Act set goals to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the U.S. It was signed into law by George W.H. Bush.
Desert Protection Act
The Act establishes the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve in the California desert. It's to protect the historical values they found in these deserts.
It is an international treaty that sets obligations on industrialised countries to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The Protocol was adopted by Parties to the UNFCCC in 1997 and was inforced in 2005.
Julia Butterfly Hill sat in tree "Luna" for 700+ days to protest deforestation