Walden

AP Environmental Science Timeline

  • Industrial Revolution

  • 10,000 years ago: Agricultural Rev.

  • Period: to

    APES Timeline

  • John Muir born

    America's most famous naturalist and conservationist, very influential. Also known as "The Father of our National Parks,""Wilderness Prophet," and "Citizenof the Universe."
  • Walden by Henry David Thoreau

    Walden by Henry David Thoreau
    A "reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings."
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    You could apply for a federal land grant if you had never taken up arms against the US government, were over 21 years of age, or were the head of a family.
  • Yellowstone National Park founded

  • American Forestry Association founded

    A non-profit conservation organization that serves the purpose of protecting and restoring healthy forest ecosystems.
  • Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded

  • General Revision Act

    Reversed previous policies, granted increased plots of public land while decreasing extraction rights to privately held western land owners.
  • Sierra Club founded

    An environmental organization founded by John Muir with the initial purpose of defeating a proposed reduction in boundaries of Yosemite National Park.
  • Lacey Act

    A conservation law that prohibits trade of wildlife, fish,and plants that have been taken, possessed, or sold illegally.
  • Period: to

    Golden Age of Conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

  • First National Wildlife Refuge established

  • Gifford Pinchot

    An American forester and politician who served as the first Chief of the United States Forest Service.
  • Aldo Leopold

    An American author, scientist, ecologist, forester, conservationist, and environmentalist who reformed the management and development of US forests.
  • Audubon Society founded

    An environmental organization that is non-profit, it is dedicated to conservation.
  • US Forest Service founded

    Administers the 154 national forests of the nation and 20 grasslands, all of which encompass 193 million acres.
  • Antiquities Act

    First law that declared archeological sites on public lands as important resources.
  • Congress became upset because Roosevelt was waving so much forest land so they banned further withdrawals.

  • US National Park Service founded

  • Period: to

    Dust Bowl

  • Civilian Conservation Corps founded

    A public relief work program, part of the New Deal targeted towards helping unemployed, umarried men from relief families.
  • Soil Conservation Service founded

    Provides technical assistance to private landowners and mangers (farmers etc.).
  • Taylor Grazing Act

    Regulates grazing on public lands in an attempt to improve rangeland conditions.
  • Migratory BIrd Hunting Stamp Act

    Any person hunting ducks, geese, swan, or brant, is 16 years old or older has to carry a current Duck Stamp.
  • Fish plus Wildlife Service founded

    Manage fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. Work to conserve and protect them.
  • Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson

    An environmental science book documenting the detrimental effects on the environment of the use of pesticides.
  • Wilderness Act

    Defined wilderness as “an area where the earth and its community of life are untrammeled by man, where man himself is a visitor who does not remain,” while creating the National Wilderness Preservation System.
  • Clean Air Act

    Regulates the air quality of the United States.
  • Clean Air Act

    Regulates the air quality of the United States.
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

    Selected rivers are set to be preserved because of their remarkable values.
  • Cuyahoga River in Cleveland,Ohio, caught fire

    Was result of water pollution and helped spur an environmental movement.
  • NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act)

    The Act etablished the President's Council on Environmental Quality while promoting the enhancement of the environment.
  • Clean Air Act

    Regulates the air quality of the United States.
  • FIFRA (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act)

    Established the basic system of pesticide regulation in an attempt to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
  • Endangered Species Act

  • OPEC oil embargo

    Embargoset against the US by Arab members in response to US Israeli support in war.
  • Roland and Molina (UCI) announce that CFC's are depleting the ozone layer

  • FIFRA

    Established the basic system of pesticide regulation in an attempt to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
  • RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)

    A pubic law that provides the proper waste management of hazardous and non-hazardous wastes that are solid.
  • Clean Air Act

    Regulates the air quality of the United States.
  • Clean Water Act

    Primary Act in US that governs the pollution of water.
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

    Federal Law regulating the environmental effects of coal mining in the US.
  • FIFRA

    Established the basic system of pesticide regulation in an attempt to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
  • Love Canal, NY (toxic waste leaks into residential houses)

    Hooker Chemicals and Plastics Corporation disposed more than 20,000 tons of chemical wastes into Love Canal. A canal of which they purchased.
  • 3 Mile Island Nuclear accident

    The worst comercial US power plant accident in history. Considered a "partial nuclear meltdown."
  • Alaskan Lands Act

    Federal Law providing varying degrees of protection to over 100,000,000 acres of land.
  • CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act= Super-Fund)

    Federal Law set to clean sites up that were contaminated with different hazardous substances.
  • Bhopal, Indian (chemical toxin kills 2,000)

    Considered the world's worst industrial accident,a gas leak in India that lead to many deaths.
  • CERCLA

    Federal Law set to clean sites up that were contaminated with different hazardous substances.
  • Chernobyl

    Nuclear disaster in which an explosion and fire released radioactive toxins throughout regions of Europe and Western USSR.
  • Montreal Protocol

    An international treaty signed in an attempt to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of products responsible for the depletion of the ozone layer.
  • FIFRA

    Established the basic system of pesticide regulation in an attempt to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
  • Exxon Valdez

    An oil tanker located in Alaska that spilled thousands of barrels of crude oil. Listed as the 54th largest oil spill in history.
  • Clean Air Act

    Regulates the air quality of the United States.
  • CERCLA

    Federal Law set to clean sites up that were contaminated with different hazardous substances.
  • Energy Policy Act of 1992

    Government Act intended to increase the use of clean energy and improve energy efficiency.
  • Desert Protection Act

    Federal Law that established in the California desert the Death Valley, Joshua National Tree Parks, and Mojave National Preserve.
  • Period: to

    Kyoto Protocol

    International Treaty that extends the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) of 1992.
  • World population hits 6 billion

  • World population hits 7 billion

  • Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Plant, Japan