Amendment 1Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise, or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment facts: The first Amendment was ratified in 1791
The first freedoms guaranteed in this historic document were inspired by Thomas Jefferson and articulated in just 45 words by James Madison.
Amendment 2Right to bear arms
A good militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shouldn’t be messed with.
Amendment facts:Proposed on September 25, 1789
Ratified on December 15, 1791
When created, many state constitutions required men to own a gun and supplies to operate the firearm.
Amendment 3The Housing is Soldiers
No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law
Amendment facts: The wording of the amendment is what caused the debate from the beginning.
Gun control advocates state that it is meant for militias.
Passed in December 15, 1791
Amendment 4Protection from unreasonable searches and seizures
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.
Amendment facts:Police can not enter your home without a search warrant.
Amendment 5Protection of Rights to Life, Liberty, and Property
No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury,
Amendment facts: Government cannot deprive a person of life,liberty, or property without due process of law.
December 15, 1791
The government should follow proper procedures in trial to take on against individuals.
Amendment 6Rights of Accused Persons in criminal cases
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed
Amendment facts: Right to speedy trial
Right to impartial jury
Right to confront accusing witnesses
Right to lawyer
Right to call witnesses
Amendment 7Rights in Civil Cases
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States than according to the rules of the common law.
Amendment facts: Trial by jury in cases involving more than 20$
December 15, 1791
Amendment 8Excessive bail, fines, and punishment forbidden
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Amendment facts:No cruel punishment for anything unless death sentence.
December 15, 1791
Amendment 9Other rights kept by the people
The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
Amendment facts:Citizens are entitled to rights not listed in the us constitution
December 15, 1791
Amendment 10Undelegated powers kept by the States and the People
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people
Amendment facts:Any rights given are given to the states and people
Amendment 11Authority of federal courts restricted
The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.
Amendment facts:Ratified February 7, 1795
Individual cannot sue a state in federal court
Judicial Power does not extend to any lawsuit prosecuted against the US by citizens of another state or foreign country
Amendment 12Election of the president and vice president
The electors shall meet in their respective states and vote by ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President.
Amendment facts: Ratified June 15, 1804
Seperate ballots for president and vice president
States choose our president by voting and then it's decided by percentage.
Amendment 13Slavery outlawed
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Ratified December 6, 1865
Absolutely no type of slavery shall be allowed in the US.
The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Amendment 14Rights of citizenship
All persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
Amendment facts:Ratified July 9th, 1868
Amendment 14 gives the rights of citizenship to all people born in the US or naturalized
Amendment 15Voting rights for all races
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race,color, or previous condition of servitude.
The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
Amendment facts:Ratified February 3, 1870
Literally every citizen can vote
Amendment 16Federal income taxes
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states and without regard to any census or enumeration
Amendment facts:Congress can collect income tax
Amendment 17Election of senators by Popular Vote.
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each state, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislatures.
States that people instead of state legislature elect U.S senators. Prior to this amendment State Legislatures elect senators
Amendment 18Liquor Outlawed
After one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited
Amendment facts:Bans the manufacture, sale, and transportation of any alcohol in the United States
Amendment 19Voting rights for men and women
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation
Amendment facts: Women are now allowed to vote and are equal.
Amendment 20Terms of president and congress; replacing the president.
The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the twentieth day of January, and the terms of Senators And Representatives at noon on the third day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article has not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin
Amendment facts: if the president dies the Vice President can take over
Amendment 21Control of liquor returned to the states
The transportation or importation into any state, territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.
Amendment facts: The 21st amendment ratified the 18th amendment
Amendment 22Presidents limited to two terms
No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once.
Amendment facts:What the people are saying is that no man can be good three times they even made a button.
Amendment 23Presidential Electors for the District of Columbia
The district constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint, in such manner as the Congress may direct, a number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the district would be entitled if it were a state, but in no event more than the least populous state.
Amendment facts: taxation without representation
Amendment 24Voting right protected from taxes
The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.
Amendment facts: Forbids poll taxes so those in poverty could still vote.
Amendment 25Replacing the president and Vice President
Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the president pro tempore of the Senate and the speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue
Amendment facts: They will replace the president and Vice President at any point
Amendment 26Voting rights for all citizens 18 or older
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of age
Amendment facts: Everyone 18 or older can now vote
Amendment 27Changes in Salaries of senators and representatives.
No law varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives shall take effect until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.
Amendment facts: Congress cannot accept a pay raise until next term.