Music History

  • Period: 500 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • Period: 1025 to 1028

    Guido of Arezzo's formulation of the Solmization System

  • 1098

    Hildegard of Bingen birth

  • 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen death

  • 1320

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Philippe de Vitry created a musical style that involved isorhythm on a large scale which incorporated both duple and triple meter (polyrhythmic style). The Ars Nova also included the invention of a new system of music notation.
  • Period: 1450 to

    Renaissance Period

  • 1529

    Martin Luther's "Ein feste burg" published

  • 1538

    Arcadelt, "Il bianco e dolce cigno" published

  • 1567

    Pope Marcellus Mass published

    This was an early work that represented the Palestrina style, which is still the ideal for current textbooks on counterpoint. This mass helped to set the rules and the tone for this still-relevant style.
  • 1572

    Victoria's "O Magnum Mysterium" published

  • Victoria, "Missa O Magnum Mysterium" publication

  • Giovanni Gabrieli's "Sacrae Symphoniae" published

    Gabrieli published his symphony that included both vocal and instrumental works, including motets, canzonas, and sonatas.
  • Period: to

    Baroque era

  • Monteverdi's L'Orfeo

  • First Public Concerts in England

  • Period: to

    JS Bach

  • Vivaldi's L'estro Armonico publication date

    This work was composed in a concerto a 7 format and pioneered unisono in concerto movements. Each of the segments had strong individual character and was a distinct harmonic unit, which allowed Vivaldi to both separate and recombine segments throughout the work.
    *I honestly could not find much about its significance in the textbook and a fellow classmate had the same issue. I'm not sure if this is 100% correct as I had to look some info up.
  • Rameau's Traité de L’harmonie Publication date

    This work won Rameau's renown as a theorist. The concepts that Rameau wrote about in this treatise became the principle basis for teaching harmony and was one of the most influential music theory works ever written.
  • Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier volume 1

    This book was groundbreaking because it presented a fugue of virtually every key, exploring different styles and techniques to do it in. It was designed to explore equal temperment, which was new in the world of keyboard music.
  • Period: to

    Franz Joseph Haydn

  • Handel's Messiah premiere date

  • Period: to

    Viennese Classical Period

  • Period: to

    WA Mozart

  • Period: to

    Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

    The main significance of Joseph Bolonge directing "one of the finest orchestras in Europe" was the fact that he was a black man. Despite his disadvantage as such, he became one of the best and most accomplished composers, conductors, and virtuosos of his time. He is known as the "black Mozart", which could be considered a slight today, but obviously shows his significance and rank as a composer. He was even well known in America, as John Adams called him "the most accomplished man in Europe",
  • Mozart's Don Giovanni published

  • Haydn's Surprise Symphony premiere

  • Beethoven 5th Symphony premiere

    (Could also be considered 1807 according to our powerpoint)
  • Schubert's Erlkönig Composed

  • Paganini 24 Caprices published

  • Symphonie Fantastique Composed

  • Period: to

    Chopin Mazurkas Op. 7 composed

  • Das Jahr composed

  • Period: to

    Souvenir De Porto Rico composed

  • Musorgsky's "Picture's at an Exhibition"

  • Bizet's "Carmen" premiere

  • Der Ring Des Nibelungen Premiere

  • Brahms' Symphony No. 4 premiere

  • Mahler's Symphony No. 1

  • Dvorak Symphony No. 9

  • Scott Joplin's Maple Leaf Rag (published)

  • Jean Sibelius' Finlandia (premiere)

  • Publication of Claude Debussy's “Voiles” from Préludes Book 1

  • Arnold Schönberg's Pierrot Lunaire

  • Igor Stravinsky's Le sacre du Printemps (premiere)

  • Period: to

    Arnold Schönberg's Piano Suite, Op.25

  • Louis Armstrong's "Hotter Than That" (date of recording)

  • George and Ira Gershwin's "I Got Rhythm" (published)

  • Shostakovich Symphony No. 5 premiere

  • Alexander Nevsky film

  • Duke Ellington's Cottontail

  • Messiaen's Quartet for the End of Time

    *Composed between 1940 and 1941
  • Bela Bartók's Concerto for Orchestra

  • Copland's Appalachian Spring

  • John Cage's "4'33""

  • Edgard Varese "Poeme Electronique"

    *composed between 1957 and 58
  • Miles Davis' "Kind of Blue"

  • George Crumb "Ancient Voices of Children"

  • John Adam's "Short Ride in a Fast Machine"