Middle Ages Timeline

  • 547

    Saint Benedict dies

    He died in Italy, while standing in prayer to God.
  • Jan 1, 732

    Battle of Tours

    Battle of Tours(aka Battle of Poitiers) was fought in north-central France between Frankish-Burgundian forces and an Umayyad army. Frankish troops won.
  • Oct 22, 741

    Charles "The Hammer" Martel dies

    Martel died in the Picardy region of France. He was buried in Paris. His territories were divided by his sons.
  • Nov 27, 1095

    The First Crusade

    Military expedition by Christianity to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims. Took place
  • Jan 1, 1163

    Work begins on Notre Dame Cathedral

  • Jan 1, 1210

    Francis discovers the Franciscan Order

    Franciscan Order is followed by "Franciscans", who seek to follow the life Francis did. There are three groups: the Observants, the Capuchins, and the Conventual Franciscans.
  • Jan 1, 1233

    Inquisition begins

    The Inquisition was the fight against heretics started in the justice-system in the Roman Catholic Church.. The Inquisition started as torture and the persecution of heresy was introduced.
  • Saint Benedict is born around 480

  • Charles "The Hammer" Martel is born

    Frankish military and political leader. In 739, he was offered but refused the title of Consul by the Pope.
  • Empress Theodora dies of cancer

    She died before the age of 50, and 17 years before her husband, Justinian. She was buried in Constantinople