Melissa Vanzalinge's Unit 8 Timeline

  • Concentration Camps

    Concentration Camps
    The first Nazi concentration camps were hastily erected in Germany in February 1933 immediately after Hitler became Chancellor and his NSDAP was given control over the police through Reich Interior Minister W.Frick and Prussian Acting Interior Minister H.Göring. Used to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers, the camps held around 45,000 prisoners by 1933 and were greatly expanded after the Reichstag fire of that year.
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  • Merchant Marines

    Merchant Marines
    Merchant Marines s the fleet of U.S. civilian-owned merchant vessels, operated by either the government or the private sector, that engage in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States. The Merchant Marine is responsible for transporting cargo and passengers during peace time. In time of war, the Merchant Marine is an auxiliary to the Navy, and can be called upon to deliver troops and supplies for the military.
  • Atomic Weapons

    Atomic Weapons
    Atomic Weapons were the technology that gave President Truman the confidence to demand an unconditional surrender of all armed forces or suffer utter destruction
  • Tuskegee Airmen

    Tuskegee Airmen
    Tuskegee Airmen is the popular name of a group of African-American pilots who fought in World War II. Formally, they formed the 332nd Fighter Group and the 477th Bombardment Group of the United States Army Air Corps.
  • Flying Tigers

    Flying Tigers
    The 1st American Volunteer Group of the Chinese Air Force in 1941–1942, famously nicknamed the Flying Tigers, was composed of pilots from the United States Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, recruited under presidential authority and commanded by Claire Lee Chennault. The ground crew and headquarters staff were likewise mostly recruited from the U.S. military, along with some civilians.
  • Omar Bradley

    Omar Bradley
    Omar Bradley was a senior U.S. Army field commander in North Africa and Europe during World War II, and a General of the Army in the United States Army.
  • Douglas MacArthur

    Douglas MacArthur
    Douglas MacArthur was an American general and field marshal of the Philippine Army who was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
  • Navajo Code Talkers

    Navajo Code Talkers
    Navajo Code Talkers United States soldiers during the world wars who used their knowledge of Native-American languages as a basis to transmit coded messages. In particular there were approximately 400-500 Native Americans in the United States Marine Corps whose primary job was the transmission of secret tactical messages.
  • Battle of Midway

    Battle of Midway
    Battle of Midway is widely regarded as the most important naval battle of the Pacific Campaign of World War II. Between 4 and 7 June 1942, the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet.
  • Holocaust

    The holocaust was the mass murder or genocide of approximately six million Jews during World War II, a mass murder by Nazi Germany, led by Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, throughout German-occupied territory.
  • Island Hopping

    Island Hopping
    Island Hopping was a military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II. The idea was to bypass heavily fortified Japanese positions and instead concentrate the limited Allied resources on strategically important islands that were not well defended but capable of supporting the drive to the main islands of Japan.
  • Bataan Death March

    Bataan Death March
    Bataan Death March was the forcible transfer, by the Imperial Japanese Army, of 60,000 Filipino and 15,000 American prisoners of war after the three-month Battle of Bataan in the Philippines during World War II.
  • Multiple Front War

    Multiple Front War
    Multiple Front War is fighting that takes place on two geographically separate fronts. It is usually executed by two or more separate forces simultaneously or nearly simultaneously, in the hope that their opponent will be forced to split their fighting force to deal with both threats, therefore reducing their odds of success. The most famous example of a two-front war was the European theatre during World War II when Hitler's Nazi Germany had to deal with the Western Allies.
  • George Marshall

    George Marshall
    George Marshall was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Once noted as the "organizer of victory" by Winston Churchill for his leadership of the Allied victory in World War II
  • Liberty Ships

    Liberty Ships
    Liberty Ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. Though British in conception, they were adapted by the U.S. as they were cheap and quick to build,and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. Based on vessels ordered by Britain to replace ships torpedoed by German U-boats, they were purchased for the U.S. fleet and for lend-lease deliveries of war material to Britain and to the Soviet Union via deliveries through Iran.
  • Dwight Eisenhower

    Dwight Eisenhower
    Dwight Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. He had previously been a five-star general in the United States Army during World War II.
  • Conventional Weapons

    Conventional Weapons
    Conventional Weapons generally refer to weapons that are in relatively wide use that are not weapons of mass destruction Conventional weapons include small arms and light weapons, sea and land mines, as well as (non-nuclear) bombs, shells, rockets, missiles and cluster munitions. These weapons use explosive material based on chemical energy, as opposed to nuclear energy in nuclear weapons.
  • D-Day Invasion

    D-Day Invasion
    The Normandy landings, codenamed Operation Neptune, were the landing operations of the Allied invasion of Normandy, in Operation Overlord, during World War II. The landings commenced on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 (D-Day), beginning at 6:30 am British Double Summer Time. In planning, as for most Allied operations, the term D-Day was used for the day of the actual landing, which was dependent on final approval.
  • Operation Overlord

    Operation Overlord
    Operation Overlord was the code name for the Battle of Normandy, the operation that launched the invasion of German-occupied western Europe during World War II by Allied forces.
  • George S. Patton

    George S. Patton
    George S. Patton was a general in the United States Army most well known for his command of the Seventh United States Army, and later the Third United States Army, in the European Theatre in World War II.
  • Chester W. Nimitz

    Chester W. Nimitz
    Chester W. Nimitz was a five-star admiral of the United States Navy. He held the dual command of Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet, for U.S. naval forces and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas, for U.S. and Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    Potsdam Conference was held at Cecilienhof, the home of Crown Prince Wilhelm Hohenzollern, in Potsdam, occupied Germany, from July 17 to August 2, 1945. They gathered to decide how to administer punishment to the defeated Nazi Germany, which had agreed to unconditional surrender nine weeks earlier, on 8 May. The goals of the conference also included the establishment of post-war order, peace treaties issues, and countering the effects of the war.
  • Congressional Medal of Honor

    Congressional Medal of Honor
    Congressional Medal of Honor is the United States of America's highest military honor, awarded for personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty. The medal is awarded by the President of the United States in the name of Congress. There are three versions of the medal, one for the Army, one for the Navy, and one for the Air Force.