Medical Innovations

  • John Hunter

    John Hunter
    Feb. 13, 1728-Oct. 16, 1793. He is from Scotland. He wrote The Natural History of the Human Teeth (1771), A Treatise on the Venereal Disease (1786), and Observations on Certain Parts of the Animal Oeconomy (1786) and A Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation, and Gun-shot Wounds (1794).
  • Edward Jenner

    Edward Jenner
    May 17, 1749-January 26, 1823. He was from England. He discovered the vacation for smallpox in 1796.
  • Humphry Davy

    Humphry Davy
    Dec. 17, 1778-May 29, 1829. He is from England. He found many elements and invented the miner’s safety lamp. He was a pioneer in the new field of electrochemistry.
  • Rene Laennec

    Rene Laennec
    Feb. 17, 1781-Aug. 13, 1826. He was from France. He invented the stethoscope and perfected the art of auditory examination of the chest cavity in 1816.
  • James Simpson

    James Simpson
    June 7, 1811-May 6, 1870. He is from Scotland. He was the first to use chloroform in obstetrics and the first in Britain to use ether.
  • Florence Nightingale

    Florence Nightingale
    May 12, 1820-August 13, 1910. She is from Italy. She is foundational philosopher of modern nursing, statistician, and social reformer. International Nurses Day is on her birthday.
  • Louis Pasteur

    Louis Pasteur
  • Joseph Lister

    Joseph Lister
    April 5, 1827-Feb. 10, 1912. He is from England. He founded the antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine. In 1867 he published his work on using antiseptics and between 1865-1869 surgery death rate dropped from 45% to 15%.
  • Robert Koch

    Robert Koch
    Dec. 11, 1843-May 27, 1910. He was from Hannover(now Germany).He is one of the founders of bacteriology. He discovered the anthrax disease cycle (1876) and the bacteria responsible for tuberculosis (1882) and cholera (1883)
  • Wilhelm Roentgen

    Wilhelm Roentgen
    March 27, 1845-February 10, 1923. He was from Prussia(now Germany). In 1895, he discovered the x-ray.
  • Sources

    "Biography." Robert Koch -. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. "Florence Nightingale (English Nurse)." Encyclopedia Britannica

    Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. "Humphry Davy." Homepage of the Chemical Heritage Foundation.
    N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013.