King John of England agreed to this. It tried to stop a Civil War but it only cause one. In 1297 it was formallu recognised as the law.
This system required the government to control buisiness. It controlled selling, buying, and taxing. Throughout all of this it was considered worthwhile.
104 settlers sailed from London the Virginia. They went to find gold and water routes to the Oient. Established the first permanent colony.
House of Brugess
The House of Burgess was the first Representative governemtn of North America. It was located in Virginia and it consisted of 22 members.
The Mayflower had set sail for the New World. They looked for Religious freedom. The colony was made of Pilgrams. It was first called Provincetown then it became Plymouth.
Was signed to agree to the new government in exchange fro protection. Most of them split from the Church of England and helped establish a civil society.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Was the 1st written constitution in the Western tradition that made a government. Basically a prototype of the Federal Consititution. It did not envolve the king at all.
John Culpeper was the cheif executive. He had control for around 2 years and was charged and trailed for treason. This started because they thought tax money was spent imprudently.
This revoltion sdtarted because of King James II changing the religion. People then revolted against the Catholic religion.
English Bill of Rights
The English Bill of Rights limited the power of the monarch. It gave the citizens certain inviolable civil and politcal rights. Only the year is coorect, couldn't find the actual date
French & Indian War
Also known as the Seven Years War. The colonist's needed more space so they moved over the Appalachian Mountians, which was the Indians land. They were not happy, so the started a war.
Salem Witch Trials
19 men and women were accused of being witches. None were actually witches but most of them were hung, 1 person was killed by stacking stones on them, and 4 died in prision.
First Great Awakening
Happened between the 1730s through the 1740s. Was a spiritual renewal in the American colonies and everyone practiced the same religion at this time. They relizied the Church of England could not control everyone.
Albany Plan of Union
Was written by Ben Franklin. It was wrote for all 13 colonies to unite and fight in the French and Indian War. Although it didn't pass.
Proclamation Line of 1763
This was after the French and Indian War. It gave land from the Mississippi River to the Appalachain Moutians to the Native Americans. The line was very hard to enforce.
The Native Americans uprised against the British. It occured right after the French and Indian War. The French settlers did not wan to share guns and they built on the Indians land.
Sugar/Revenue Act of 1764
It was prposed bby the Prime Minister, George Grenville. Was a modifed verison of the sugar and molasses act. This act taxed sugar, wine, coffee, pimiento, cambric and printed calica, lumber and iron.
Sons of Liberty
A secret organization to protest the Stamp Act. Cisbanded after the Stamp Act was replealed. Although they were no longer together, some people still used the name.
The Stamp Act involved taxing paper. If you was to buy paper then you would get a stamp. This isdea was propsed by the Britsih Parliament.
These acts involved the Stamp Act (March 22, 1765), Boston Port Act ( November 1, 1765), Massachusetts Government Act ( March 31, 1774), Administration of Justice Act (May 20, 1774), and the Quebec Act (1774).
It was created because of the Stamp Act. Patrick Henry gave a speech that helped this issue. It contained 5 resolves in all.
Charles Townsehend came up with this act. The idea was to cut the land tax and start taxing the colonists. The British done this because they didn't have enought of money to supply their needs for their people and war.
A group of men came outside intoxicated and started throwing stuff at the soliders. The soliders did not do anything at first but when they head a gun shot, they opened fire no the group. Only five men were killed in the massacre.
John Brown planned to attack and loot the Gasspee ship. After he succesfully looted the ship, he burned the boat. Although no charges was placed on Brown, but on the captian because of illegal goods.
Committees of Correspondence
Formed as a means of coordination action against Great Britian. Legsilatures and the Sons of Liberty helped form this. Organized by the government.
Since the French and Indian war, the Britsh need money. So to get more money, they decided to tax the tea thay the colonist's bought. Which of course, the colonist's got mad. They stole the tea and then they proceeded to dump the tea into the harbor.
Boston Tea Party
The Tea Party was a sign of Independence from the British. It occured in Boston Harbor, on the Griffins Wharf. The colony dressed as Indians and dumped the tea into the Boston Harbor.
Edenton Tea Party
It is the earliest organized women's political actions. Mrs. Penelope Barker had organized it. Was against taxaton without representation. They figured since the men took action, they should too.
First Continental Congress
The First Continental Congress disscussed the Brisitsh Intolerable Acts and boycotted the British goods. Later on the British blocked thier access to the North Atlantic Ocean.
Second Continental Congress
They established the Continental Army and elected George Washington as the Commander in Chief. George helped bring the British out of Boston.
They gathered in Charlotte. Was a year before the Declaration of Independence was written and it is clamied to have burned in a fire sometime in the 1800s. Although it was never presented to a full assembly tpo the 2nd Continental Congress.
This was a forerunner of the Declaration of Independence. Was to give independence to the people. Also influenced other states.
Declartaion of Independence
This document made American an independant nation. John Hancock signed as the writer of this document. It is now badly faded and put up at Washington D.C.
Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation was agreed opon on November 15, 1777 and ratified on March 1, 1781. It served as a bridge between the government by the Continental Congress and the federal government.
Treaty of Paris 1783
The treaty ended the Revolutionary War, which ended on September 3rd, 1783. The British then regonized the indenpendant nation of the United States and it also set up new boarders.
Land Ordinance of 1785
Passed by Congress that allowed the sale of land in the North West. Set standards for the sale of land by selling by square mile.
Happened between 1786 and 1787. The farmers stood agains the government because of foreclosure on their farms.
Was written in the newspapers. It tried to convince people to ratify the proposed constitution and it included 85 different essays.
55 delegats attened this but only 39 of them signed the Consititution.Their ages ranged from 26-81. This helped make the Constitution.
Land Ordinance of 1787
Helped set a new government in the North pf the Ohio River. Clamied that no one born in the North West Territory can be a slave and that religious freedom has to be observed.
Taxed liquor by 25%. It did not bother big companies but the smaller ones started to organize a group. It was the first test of federal authority.