Línea del tiempo música

  • 476

    Fall of the Western Roman Empire

    It was the loss of central political control in the Western Roman Empire.
  • Period: 476 to 1492

    Middle Age

    The Middle Ages or medieval period lasted approximately from the late 5th to the late 15th centuries. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and transitioned into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery.
  • 991

    Gido of Arezzo is born

    Guido of Arezzo was an italian music theorist and pedagogue of the High medieval music. He is regarded as the inventor of the modern staff notacion.
  • 1098

    Hildegard von Bingen is born

    She was a German Benedictine abbess and polymath active as a writer, composer, philosopher, mystic, visionary, and as a medical writer and practitioner during the High Middle Ages..
  • 1130

    Bernart de Ventadom is born

    He was a French poet-composer troubadour of the classical age of troubadour poetry. Generally regarded as the most important troubadour in both poetry and music.
  • 1135

    Leonin is born

    He was the first known significant composer of polyphonic organum. He was the earliest member of the Notre Dame school of polyphony.
  • 1155

    Perotin is born

    He was a composer associated with the Notre Dame school of polyphony in Paris and the broader ars antiqua musical style of high medieval music.
  • Period: 1170 to 1310

    Ars antiqua

    It's a term used by modern scholars to refer to the Medieval music of Europe during the High Middle Ages.
  • 1221

    Alfonso X is born

    He was King of Castile, León and Galicia. He was also a prolific author of Galician poetry, such as the Cantigas de Santa Maria, which are equally notable for their musical content as for their literary merit.
  • 1300

    Guillaume de Machaut is born

    He was a French composer and poet who was the central figure of the ars nova style in late medieval music.
  • Period: 1310 to 1377

    Ars nova

    It refers to a musical style which flourished in the Kingdom of France and its surroundings during the Late Middle Ages.
  • 1325

    Francesco Landini is born

    He was an Italian composer, poet, organist, singer and instrument maker who was a central figure of the Trecento style in late Medieval music.
  • Period: 1337 to 1453

    Hundred years' war

    It was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of England and France during the late Middle Ages.
  • Period: 1350 to


    It's a period in European history making the transition from the Middle Ages to modernity
  • 1451

    Christofer Columbus was born

    He was an Italian explorer and navigator who discovered America.
  • 1468

    Juan del Encina is born

    He was a composer, poet, and playwright,  often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama.
  • 1483

    Martin Luther is born

    He was a German priest, theologian, author, hymnwriter, and professor. A former Augustinian friar, he is best known as the seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation and the namesake of Lutheranism.
  • 1492

    Discovery of the Americas

    Christofer Columbus was the person who discovered America.
  • 1525

    Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

    He was an Italian composer of late Renaissance music. The central representative of the Roman School, with Orlande de Lassus and Tomás Luis de Victoria, Palestrina is considered the leading composer of late 16th-century Europe.
  • 1532

    Orlando di Lasso is born

    He was a composer of the late Renaissance. The chief representative of the mature polyphonic style in the Franco-Flemish school, Lassus stands with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Tomás Luis de Victoria as the leading composers of the later Renaissance.
  • 1532

    Andrea Gabrieli is born

    She was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.
  • 1544

    Maddalena Casulana is born

    She was an Italian composer, lutenist and singer of the late Renaissance.
  • 1547

    Miguel de Cervantes is born

    He was a Spanish writer widely regarded as the greatest writer in Spanish language. He is the creator of Don Quixote.
  • 1548

    Tomás Luis de Victoria is born

    He was the most famous Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He stands with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlande de Lassus as among the principal composers of the late Renaissance.
  • 1553

    Cristóbal de Morales is born

    He was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Tomás Luis de Victoria.
  • 1554

    Giovanni Gabrieli is born

    He was an Italian composer and organist. He was one of the most influential musicians of his time.
  • 1557

    Claudio Monteverdi is born

    He was an Italian composer, string player, choirmaster, and Catholic priest.
  • 1566

    Carlo Gesualdo is born

    He was Prince of Venosa and Count of Conza. As a composer he is known for writing madrigals and pieces of sacred music that use a chromatic language not heard again until the late 19th century.
  • Opera is created

    It's a form of theater in wich music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are taken by singers
  • Period: to


    It was a style of archictecture, music, dance, painting and sculpture.
  • Giacomo Carissimi is born

    He was an Italian composer and music teacher. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque.
  • Barbara Strozzi is born

    She was an Italian composer and singer of the Baroque Period. During her lifetime, Strozzi published eight volumes of her own music, and had more secular music in print than any other composer of the era.
  • Isaac Newton is born

    He was an English matematician, physicist, astronomer, alchemist, theologian and author. He is the person who discovered gravity.
  • Antoni Stradivari is born

    He as an Italian luthier and a craftsman of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas and harps. His instruments are considered some of the finest ever made, and are extremely valuable collector's items.
  • Henry Purcell is born

    He was an English composer. Although it incorporated Italian and French elements, Purcell's style of Baroque music was uniquely English.
  • Antonio Vivaldi is born

    He was an Italian composer, virtuoso violinist and impresario of Baroque music.He is regarded as one of the greatest Baroque composers.
  • George Philipp Telemann is born

    He was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist. Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family's wishes.
  • Georg Friedrich Händel was born

    He was a German-British Baroque composer well known for his operas, oratorios, anthems, concerti grossi, and organ concertos.
  • Johann Sebastian Bach is born

    He was a German composer and musician of the late Baroque period. He is known for his orchestral music ; instrumental compositions ; keyboard works organ works ; and vocal music.