Key Terms Research--Post War America

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    34th President of the United States. General of the United States Army during World War II and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe.
  • Ray Kroc

    He joined McDonald's in 1954 and built it into the most successful fast food operation in the world.
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    36th President of the United States. 37th Vice President of the United States under President John F. Kennedy
  • Richard Nixon

    37th President of the United States. Only U.S. president to resign the office.
  • John F. Kennedy

    35th president of the United States. Kennedy confronted mounting Cold War tensions in Cuba, Vietnam and elsewhere.
  • Betty Friedan

    American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the women's movement in the United States. Wrote a book in 1936 The Feminine Mystique.
  • Gary Powers

    American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission in Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.
  • Roy Benavidez

    Member of the United States Army Special Forces. Received the Medal of Honor for his valorous actions in combat near Lộc Ninh, South Vietnam on May 2, 1968
  • Abbie Hoffman

    Co-founded the Youth International Party.
  • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

    Created to investigate disloyalty and subversive organizations. Its first chairman, Martin Dies, set the pattern for its anti-Communist investigations.
  • Berlin Airlift

    A military operation that brought food and other needed goods into West Berlin by air after the government of East Germany, which at that time surrounded West Berlin had cut off its supply routes.
  • Rock n' Roll

    Is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s, from a combination of African-American genres such as blues, boogie-woogie, jump blues, jazz, and gospel music, together with Western swing
  • War Powers Act

    The War Powers Act of 1941, also known as the First War Powers Act, was an American emergency law that increased Federal power during World War II. The act was signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and put into law on December 18, 1941, less than two weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
  • Venona Papers

    To what extent some of the individuals named in the Venona papers were actually involved with Soviet intelligence is a topic of dispute.
  • Cold War

    A state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular. The state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990.
  • Baby Boom Generation

    Baby boomers are people born during the demographic post–World War II baby boom approximately between the years 1946 and 1964.
  • Truman Doctorine

    Principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection.
  • Containment Policy

    A United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by the Harry S. Truman administration, operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence.
  • Marshall Plan

    American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II.
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    Intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty. Founded by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
  • "McCarthyism"

    practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. It also means "the practice of making unfair allegations or using unfair investigative techniques, especially in order to restrict dissent or political criticism."
  • Space Race (Sputnik and Moon Landings)

    Space became a arena for the Cold War. Each side sought to prove the superiority of its technology, its military firepower and–by extension–its political-economic system.
  • Domino Theory

    Communist victory in one nation would quickly lead to a chain reaction of communist takeovers in neighboring states.
  • 1950s Prosperity

    Economy was great, and prosperity. People bought new cars, suburban houses and other consumer goods. White Fight wad a large-scale migration of people of various European ancestries from racially mixed urban regions to more racially homogeneous suburban or exurban regions.
  • Beatniks

    Media stereotype that displayed the more superficial aspects of the Beat Generation literary movement of the 1950s.
  • 1950s culture

    the 1950s were a very materialistic and money age, people were very happy in thier new cars and sububon homes.
  • Korean War

    The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
  • Rosenberg Trial

    A court case involving Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, an American couple who were executed in 1953 as spies for the Soviet Union. Some have argued that the Rosenbergs were innocent victims of McCarthy -era hysteria against communists or of anti-Semitism.
  • Interstate Highway Act

    The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act (was enacted on June 29, 1956, when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law.
  • 1960s culture

    n 1960, nearly half of America's population is under 18 years old. It's a young society, and the most affluent generation in U.S. history. People were all about war peace and exploring new things in thier body and culture.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs Invasion, 1961, an unsuccessful invasion of Cuba by Cuban exiles, supported by the U.S. government. On Apr. 17, 1961, an armed force of about 1,500 Cuban exiles landed in the Bahía de Cochinos (Bay of Pigs) on the south coast of Cuba.
  • Cuban MIssle Crisis

    A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba; one of the “hottest” periods of the cold war.
  • Great Society

    Domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Authorized President Johnson to take any measures he believed were necessary to retaliate and to promote the maintenance of international peace and security in southeast Asia.
  • Mdicaid

    Joint federal and state program that helps low-income individuals or families pay for the costs associated with long-term medical and custodial care, provided they qualify.
  • Anti-War Movement

    Movement against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began small–among peace activists and leftist intellectuals on college campuses–but gained national prominence in 1965, after the United States began bombing North Vietnam in earnest. Anti-war marches and other protests, such as the ones organized by Students for a Democratic Society (SDS), attracted a widening base of support over the next three years, peaking in early 1968 after the successful Tet Offensive by North Vietnamese troops prov
  • Medicare

    n July 1965, under the leadership of President Lyndon Johnson, Congress enacted Medicare under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide health insurance to people age 65 and older, regardless of income or medical history.
  • Miranda v. Arizona

    Miranda was arrested at his home and taken in custody to a police station where he was identified by the complaining witness. He was then interrogated by two police officers for two hours, which resulted in a signed, written confession. At trial, the oral and written confessions were presented to the jury. Miranda was found guilty of kidnapping and rape and was sentenced to 20-30 years imprisonment on each count. On appeal, the Supreme Court of Arizona held that Miranda’s constitutional rights w
  • Tet Offensive 1968

    Largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War, launched on January 30, 1968, by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese People's Army of Vietnam.
  • Vietnamization

    Vietnamization was a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to them an ever-increasing combat role, at the same time steadily reducing the number of U.S. combat troops."
  • Rust Belt and Sun Belt

    Rust Belt- "Manufacturing Belt", "Factory Belt" and "Steel Belt", this area prospered in the late 19th - 20th century with the US's booming steel and iron industries.
    Sun Belt- This area is characterized by being economically boosted by chemical, electronic, agricultural, aerospace, and oil industries, as well as weapons productions for military advancement projects.
  • 1970s Culture

    In the 1970s, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and political and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. The hippie culture continued into the early 1970s and faded towards the middle part of the decade, which involved opposition to the Vietnam War, opposition to nuclear weapons, the advocacy of world peace, and hostility to the authority of government and big business.
  • Vietnam War including the fall of Saigon 1975

    The surrender of Saigon was announced by the South Vietnamese president, the North Vietnamese Army took over Saigon with little resistance.
  • G.I. Bill

    Department of Veterans Affairs education benefit earned by members of Active Duty, Selected Reserve and National Guard Armed Forces and their families.
  • Domino Theory

    Communist victory in one nation would quickly lead to a chain reaction of communist takeovers in neighboring states.
  • 1980s Culture

    The 1980s were an angry time and people strated to turn against the governament. The 80s werent nearly as fun as the 60s and 70s and people were overall just miserable and angry.
  • Iron Curtain

    A "shield" of waepons and missles to separate the former Soviet bloc and the West prior to the decline of communism that followed the political events in eastern Europe in 1989.
  • Jonas Salk

    He discovered and developed the first successful polio vaccine.