Key Terms Research

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    Manifest Destiny

    A belive that it is our right from god to span America for sea to shining sea and that everything inbetween should be ours. This lead to mas western expansion and many deaths in the native American population.
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    Immigration and the American dream

    A almost constant stream of people from other countries comming to America hoping to make it here so that their children may have the chance to make it big in the wonderful country of the United States of America.
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    Urbanization and Idustrialization

    The rapid growth of major cities both in size and hieght, also the many diffrent inventions and innovations of diffrent machines and process in diffrent industries across the nation. This is the true birth of America at its finiest.
  • Homestead act

    Several United States federal laws that gave an applicant ownership of land, typically called a "homestead", at little or no cost. In the United States, this originally consisted of grants totaling 160 acres of unappropriated federal land within the boundaries of the public land states. An extension of the Homestead Principle in law, the United States Homestead Acts were initially proposed as an expression of the "Free Soil" policy of Northerners who wanted individual farmers to own and operate
  • Civil service reform

    A major issue in the late 19th century at the national level, and in the early 20th century at the state level. Proponents denounced the distribution of office by the winners of elections to their supporters as corrupt and inefficient. They demanded nonpartisan scientific methods and credential be used to select civil servants. The five important civil service reforms were the two Tenure of Office Acts of 1820 and 1867.
  • Ida B. Wells

    Having bought a first-class train ticket to Nashville, she was outraged when the train crew ordered her to move to the car for African Americans, and refused on principle. As she was forcibly removed from the train, she bit one of the men on the hand. Wells sued the railroad, winning a $500 settlement in a circuit court case. However, the decision was later overturned by the Tennessee Supre
  • Haymaker Riot

    The aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886, at Haymarket Square in Chicago. It began as a peaceful rally in support of workers striking for an eight-hour day and in reaction to the killing of several workers by the police, the previous day. An unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police as they acted to disperse the public meeting. The bomb blast and ensuing gunfire resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; sco
  • Clarence Darrow

    Lawyer Clarence Darrow moved to Chicago in 1887 and attempted to free the anarchists charged in the Haymarket Riot. In 1894 he defended Eugene V. Debs, arrested on a federal charge arising from the Pullman Strike. He also secured the acquittal of labor leader William D. Haywood for assassination charges, saved Richard Loeb and Nathan Leopold from the death penalty, and defended John T. Scopes.
  • Dawes Act

    Adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians. Those who accepted allotments and lived separately from the tribe would be granted United States citizenship. The Dawes Act was amended in 1891, and again in 1906 by the Burke Act.
  • Jane Addams

    Jane Addams and her friend Starr open one of the first settlesments in norht America and the first in Chicago. The named it the Hull House after the original buildings owner, this building gave care to the immigrants and poor population living in the Chicago area. As it grew the Hull house had more than 10 buildings and also had childcare.
  • Andrew Carnegie

    A man born in Scottland and had nothing to his name, came to America and went from rags to riches. As a child he worked in a cotton factory and worked his way up to division superintendent of the Pennsylvania Railroad. Then in his early 30s he gained his first fortune from so ventures he invested in, he then went on to enter the steel industry and became one of the biggest players of his time.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    Renowned as a gifted debater, William Jennings Bryan was elected to the U.S. Congress in 1890. Defeated for the U.S. Senate in 1894, he spent the next two years as editor of the Omaha World-Herald. In the 1896 presidential campaign, he travelled more than 18,000 miles through 27 states, but he lost to William McKinley. Bryan lost to McKinley again in 1900 and to William Howard Taft in 1908.
  • Eugene V. Debs

    Eugene called a boycott of the ARU against handling trains with Pullman cars, in what became the nationwide Pullman Strike, affecting most lines west of Detroit. To keep the mail running, President Grover Cleveland used the US army to break the strike. As a leader of the ARU, Debs was convicted of federal charges for defying a court injunction against the strike and served six months in prison. A true hero of the people willing to take a falll to protect their right.
  • Klondike Gold rush

    A migration by an estimated 100,000 prospectors to the Klondike region of the Yukon in north-western Canada between 1896 and 1899. Gold was discovered there on August 16, 1896 and, when news reached Seattle and San Francisco the following year, it triggered a stampede of prospectors. The journey proved too hard for many, and only between 30,000 and 40,000 arrived. Some became wealthy, but the majority went in vain and only around 4,000 struck gold.
  • Teddy Roosevelt

    With the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt at age 43, became the youngest President in the Nation's history. He brought new excitement and power to the presidency, as he fearlously led congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a stronger foreign policy. He had a veiw that the President as a "steward of the people" should take whatever action necessary for the public good.
  • Upton Sinclair publishes "The Jungle"

    Mr. Upton Sinclair wrote a book by the name of "The Jungle" that was published on this date. His book desribed the horrors of the meat-packing industries to the public. Sending a shock wave of disgust torwards the meat packing industries through America
  • Susan B. Anthony

    Susan was an American social reformer who was one of the biggest pivotal roles during women's sufferage movement. In 1852, they founded the New York Women's State Temperance Society after she was prevented from speaking at a temperance conference because she was a woman. She died on this this date from heart failure caused from Pneumonia.
  • Pure food and drug act

    The first of a series of significant consumer protection laws enacted by the Federal Government in the twentieth century and led to the creation of the Food and Drug Administration. Its main purpose was to ban foreign and interstate traffic in adulterated or mislabeled food and drug products, and it directed the U.S. Bureau of Chemistry to inspect products and refer offenders to prosecutors.
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    16th amendment

    The amendment within the Constitution that gives Congress the power to collect taxes on income without apportioning it among the states.
  • 17th Amendment

    Established direct election of United States Senators by popular vote. The amendment supersedes Article I, § 3, Clauses 1 and 2 of the Constitution, under which senators were elected by state legislatures. It also alters the procedure for filling vacancies in the Senate, allowing for state legislatures to permit their governors to make temporary appointments until a special election can be held.
  • 18th Amendment

    Effectively established the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring illegal the production, transport and sale of alcohol, though not the consumption or private possession. The separate Volstead Act set down methods of enforcing the Eighteenth Amendment, and defined which "intoxicating liquors" were prohibited, and which were excluded from prohibition.