Yalta ConferenceFebruary 4-11, 1945:
President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin met to discuss the war efforts against Germany and Japan and to try and settle issues
- The meeting of "the big three"
- The decisions were going to influence the future (plan to defeat Germany)
This took place in Crimea, Russia.
Berlin AirliftJune 24, 1948 to May 11, 1949:
Western Allies organised the Berlin airlift to carry supplies to the people in West Berlin.
- First crisis of the Cold War involving Berlin when Soviet forces blocked Allied areas.
This took place in Western Germany.
NATO was createdNATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organisation.
NATO is an alliance of 28 countries from North America and Europe committed to fulfilling the goals of the North Atlantic Treaty.
In response to threat posed by the Soviet Union
Signed in Washington D.C.
The Geneva AccordsThe Geneva Accords took place from April 26 to July 20, 1954.
This arranged a settlement which brought an end to the First Indochina War.
The decision was reached at the Geneva Conference.
This caused France to withdraw their troops from the region.
The Geneva Accords took place in Geneva, Switzerland.
Warsaw Pact SignedThe Warsaw Pact was a defense treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War.
This was the rival alliance of NATO
This was formally known as the Treaty of Friendship
The Warsaw Pact took place in Warsaw, Poland.
The Vietnam War
Launch of SputnikThe Soviet Union launched Sputnik into space, which had never been done before.
This also was a wake up call for America, proving that Russia was more advanced when it came to technology.
This took place in The Soviet Union.
U-2 IncidentU-2 (spy plane) was shot down while over the Soviet Union.
This was proof that America was spying on the Soviet Union
This raised tensions between America and the Soviet Union
This took place in the Soviet Union
Bay of PigsThe Bay of Pigs took place from April 17-19, 1961.
The Bay of Pigs invasion was when a CIA financed/trained group of Cuban refugees lands in Cuba and attempted to destroy the communist government of Fidel Castro. The attack was not successful.
This took place on the South Coast of Cuba
Berlin CrisisThe Berlin Crisis took place from June 4 to November, 1961.
Nikita Khrushchev had dissired for the western allies to leave West Berlin and proposed a peace treaty on Soviet terms. The Western allies did not want to give up their right of access to Berlin.Then all routes to get out of Western Berlinwere cut off, and troops were sent in. Eventually, the erlin wall was built around Berlin.
This took place in Berlin (especially Western).
The Berlin Wall
Cuban Missile CrisisThe Cuban Missile Crisis took place from October 14 to October 18, 1962.
when the Soviet Union began building missile sites in Cuba.
One of the most important confrontations of the Cold War.
Moment when the Cold War came closest to a nuclear war.
This took place in Cuba.
Moscow-Washington Hotline CreatedJohn F. Kennedy became the first U.S. president to have a direct phone line to the Kremlin in Moscow.
The hotline was designed to make communication between the president and Soviet primer easier.
This took place in Washington D.C. (The Pentagon) as well as the Kremlin in Moscow.
Kennedy AssassinationThe Kennedy Assassination took place in Dallas, Texas.
The President of the United States was murdered by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Gulf of Tonkin ResolutionThis allowed President Johnson to take measures he believed were necessary to maintain peace and security in southeast Asia.
This was in response to the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
This happened in the United States (Washington D.C.).
The Tet OffensiveThe Tet Offensive started January 30 and went to February 24, 1968.
70,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launched the Tet Offensive which was a series of attacks on more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.
This took place in South Vietnam.
Apollo 11 Moon LandingAmerican astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became the first humans ever to land on the moon.
This took place in outer space.
Richard Nixon Visits ChinaRichard Nixon met with Mao Zedong in Beijing in order to formally normalize relations between the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC).
This took place in Beijing.
SALT II SignedCarter and Soviet leader Brezhnev signed the SALT-II agreement. The SALT II agreement went over limitations and guidelines for nuclear weapons.
The SALT-II agreement was the result of many issues from the SALT-I treaty of 1972.
This took place in Vienna.
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
Invasion of Grenada
Berlin Wall FallsThe head of the East German Communist Party announced that citizens of the GDR could cross the border freely now, so the community tore the wall down.
This took place in East Berlin/West Berlin
Mikhail Gorbachev ElectedMikhail Gorbachev was elected as the new president of the Soviet Union.
He opened up the political process in the Soviet Union (changed the Soviet Union).
This happened in the Soviet Union.
The Soviet Union CollapsesGorbachev resigned and the remaining twelve republics emerged from the Soviet Union as independent post-Soviet states.
This occured in the Soviet Union.