J.P MORGAN

Timeline created by KasiHummel
  • J.P. Morgan was born

    J.P. Morgan was born
    -John Pierpont (JP) Morgan was born on April 17, 1837 in Hartford, Connecticut to parents Junius Spencer Morgan and Juliet Pierpont Morgan.
    -Morgan was born into a life of luxury, his banker father built JM Beebe, Morgan and Co., the largest dry goods exporter in Boston. Junius taught his son how to speak, act, and think like a banker throughout his childhood.
  • JP Morgan's entered the banking world

    In 1857, after going to college in Europe, JP Morgan returned to the US and he got a job working for the private banking house Duncan, Sherman and Company.
  • George Peabody & Company

    In 1860 he was appointed as the American agent and attorney for George Peabody & Company in which his father was a partner.
  • Morgan's 1st marriage

    Morgan's 1st marriage
    In 1861, he married Amelia Sturges, a.k.a. Mimi. She was said to be JP Morgan's only true love, but she died shortly into the married from tuberculosis.
  • Morgan's 2nd marriage - Frances Louisa Tracy

    Morgan's 2nd marriage - Frances Louisa Tracy
    -Morgan married Frances Louisa Tracy, known as Fanny on May 31, 1865. They had four children: Louisa Pierpont Morgan (1866–1946), John Pierpont Morgan (1867–1943), Juliet Pierpont Morgan (1870–1952) & Anne Tracy Morgan (1873–1952).
  • Drexel, Morgan and Co.

    Drexel, Morgan and Co.
    Morgan’s real breakthrough as an unstoppable financial force came in 1871, when he struck a deal with Anthony Drexel to open Drexel, Morgan and Co. (after Drexel’s death, it was shortened to Morgan and Co.). Within the year, the firm had moved to 23 Wall Street, which they had purchased for $1 million, making it the most expensive piece of real estate in the world at that time
  • Morgan helped refinance the Civil War debt

    1873, two years after the opening of Drexel, Morgan, he underwrote federal bonds worth $1400 million to help refinance the Civil War debt
  • Morgan helped fund the Military.

    Morgan helped fund the Military.
    When Congress adjourned without having adopted a budget to pay for the army, Morgan provided the War Department with $550,000 per month, which was to be disbursed throughout twelve centers around the nation, adding up to a total of about $2.5 million contributed to the army payroll – all of which was eventually paid back.
  • Electricity

    Electricity
    -In 1889, Morgan had underwritten the creation of an electrical energy and equipment company that was the merging of Thomas Edison’s original company and six others; it was known as Edison General Electric Co.
    -His house on Madison Avenue was the first electrically lit private residence in New York.
  • The Death of Morgan's father.

    Morgan's father died in 1890 he left George Peabody & Company to JP Morgan giving him important European connections and enabling him to run a large foreign reserve business. (This later became J.S. Morgan & Co)
  • JP Morgan helping out the government

    JP Morgan helping out the government
    In 1895, at the depths of the Panic of 1893, the Federal Treasury was nearly out of gold. President Grover Cleveland accepted Morgan's offer to join with the Rothschilds and supply the U.S. Treasury with 3.5 million ounces of gold to restore the treasury surplus in exchange for a 30-year bond issue. The episode saved the Treasury
  • The Newspaper

    The Newspaper
    In 1896, Adolph Simon Ochs, who owned the Chattanooga Times, secured financing from Morgan to purchase the financially struggling New York Times. It became the standard for American journalism by cutting prices, investing in news gathering, and insisting on the highest quality of writing and reporting.
  • JP Morgan "The King"

    By the beginning of the twentieth century, Morgan was unstoppable. He controlled 70 percent of the steel industry, one-fifth of all the corporations trading on the New York Stock Exchange, the three largest insurance companies in the country, and several banks other than Morgan Co. Morgan was known as "The King."
  • United States Steel

    United States Steel
    -The peak of Morgan’s business consolidation was in 1901, with the formation of United States Steel, the world’s first billion-dollar corporation.
    -At one time, U.S. Steel was the largest steel producer and largest corporation in the world.
    -In its first full year of operation, U.S. Steel made 67 percent of all the steel produced in the United States.
    --The federal government attempted to use federal antitrust laws to break up U.S. Steel in 1911, but that effort ultimately failed.
  • JP Morgan's Death

    JP Morgan's Death
    -Morgan died traveling abroad on March 31, 1913, just shy of his 76th birthday. He died in his sleep at the Grand Hotel in Rome, Italy. Flags on Wall Street flew at half-staff; the stock market closed for two hours when his body passed through
    -His remains were interred in the Cedar Hill Cemetery in Hartford, Connecticut. His son, J. P. Morgan, Jr., inherited the banking business.
    -Gemstone Morganite was named after him.
    -JPMorgan Chase is still the largest bank in the United States.
  • Railroad industry

    Railroad industry
    By the year 1900, Morgan controlled over one-sixth of the nation’s railroad industry, and he had consolidated the nation’s railroad network into six enormous systems that ran from New York City.