French naturalist, born on the 1st of August 1744, at Bazantin, a village of Picardy.
Timespan of Jean Baptiste Lamarck
His entire life
Entered Jesuit Seminary.
The young Lamarck entered the Jesuit seminary at Amiens around 1756.
Entered the army.
But not long after his father's death, Lamarck rode off to join the French army campaigning in Germany in the summer of 1761
Peace of the war.
After peace was declared in 1763, Lamarck spent five years on garrison duty in the south of France, until an accidental injury forced him to leave the army.
Flore Francaise published,
In 1778 his book on the plants of France, Flore Française, was published to great acclaim, in part thanks to the support of Buffon (Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon)
Elected to Academy of Sciences.
With Buffon’s support, Lamarck was elected to the Academy of Sciences in 1779.
Published three large Botanic volumes.
Between 1783 and 1792 Lamarck published three large botanical volumes for the Encyclopédie méthodique (“Methodical Encyclopaedia”), a massive publishing enterprise begun by French publisher Charles-Joseph Panckoucke in the late 18th century.
Recieved a Ttitle
Shortly after Buffon’s death in 1788, his successor, Flahault de la Billarderie, created a salaried position for Lamarck with the title of “botanist of the King and keeper of the King’s herbaria.”
Promoting other fields
In the 1790s he began promoting the broad theories of physics, chemistry, and meteorology that he had been nurturing for almost two decades.
Cofounded journal of natural history.
n 1792 he cofounded and coedited a short-lived journal of natural history, the Journal d’histoire naturelle.
Jardin du Roi chaanged to National Museum.
Lamarck’s career changed dramatically in 1793 when the former Jardin du Roi was transformed into the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (“National Museum of Natural History”).
By 1802 Lamarck had also introduced the term biology.
He also began thinking about Earth’s geologic history and developed notions that he would eventually publish under the title of Hydrogéologie (1802)
Published a series of books.
Lamarck published a series of books on invertebrate zoology and paleontology. Of these, Philosophie zoologique, published in 1809, most clearly states Lamarck's theories of evolution.
Starts loosing eyesight.
Most of Lamarck's life was a constant struggle against poverty; to make matters worse, he began to lose his sight around 1818, and spent his last years completely blind.
Published second volume of a book.
The first volume of Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans vertèbres was published in 1815, the second in 1822.
When he died, on December 28, 1829, he received a poor man's funeral (although his colleague Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire gave one of the orations) and was buried in a rented grave; after five years his body was removed, and no one now knows where his remains are.