Identify how the rise of vigilante justice (e.g., Ku Klux Klan), black codes, and Jim Crow laws impacted Tennessee and the nation.

  • Slavery in the United States

    Slavery in the United States
    Starting point of slavery in America, 20 enslaved Africans were brought to the Jamestown colony in Virginia. This would continue for many years.
  • Abolitionist Movement

    Abolitionist Movement
    A time period from around 1830 to the 1860s, former slaves (such as Fredrick Douglas) and white allies worked together to advocate for the eradication of slavery in the United States.
  • Civil War

    Civil War
    A war in the United States between the North and the South over slavery, and state's rights.
  • The 13th Amendment Passed

    The 13th Amendment Passed
    The 13th Amendment was passed by the Senate in 1864, the House of Representatives in 1865, and ratified by the states in 1865 as well. This amendment was to abolish slavery in the United States.
  • Black Codes

    Black Codes
    Black Codes were the first "laws" meant to disenfranchise newly freed American Americans. The goal of these racist codes were to ensure that African Americans could not find jobs, housing, and were made to make them feel like they did not belong in America.
  • Ku Klux Klan

    Ku Klux Klan
    The first first branch of the KKK was created in Pulaski Tennessee in 1865, it was formed as a private organization for former soldiers in the confederate army. This was/ is a hate group who viciously attacked, and lynched African Americans. They also destroyed their homes and vandalized their schools as a way of threatening African Americans to stay out of white people's way.
  • Jim Crow Laws

    Jim Crow Laws
    These were an extension of Black Codes. These were meant to segregate white and African Americans. These consisted of African American students had to attend a separate school from white children their age, African Americans had to attend a different church than white people, African Americans had to sit at the back of the bus, while white people sat at the front and if a white person needed their seat they were required to give it up. The KKK used violent acts if these laws were broken.