Literatura guia silenciosa de las

History of the English Literature

  • Period: 464 BCE to 1066 BCE

    OLD ENGLISH PERIOD

  • 731

    The Venerable Bede, in his monastery at Jarrow, completes his history of the English church and people

    The Venerable Bede, in his monastery at Jarrow, completes his history of the English church and people
  • 800

    Beowulf, the first great work of Germanic literature, mingles the legends of Scandinavia with the experience in England of Angles and Saxons

    Beowulf, the first great work of Germanic literature, mingles the legends of Scandinavia with the experience in England of Angles and Saxons
  • 950

    The material of the Eddas, taking shape in Iceland, derives from earlier sources in Norway, Britain and Burgundy

    The material of the Eddas, taking shape in Iceland, derives from earlier sources in Norway, Britain and Burgundy
  • Period: 1066 to 1500

    MIDDLE ENGLISH

  • 1300

    Duns Scotus, known as the Subtle Doctor in medieval times, later provides humanists with the name Dunsman or dunce

  • 1340

    William of Ockham advocates paring down arguments to their essentials, an approach later known as Ockham's Razor

    William of Ockham advocates paring down arguments to their essentials, an approach later known as Ockham's Razor
  • 1367

    A narrator who calls himself Will, and whose name may be Langland, begins the epic poem of Piers Plowman

    A narrator who calls himself Will, and whose name may be Langland, begins the epic poem of Piers Plowman
    One of four new yeomen of the chamber in Edward III's household is Geoffrey Chaucer
  • 1375

    The courtly poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight tells of a mysterious visitor to the round table of King Arthur

    The courtly poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight tells of a mysterious visitor to the round table of King Arthur
  • 1385

    Chaucer completes Troilus and Criseyde, his long poem about a legendary love affair in ancient Troy

    Chaucer completes Troilus and Criseyde, his long poem about a legendary love affair in ancient Troy
  • 1387

    Chaucer begins an ambitious scheme for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 by the time of his death

    Chaucer begins an ambitious scheme for 100 Canterbury Tales, of which he completes only 24 by the time of his death
  • 1469

    Thomas Malory, in gaol somewhere in England, compiles Morte d'Arthur – an English account of the French tales of King Arthur

    Thomas Malory, in gaol somewhere in England, compiles Morte d'Arthur – an English account of the French tales of King Arthur
  • Period: 1500 to

    ENGLISH RENAISSANCE

    We have the Elizabethan period, the Jacobean period and the Carolina period.
  • 1510

    Erasmus and Thomas More take the northern Renaissance in the direction of Christian humanism

    Erasmus and Thomas More take the northern Renaissance in the direction of Christian humanism
  • 1524

    William Tyndale studies in the university at Wittenberg and plans to translate the Bible into English

    William Tyndale studies in the university at Wittenberg and plans to translate the Bible into English
  • 1549

    The first version of the English prayer book, or Book of Common Prayer, is published with text by Thomas Cranmer

    The first version of the English prayer book, or Book of Common Prayer, is published with text by Thomas Cranmer
  • 1564

    Marlowe and Shakespeare are born in the same year, with Marlowe the older by two months

    Marlowe and Shakespeare are born in the same year, with Marlowe the older by two months
  • 1567

    The Book of Common Prayer and the New Testament are published in Welsh, to be followed by the complete Bible in 1588

    The Book of Common Prayer and the New Testament are published in Welsh, to be followed by the complete Bible in 1588
  • 1582

    The 18-year-old William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway in Stratford-upon-Avon

    The 18-year-old William Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway in Stratford-upon-Avon
  • Marlowe's first play, Tamburlaine the Great, introduces the swaggering blank verse of Elizabethan and Jacobean drama

    Marlowe's first play, Tamburlaine the Great, introduces the swaggering blank verse of Elizabethan and Jacobean drama
  • English poet Edmund Spenser celebrates the Protestant Elizabeth I as The Faerie Queene

    English poet Edmund Spenser celebrates the Protestant Elizabeth I as The Faerie Queene
  • After tentative beginnings in the three parts of Henry VI, Shakespeare achieves his first masterpiece on stage with Richard III

    After tentative beginnings in the three parts of Henry VI, Shakespeare achieves his first masterpiece on stage with Richard III
  • Shakespeare's central character in Hamlet expresses both the ideals of the Renaissance and the disillusion of a less confident age

    Shakespeare's central character in Hamlet expresses both the ideals of the Renaissance and the disillusion of a less confident age
  • James I commissions the Authorized version of the Bible, which is completed by forty-seven scholars in seven years

    James I commissions the Authorized version of the Bible, which is completed by forty-seven scholars in seven years
    William Shakespeare's name appears among the actors in a list of the King's Men
  • Ben Jonson writes The Masque of Blackness, the first of his many masques for the court of James I

    Ben Jonson writes The Masque of Blackness, the first of his many masques for the court of James I
  • The satirical voice of the English playwright Ben Jonson is heard to powerful effect in Volpone

    The satirical voice of the English playwright Ben Jonson is heard to powerful effect in Volpone
  • Shakespeare's sonnets, written ten years previously, are published

    Shakespeare's sonnets, written ten years previously, are published
  • Shakespeare's last completed play, The Tempest, is performed

    Shakespeare's last completed play, The Tempest, is performed
  • John Smith publishes A Description of New England, an account of his exploration of the region in 1614

    John Smith publishes A Description of New England, an account of his exploration of the region in 1614
    William Shakespeare dies at New Place, his home in Stratford-upon-Avon, and is buried in Holy Trinity Church
  • John Heminge and Henry Condell publish thirty-six Shakespeare plays in the First Folio

    John Heminge and Henry Condell publish thirty-six Shakespeare plays in the First Folio
  • George Herbert's only volume of poems, The Temple, is published posthumously

    George Herbert's only volume of poems, The Temple, is published posthumously
  • John Milton's Lycidas is published in memory of a Cambridge friend, Edward King

    John Milton's Lycidas is published in memory of a Cambridge friend, Edward King
  • The poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet are published in London under the title The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America

    The poems of Massachusetts author Anne Bradstreet are published in London under the title The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America
  • Devoted fisherman Izaak Walton publishes the classic work on the subject, The Compleat Angler

    Devoted fisherman Izaak Walton publishes the classic work on the subject, The Compleat Angler
  • Period: to

    PURITAN PERIOD

  • On the first day of the new year Samuel Pepys gets up late, eats the remains of the turkey and begins his diary

    On the first day of the new year Samuel Pepys gets up late, eats the remains of the turkey and begins his diary
  • Period: to

    RESTORATION AGE

  • Paradise Lost is published, earning its author John Milton just £10

    Paradise Lost is published, earning its author John Milton just £10
  • Samuel Pepys ends his diary, after only writing it for nine years

    Samuel Pepys ends his diary, after only writing it for nine years
  • Part I of The Pilgrim's Progress, written during John Bunyan's two spells in Bedford Gaol, is published and is immediately popular

    Part I of The Pilgrim's Progress, written during John Bunyan's two spells in Bedford Gaol, is published and is immediately popular
  • Aphra Behn's novel Oroonoko makes an early protest against the inhumanity of the African slave trade

    Aphra Behn's novel Oroonoko makes an early protest against the inhumanity of the African slave trade
  • John Locke publishes his Essay concerning Human Understanding, arguing that all knowledge is based on experience

    John Locke publishes his Essay concerning Human Understanding, arguing that all knowledge is based on experience
  • Period: to

    18TH CENTURY

    It is divided in two parts: Augustan age and Age of Sensibility.
  • The Augustan Age begins in English literature, claiming comparison with the equivalent flowering under Augustus Caesar

    The Augustan Age begins in English literature, claiming comparison with the equivalent flowering under Augustus Caesar
  • The Tatler launches a new style of journalism in Britain's coffee houses, followed two years later by the Spectator

    The Tatler launches a new style of journalism in Britain's coffee houses, followed two years later by the Spectator
  • Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, with its detailed realism, can be seen as the first English novel

    Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, with its detailed realism, can be seen as the first English novel
  • Jonathan Swift sends his hero on a series of bitterly satirical travels in Gulliver's Travels

    Jonathan Swift sends his hero on a series of bitterly satirical travels in Gulliver's Travels
  • Samuel Richardson's Clarissa begins the correspondence that grows into the longest novel in the English language

    Samuel Richardson's Clarissa begins the correspondence that grows into the longest novel in the English language
  • Samuel Johnson publishes his magisterial Dictionary of the English Language

    	 Samuel Johnson publishes his magisterial Dictionary of the English Language
  • A Society of Gentlemen in Scotland begins publication of the immensely successful Encyclopaedia Britannica

    A Society of Gentlemen in Scotland begins publication of the immensely successful Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • English historian Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

    English historian Edward Gibbon publishes the first volume of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
    Scottish economist Adam Smith analyzes the nature and causes of the Wealth of Nations
  • William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence, a volume of his poems with every page etched and illustrated by himself

    William Blake publishes Songs of Innocence, a volume of his poems with every page etched and illustrated by himself
    In his Principles Jeremy Bentham defines 'utility' as that which enhances pleasure and reduces pain
  • Period: to

    ROMANTICISM

    Here we fin de romantic poetry and romantic novel.
  • The first two cantos are published of Byron's largely autobiographical poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, bringing him immediate fame

    The first two cantos are published of Byron's largely autobiographical poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, bringing him immediate fame
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes probably his best-known poem, the sonnet Ozymandias

    Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes probably his best-known poem, the sonnet Ozymandias
  • English poet John Keats publishes Ode to a Nightingale, inspired by the bird's song in his Hampstead garden

    English poet John Keats publishes Ode to a Nightingale, inspired by the bird's song in his Hampstead garden
    English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley publishes Ode to the West Wind, written mainly in a wood near Florence
  • 24-year-old Charles Dickens begins monthly publication of his first work of fiction, Pickwick Papers (published in book form in 1837)

    24-year-old Charles Dickens begins monthly publication of his first work of fiction, Pickwick Papers (published in book form in 1837)
  • Period: to

    VICTORIAN PERIOD

  • Charles Dickens' first novel, Oliver Twist, begins monthly publication (in book form, 1838)

    Charles Dickens' first novel, Oliver Twist, begins monthly publication (in book form, 1838)
  • Ebenezer Scrooge mends his ways just in time in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol

    Ebenezer Scrooge mends his ways just in time in Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol
  • Friedrich Engels, after running a textile factory in Manchester, publishes The Condition of the Working Class in England

    	 Friedrich Engels, after running a textile factory in Manchester, publishes The Condition of the Working Class in England
  • English author William Makepeace Thackeray begins publication of his novel Vanity Fair in monthly parts (book form 1848)

    English author William Makepeace Thackeray begins publication of his novel Vanity Fair in monthly parts (book form 1848)
    Charlotte becomes the first of the Brontë sisters to have a novel published — Jane Eyre Emily Brontë's novel Wuthering Heights follows just two months after her sister Charlotte's Jane Eyre
  • Charles Darwin puts forward the theory of evolution in On the Origin of Species, the result of 20 years' research

    Charles Darwin puts forward the theory of evolution in On the Origin of Species, the result of 20 years' research
    In On Liberty John Stuart Mill makes the classic liberal case for the priority of the freedom of the individual Tennyson publishes the first part of Idylls of the King, a series of linked poems about Britain's mythical king Arthur. Charles Dickens publishes his French Revolution novel, A Tale of Two Cities. Edward FitzGerald publishes The Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám, romantic translations of the work of the Persian poet
  • Robert Louis Stevenson's adventure story, Treasure Island, features Long John Silver and Ben Gunn

    Robert Louis Stevenson's adventure story, Treasure Island, features Long John Silver and Ben Gunn
  • Robert Louis Stevenson introduces a dual personality in his novel The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    Robert Louis Stevenson introduces a dual personality in his novel The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
    Thomas Hardy publishes his novel The Mayor of Casterbridge, which begins with the future mayor, Michael Henchard selling his wife and child at a fair Joseph Conrad becomes naturalized as a British subject and continues his career at sea in the far East
  • Sherlock Holmes features in Conan Doyle's first novel, A Study in Scarlet

  • A Gaelic pressure group, the Highland Association, is founded to preserve the indigenous poetry and music of Scotland

    A Gaelic pressure group, the Highland Association, is founded to preserve the indigenous poetry and music of Scotland
    Oscar Wilde publishes his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray in which the ever-youthful hero's portrait grows old and ugly Thomas Hardy publishes his novel Tess of the Durbervilles, with a dramatic finale at Stonehenge
  • French-born artist and author George du Maurier publishes his novel Trilby

    French-born artist and author George du Maurier publishes his novel Trilby
    Rudyard Kipling's The Jungle Book surrounds the child Mowgli with a collection of vivid animal guardians
  • Somerset Maugham publishes his first novel, Liza of Lambeth, based on the London life he has observed as a medical student

    Somerset Maugham publishes his first novel, Liza of Lambeth, based on the London life he has observed as a medical student
    English author Bram Stoker publishes Dracula, his gothic tale of vampirism in Transylvania
  • Period: to

    MODERN LITERATURE

  • The Bloomsbury Group gathers for informal evenings at the family home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephens (later Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell)

    	 The Bloomsbury Group gathers for informal evenings at the family home of Virginia and Vanessa Stephens (later Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell)
    Oscar Wilde's De Profundis, a letter of recrimination written in Reading Gaol to Lord Alfred Douglas, is published posthumously H.G. Wells publishes Kipps: the story of a simple soul, a comic novel about a bumbling draper's assistant Bernard Shaw has two new plays opening in London in the same year, Major Barbara and Man and Superman Sir Percy Blakeney rescues aristocrats from the guillotine in Baroness Orczy's The Scarlet Pimpernel
  • Somerset Maugham publishes his semi-autobiographical novel Of Human Bondage

    Somerset Maugham publishes his semi-autobiographical novel Of Human Bondage
    The English writer Virginia Woolf publishes her first novel, The Voyage Out D.H. Lawrence's novel about the Brangwen family, The Rainbow, is seized by the police as an obscene work Secret agent Richard Hannay makes his first appearance in John Buchan's Thirty-Nine Steps Rupert Brooke's 1914 and Other Poems is published a few months after his death in Greece
  • Patrick Abercrombie publishes The Preservation of Rural England, calling for rural planning to prevent the encroachment of towns

    	 Patrick Abercrombie publishes The Preservation of Rural England, calling for rural planning to prevent the encroachment of towns
    T.E. Lawrence publishes privately his autobiographical Seven Pillars of Wisdom, describing his part in the Arab uprising Pooh, Piglet, Eeyore and the others make their first appearance in A.A. Milne's Winnie-the-Pooh Hugh MacDiarmid writes his long poem A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle in a revived version of the Lallans dialect of the Scottish borders
  • Virginia Woolf publishes the most fluid of her novels, The Waves, in which she tells the story through six interior monologues

    Virginia Woolf publishes the most fluid of her novels, The Waves, in which she tells the story through six interior monologues
  • Period: to

    POST MODERNS

  • The Amber Spyglass completes Philip Pullman's trilogy, His Dark Materials

    The Amber Spyglass completes Philip Pullman's trilogy, His Dark Materials
  • Period: to

    CONTEMPORARY