History of Short Films

  • Period: to

    FIlm History

  • Etienne-Jules Marey

    Invented a gun which was able to take a roll of film at 12 frames per second. This is considered as one of the starting points to moving image.
  • Louis Le Prince

    (DOB, 28 August 1842) He was an inventor who is considered by a lot of film historians as the true father of motion pictures, who shot the first moving pictures on paper film using a single lens camera.
    In October 1888, Le Prince filmed moving picture sequences Roundhay Garden Scene and a Leeds Bridge street scene using his single-lens camera and Eastman's paper film. These were several years before the work of competing inventors such as The Lumiere brothers.
  • Thomas Edison

    The very first films were presented to the public in 1894 through Thomas Edison’s Kinetoscope, a peepshow-like device for individual viewing.
  • Lumière brothers’

    The best-known film from this time is perhaps the Lumière brothers’ Arrival of a Train at La Ciotat (1895), which supposedly had audiences fleeing in terror as a locomotive hurtled towards them.
  • Le voyage dans la lune

    This is a 1902 French black-and-white silent science fiction film. It is based loosely on two popular novels of the time: Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon and H. G. Wells'. It was the first science fiction film, and uses innovative animation and special effects.
  • Edwin Stanton Porter

    Edwin was an American early film pioneer, most famous as a director with Thomas Edison's company. In 1903 he made his most important films which are Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery.
  • Charlie Chaplin

    In 1916, the Mutual Film Corporation paid Chaplin US$670,000 to produce a dozen two-reel comedies. He was given near complete artistic control, and produced twelve films over an eighteen-month period that rank among the most influential comedy films in all cinema. Of his Mutual comedies, the best known include: Easy Street, One A.M., The Pawnshop, and The Adventurer.
  • Long films

    Long films were rare before the 1920s so most were short films
  • Luis Bunel

    Bunel co-wrote and directed a 16-minute short film, Un chien andalou, with Dali. The film was popular amongst French Surrealists and is now still regularly shown in film groups.
  • Venice film festival

    The first major film festival was held in Venice in 1932
  • (DOB) François Truffaut

    He started his own film club in 1948.
    After having been a critic, Truffaut decided to make films of his own. He started out with the short film Une Visite in 1955 and followed that up with Les Mistons in 1957. After seeing Orson Welles' Touch of Evil at the Expo 58, he was inspired to make his feature film debut Les Quatre Cent Coups (The 400 Blows).
  • French New Wave

    French new wave was a group of film makers who made an imapct on short films by experimenting with editing and visual style.
  • Boy and Bicycle

    The black and white short was made on 16mm film while Scott was a photography student at the Royal College of Art in London in 1962. Although a very early work - Scott would not direct his first feature for another 15 years - the film is significant in that it features a number of visual elements that would be become motifs of Scott's work.
  • MTV

    MTV has created an outlet for short film makers through music videos.
  • YouTube

    YouTube is a video sharing website, founded on 14th Feburary 2005.
    This gave amatuer short film makes a platform to present their creations to the wider world. It makes the distribution of these short films much easier for amatuers.