History of Photography

  • 384

    Camera Obscura

    Camera Obscura
    A camera obscura is a device that led to photography and the camera. The device consists of a box or room with a hole in one side.
  • Period: 385 to

    History of Photography

  • Thomas Wedgewood

    Thomas Wedgewood
    Wedgwood is the first person documented to have used light-sensitive chemicals to take silhouette images on media such as paper, and the first known to have attempted to photograph the image formed in a camera obscura.
  • Nicéphore Niépce

    Nicéphore Niépce
    Nicéphore Niépce was a French inventor, now usually credited as the inventor of photography and a pioneer in that field.Niépce developed heliography, a technique he used to create the world's oldest surviving product of a photographic process.
  • Period: to

    History of Photography

  • First Permanent Picture

    First Permanent Picture
    Joseph Nicephore created the first image using a camera obscura. He burns an image of his French estate onto a chemical- coated pewter dish. He names this technique heliography.
  • First Photo of a Person

    First Photo of a Person
    French painter and chemist Louis Daguerre photographed a street scene from Paris using his newly devleoped method. Long exposure time means people who are moving will not show up, but people standing still will show up.
  • Daguerrotype Era Begins

    Daguerrotype Era Begins
    The Daguerrotype process becomes hugely popular, and many photographeres begin using this method.
  • First Photo of the Sun

    First Photo of the Sun
    Using Daguerrotype, French phhysicists Louis Fizeau and Leon Foucault took the first successful image of the sun,
  • Calotype

    Calotype
    Calotype or talbotype is an early photographic process introduced in 1841 by William Henry Fox Talbot, using paper coated with silver iodide.
  • First Photos of War

    First Photos of War
    During the Mexican-American War, Charles J, Betts follows the American army into Mexico and photographs images of the dead and wounded.
  • First Positive Photographic Prints on Paper

    First Positive Photographic Prints on Paper
    Louis Desire Blanquart-Evrard invents a type of photo paper using salt, egg whites, and silver nitrates. The paper allows a positive image without the need for developement. His invention makes photography available to amateurs.
  • First Birds-Eye View Photo

    First Birds-Eye View Photo
    Felix Tournachon combines his interests of photography and aeronautics and takes the first aerial picture of Paris by typing the camera to a tethered balloon. However, the photo is eventually lost. The first surviving aerial picture i taken by James Wallace Black. He ascends 1200 feet in a hot air ballon and takes several shots of the city.
  • Mathew Brady

    Mathew Brady
    Mathew B. Brady (May 18, 1822 – January 15, 1896) was one of the first American photographers, best known for his scenes of the Civil War.
  • First Color Picture

    First Color Picture
    Clerk Maxwell creates a color by layering 3 black and white pictures between green, and yellow filters.His image of a multicolored ribbon is the first image to prove his method.
  • James Clerk-Maxwell

    James Clerk-Maxwell
    Maxwell contributed to the field of optics and the study of colour vision, creating the foundation for practical colour photography. He is well-known for presenting the first durable colour photograph in 1861.
  • Jim O'Sullivan

    Jim O'Sullivan
    Timothy H. O'Sullivan was a photographer widely known for his work related to the American Civil War and the Western United States.
  • Dry Plate Process

    Dry Plate Process
    R.L. Maddox, looking for an easier way to develop pictures than the current wet-plate method, creates a dry-plate with silver bromide and gelatin. This simpler process surther opens photography to amateurs.
  • First Action Photos

    First Action Photos
    Eadweard Muybridge, using a new method of instantaneous photography, takes multiple shots of a galloping horse.
  • Alfred Stieglitiz

    Alfred Stieglitiz
    Alfred Stieglitz was an American photographer and modern art promoter who was instrumental over his fifty-year career in making photography an accepted art form.
  • First Kodak Camera is Released

    First Kodak Camera is Released
    George Eastman releases the first Kodak camera, which comes preloaded with 100 photos worth of film.
  • National Geographic Society is Founded

    National Geographic Society is Founded
    33 explorers, scientists, and scholars meet in Washington DC and create a "society for the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge". Two weeks later they appoint Gardiner Greene Hubbard as president and National Geographic is born.
  • The Brownie Camera

    The Brownie Camera
    A Brownie Camera is the name of a series of simple and inexpensive cameras made by Eastman Kodak. It popularized low-cost photography and introduced the concept of the snapshot. The first Brownie, introduced in February 1900, was a very basic cardboard box camera with a simple lens that took 2¼-inch square pictures on 117 rollfilm. With its simple controls and initial price of $1, it was intended to be a camera that anyone could afford.
  • Henri Cartier-Bresson

    Henri Cartier-Bresson
    Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French photographer considered to be the father of photojournalism. He was the master of candid photography and an early user of 35 mm film. He helped develop the street photography style.
  • First Underground Picture

    First Underground Picture
    The Dome Room in New Mexico's Carlsbad Cavern was the location of the first underground picture. It was published in the September 1925 issue of the Nat. Geo. Magazine.
  • Andre Kertesz

    Andre Kertesz
    André Kertész was a Hungarian-born photographer known for his groundbreaking contributions to photographic composition and the photo essay.
  • First Underwater Photography

    First Underwater Photography
    William Longley and Charles Martin used an autochrome camera and explosive magnesium flash powder to illuminate the lake. It was published in the January 1927 issue of the magazine.
  • Electric Flash

    Electric Flash
    American engineer Harold Edgerton invents a stroboscopic light. It allows a photographer to clear images of fast-moving subjects. It also opens up new ideas in the science world.
  • Straight Photography

    Straight Photography
    Straight photography refers to photography that attempts to depict a scene as realistically and objectively as possible, eliminating the use of manipulation. Paul Strand is a famous photographer well-know for creating this type of photography.
  • KodaChrome Developed

    KodaChrome Developed
    Kodak releases the first 35-mm film for still photos. For most of the 20th century, using this was the standard.
  • First High-Speed Photography Images

    First High-Speed Photography Images
    Harold Edgerton perfects high-speed stroboscopic photography and manages to freeze the film at certain points.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea Lange
    Dorothea Lange was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work. Lange's photographs emphasized the issues of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography.
  • First Photo Taken From Space

    First Photo Taken From Space
    Researchers at Johns Hopkins Univeresity strap a 35 millimeter camera to German V2 missile and launch it innto space.
  • Polaroid Camera

    Polaroid Camera
    Edwin H. Land invents the Polaroid camera. This camera allows the pictures to be printed and shown as soon the photograph is taken.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    Photographt greatly influenced the aftermath of President JFK's death. Many pictures and videos were brought to American televisions, never done before.
  • Polaroid Releases First Color Instant Film

    Polaroid Releases First Color Instant Film
    Polaroid introduces PolaColor, the first instant camera to produce color photos.
  • First View of the Moon From the Earth

    First View of the Moon From the Earth
    The first image of the moon from earth was taken by Lunar Orbiter 1.
  • "Blue Marble" Earth Photo Taken

    "Blue Marble" Earth Photo Taken
    This picture was taken as the Apollo 17 crew left Earth's orbit. They had a perfectly clear view due to the sun's position.
  • First Digital Camera

    First Digital Camera
    Steven Sasson, an engineer for Kodak creates the first digital camera.
  • First Surface Shot or Mars

    First Surface Shot or Mars
    Spacecraft Viking 1 captured the very first image of the surface of Mars.
  • Sandy Skoglund

    Sandy Skoglund
    Sandy Skoglund is an American photographer and installation artist. Skoglund creates surrealist images by building elaborate sets, furnishing them with carefully selected colored furniture and other objects, a process of which takes her months to complete.
  • William Wegman

    William Wegman
    William Wegman is an artist best known for creating series of compositions involving dogs, primarily his own Weimaraners in various costumes and poses.
  • Discovery of the Titanic

    Discovery of the Titanic
    Emory Kristoff and Robert Ballard, using sonar and unmanned submersibles, find the wreck under 12,000 feet of water.
  • Canon EOS

    Canon EOS
    Canon EOS (Electro-Optical System) is an autofocus single-lens reflex camera (SLR) camera series produced by Canon Inc..
  • First Commercial Digital Still Camera

    First Commercial Digital Still Camera
    Kodak releases the first camera of its kind. However, it is extremely expensive and for professional use only.
  • Crittercam

    Crittercam
    Greg Marshall, an inventor/filmmaker creates the first camera to give scientists a rare look from an animal's point of view.
  • Web Photo Standards Established

    Web Photo Standards Established
    The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG), come together to set the standards for viewing images on the web, which is 64 KB/sec.
  • Adobe Photoshop is Released

    Adobe Photoshop is Released
    Adobe Systems releases its firsts digital-image editing program, Photoshop 1.0. The original program was developed by brothers John and Thomas Knoll.
  • Smartphone

    Smartphone
    A smartphone (or smart phone) is a mobile phone with an operating system. Later smartphones include touchscreen interface, broadband internet, web browsing, Wi-Fi, 3rd-party apps, motion sensors and mobile payment mechanisms.
  • First Camera Phone

    First Camera Phone
    Japanese electronics firm, Sharp, introduces the J-Phone. This is the first phone to have a built-in image sensor for taking pictures.
  • Kodak Ceases the Production of Film Cameras

    Kodak Ceases the Production of Film Cameras
    Since people were buying more digital cameras than fiml, Kodak declares that they will stop producing more 35-mm cameras.
  • Instagram

    Instagram
    Instagram is an online mobile photo-sharing, video-sharing and social networking service that enables its users to take pictures and videos, and share them on a variety of social networking platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr and Flickr.
  • Fox Talbot

    Fox Talbot
    William Henry Fox Talbot was a British inventor and photography pioneer who invented the calotype process
  • Lee Friedlander

    Lee Friedlander
    Lee Friedlander is an American photographer and artist. In the 1960s and 70s, Friedlander changed an important and often generic visual language of urban "social landscape".