History of Music and Technology

Timeline created by JayWatz
In Music
  • - Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph line -- providing fast, coast-to-coast communications during the U.S. Civil War.

    - Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph line -- providing fast,             coast-to-coast communications during the U.S. Civil War.
  • - Emile Berliner invents the flat record player ("gramophone") using acoustic horn and licenses technology to record companies who make "70-rpm" disks

    - Emile Berliner invents the flat record player ("gramophone") using acoustic horn            and licenses technology to record companies who make "70-rpm" disks
  • - Edison invents the cylinder "phonograph" used to record and playback sound. Originally thought to be useful as a business machine for dictation (like the dictaphone which would come later.) Other uses: recordings of plays pre-dating

    - Edison invents the cylinder "phonograph" used to record and playback sound. Originally           thought to be useful as a business machine for dictation (like the dictaphone which would            come later.) Other uses: recordings of plays pre-dating
  • 1877 - Emile Berliner invents the first microphone and sells the rights to Bell Telephone

    1877 - Emile Berliner invents the first microphone and sells the rights to Bell Telephone
  • Danish inventor Valdemar Poulson invents magnetic wire sound recording

    Danish inventor Valdemar Poulson invents magnetic wire sound recording
  • Louis Glass invents the modern jukebox (coin-operated phonograph) and installs it at the "Palais Royal" saloon in San Francisco where it is an immediate hit.

    Louis Glass invents the modern jukebox (coin-operated phonograph) and installs           it at the "Palais Royal" saloon in San Francisco where it is an immediate hit.
  • Popular music becomes a serious business; Music Publishers begin renting office space on 28th street in New York City, near vaudeville theatres in an area that would become known worldwide as "Tin Pan Alley."

    Popular music becomes a serious business; Music Publishers begin renting            office space on 28th street in New York City, near vaudeville theatres in an            area that would become known worldwide as "Tin Pan Alley."
  • An orchestra is used with (silent) motion pictures for the first time in April in London

    An orchestra is used with (silent) motion pictures for the first time in April in London
  • Shellac gramophone disks developed by Emile Berliner - speeds will vary on discs issued by companies in different countries (80 rpm was used on some British recordings)

    Shellac gramophone disks developed by Emile Berliner - speeds will vary on discs           issued by companies in different countries (80 rpm was used on some British recordings)
  • - British scientist Joseph John Thompson discovers the electron particle within cathode rays

    - British scientist Joseph John Thompson discovers the electron particle within cathode rays
  • - Eldredge Johnson perfects first system of mass duplication of pre-recorded flat disks.

    - Eldredge Johnson perfects first system of mass duplication of pre-recorded flat disks.
  • - "The Electric Theater" in Los Angeles is opened by Thomas L. Tally: the first Nickelodeon, a multimedia movie palace, that spawned imitators nationwide;

    - "The Electric Theater" in Los Angeles is opened by Thomas L. Tally: the           first Nickelodeon, a multimedia movie palace, that spawned imitators nationwide;
  • The first double-sided phonograph records are introduced by Columbia. Soon its competitors follow suit; Prior to this time, all records had sound only on one side; the back side was a blank (un-grooved) side.

    The first double-sided phonograph records are introduced by Columbia. Soon its            competitors follow suit; Prior to this time, all records had sound only on one side;            the back side was a blank (un-grooved) side.
  • - Disk recordings overtake cylinders in the popular market. Columbia drops cylinders

    - Disk recordings overtake cylinders in the popular market. Columbia drops cylinders
  • - Edison Co. finally introduces a disk player, now that the cylinder market is gone

    - Edison Co. finally introduces a disk player, now that the cylinder market is gone
  • Western Union introduces the first consumer charge card.

    Western Union introduces the first consumer charge card.
  • ASCAP formed to collect public performance royalties for Composers, Authors and Publishers; Composer Victor Herbert is its first president.

    ASCAP formed to collect public performance royalties for Composers, Authors and           Publishers; Composer Victor Herbert is its first president.
  • The first automatic "record changer" turntable is patented for a stack of 78's

    The first automatic "record changer" turntable is patented for a stack of 78's
  • Western Union introduces teletypewriters, joining branches and individual companies

    Western Union introduces teletypewriters, joining branches and individual companies
  • - Electrical records replace acoustic discs, via a process developed by Western Electric.

    - Electrical records replace acoustic discs, via a process developed by Western Electric.