History of Modern Tourism: The Sublime and Beautiful

  • Period: 130 to 200

    Galen of Pergamon

    Greek medical theorist, who left a long legacy of ideas.
  • Period: 1304 to 1374

    Francesco Petrarch

    Renaissance Poet
  • 1336

    Francesco Petrarch climbs Mont Ventoux

    Francesco Petrarch climbs Mont Ventoux
    Mont Ventoux (a barren, almost lunar-like peak in the center of France)
    "solely from the desire to see [the mountain's] conspicuous height"
  • Period: to

    Jan van Goyen, artist

    He was intrigued by man's relationship to the sea. His paintings showed workers busily employed on a sandy beach. He also painted the shore from various angles by being on a ship. He made a self portait while being at the beach.
  • Period: to

    James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh

  • Period: to

    Thomas Burnet

  • Period: to

    Dutch Artists

    They became popular and other painters throughout Europe, including England started to follow their concept of paintings of the ocean/sea scenery.
  • James Ussher, Archbishop

    James Ussher, Archbishop
  • Grand Tour

    Grand Tour
    1st flourished
  • Thomas Burnet, a theologian

    Thomas Burnet, a theologian
  • Telluris Theoria Sacra (Latin Version)

    Telluris Theoria Sacra (Latin Version)
    book: [Sacred Theory of the Earth]
  • Sacred -theory of the Earth (English Version)

    Sacred -theory of the Earth (English Version)
    book
  • Period: to

    Dr. Samuel Johnson

  • Period: to

    James Hutton

  • Period: to

    Edmund Burke

  • Period: to

    Sir Richard Hill

    "A Shropshire landowner, dug out a 2-mile long lake, focused attention on a "300-foot high white sandstone outcrop," and constructed an elaborate grotto along with caves..." (p.39 in A History of Modern Tourism)
  • Glaciers visited

    Glaciers visited
    Europeans on their Grand Tours began climbing higher in the mountains to see the glaciers.
  • Period: to

    James Boswell

    Dr. Johnson's travelling companion & biographer
  • Period: to

    Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon

  • London Population

    only town in UK with a population of 50, 000
  • A Vindication of Natural Society

    A Vindication of Natural Society
    1st essay of Edmund Burke
  • Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful

    Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful
    This paper was written by Edmund Burke
  • Period: to

    William Wordsworth

    major English Romantic poet
  • Period: to

    Ludwig van Beethoven, composer

    He attempted to capture the environment orchestrally. e.g. His 6th symphony the "Pastoral", evoke nature in music.
  • Period: to

    Dorothy Wordsworth

  • Period: to

    Sir Walter Scott

  • Period: to

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge

  • Period: to

    Caspar David Friedrich

    Painted "The Wanderer Above the Sea Fog"
  • Mont Blanc

    Mont Blanc
    Western Europe's highest mountain was 1st climbed.
  • Reflections on the Revolution in France

    Reflections on the Revolution in France
    Essay written by Edmund Burke
  • Period: to

    Charles Lyell

  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge's hiking trip

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge's hiking trip
  • Coleridge ventured onto Sca Fell

    Coleridge ventured onto Sca Fell
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge trip to Scotland cut short

    Samuel Taylor Coleridge trip to Scotland cut short
  • Period: to

    Charles Darwin, a scientist

  • Period: to

    Felix Mendelssohn, composer

    Travelled to Scotland and he composed the "Scottish Symphony" & "Hebrides Overtures", which both reflect on the sublime character of the Scottish Highlands & Islands.
  • Period: to

    Albert Smith

    journalist
  • Period: to

    Karl Marx

    He was concerned with the living conditions of the workers.
  • Period: to

    Friedrich Engels

    He was concerned with the living conditions of the workers.
  • The Principles of Geology: An Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface by Reference to Causes Now in Operation

    The Principles of Geology: An Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface by Reference to Causes Now in Operation
  • Charles Darwin's journey to Chile

    Charles Darwin's journey to Chile
  • The Voyage of the Beagle

    The Voyage of the Beagle
    Written by Charles Darwin and it was hit among the readers.
  • Population of cities in UK

    29 cities with a population of 50,000
  • Albert Smith & company

    Albert Smith & company
    Albert Smith reached the top of Mont Blanc along with 3 Oxford students and 16 guides.
  • World's 1st climbing cub

    World's 1st climbing cub
    London - comprised of respectable men, lawyers, businessmen, teachers, civil servants, and churchmen.
  • Origins of Species

    Origins of Species
    written by Charles Darwin
  • Period: to

    Clubs being formed

    This took place throughout Europe and these clubs similar to the 1st climbing club.