Oct 12, 1492
South America's colonizationColumbus left Castile in August 1492 with three ships, and made landfall in the Americas on 12 October.
Independence from Spain and PortugalMost of Latin America declared independence from Spain in 1810. By 1825, Mexico, Central America, and South America were free, soon to be followed by Brazil. Spanish rule in the Americas ended in 1898.
Extinction of the Red-throated wood railThe red-throated wood rail is a disputed species of bird in the family Rallidae. It was endemic to Peru and became extinct due to habitat loss some time in the 20th century.
Construction of the Panama CanalPresident Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal—a trans-isthmian canal. Throughout the 1800s, American and British leaders and businessmen wanted to ship goods quickly and cheaply between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts.
The Mexican RevolutionIts outbreak in 1910 resulted from the increasing unpopularity of the 31-year-long regime of Porfirio Díaz and the regime's failure to find a controlled solution to presidential succession. This armed conflict is often characterized as the most important sociopolitical event in Mexico and one of the greatest upheavals of the 20th century.
The Cuban Revolutionconducted by Fidel Castro against the authoritarian government of Cuban president Fulgencio Batista. It established Castro's communist rule.
Operation CondorIt was a United States-backed campaign of political repression and state terror involving intelligence operations and assassination of opponents, officially and formally implemented in November 1975 by the right-wing dictatorships of the Southern Cone of South America.
The Mexico City earthquakeIt struck in the early morning of September 19th at 07:17:50, with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a maximal Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The event caused serious damage to the Greater Mexico City area and the deaths of at least 5,000 people.
Pablo Escobar's deathSixteen months after his escape from La Catedral, Pablo Escobar died in a shootout on 2 December 1993, amid another of his attempts to elude the Search Bloc.
Fires on the Amazon rainforestFrom the Amazon to the Pantanal, the environmental heritage of all Brazilians is turning to ashes. The seriousness of the situation is, above all, a reflection of the Bolsonaro government’s anti-environmental policy.