Film History Timeline

  • Celluloid Film

    Celluloid Film
    Celluloid film was developed in 1889. It is a strip of transparent film base with a plastic coating. At first, it was used for photography and was later used for shooting and distributing motion pictures.
  • The Kinetoscope

    The Kinetoscope
    The kinetoscope allows for flims to be viewed by one individual at a a time by a peephole on the device. The device was invented by Thomas Edison and William Dickson. In the peephole, a strip of film passed between the lens to create the illusion of motion.
  • International Distribution

    International Distribution
    Le Voyage Dans La Lune, which means "a trip to the moon", was the first film to achieve international distribution. Although this was mainly through piracy, the film was an enormous success. This established fiction film as the cinema's mainstream project.
  • Hollywood

    In 1910, film companies began to move to an area later known as Hollywood. It is a neighborhood in the central region of Los Angeles, California. The name now represents the American film industry.
  • Talkies

    The first film presented as a talkie, which is a film with sound, was The Jazz Singer. This idea was originally thought to be a fail that the audience would not except, but the film became a major hit. Talkies soon became the standard for films.
  • Color In Film

    Color In Film
    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz was one of the first films with color. The movie was filmed with Technicolor, a process through which a motion picture camera recorded the same scenes through colored filters on three different strips of film. Unfortunately, because Technicolor was so expensive, the movie did not make a profit until the 1949 re-release.
  • Animated Film to Win Academy Award

    Animated Film to Win Academy Award
    The movie Pinocchio was the first animated film to win a competitive Academy Award. The movie won best music and original score. The movie was also the second full feature film that Disney released.
  • CGI

    CGI is the creation of still or animated visual content with computer software. The first film that used CGI was Vertigo. Back then, the process was done with repurposed mechanical computers that created patterns onto animation cels which were then incorporated into feature films.
  • G-Rated Movie to Win Best Picture

    G-Rated Movie to Win Best Picture
    Oliver! was the first G-rated movie to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. This movie was based on Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist. Oliver! was also a British Musical.
  • Blockbusters

    A blockbuster is a movie that is highly popular and financially successful. The first blockbuster movie was Jaws, which was the first film that earned more than 100 million dollars at the box office. This started the blockbuster era for many movies to come.
  • PG-13

    The PG-13 movie rating was introduced to the US in 1984. This was to accommodate between PG and R rated films. This was due to the controversies surrounding the violent content in PG films.
  • Computer Animation

    Computer Animation
    In 1995, Toy Story became one of the first feature length film to be completely computer animated. This inspired filmmakers to achieve new visuals for films. This also led to the rise of independent cinemas and studios.