Faxian and The Silk Road

Timeline created by njie-mitchellm
  • 374

    Faxian: Born

    Faxian: Born
    Faxian was born in the Shaanxi Province and was originally named Sehi.
  • 377

    Faxian: Childhood

    Faxian: Childhood
    At age 3, Faxian went to live in a Buhhdist monastery.
  • 384

    Faxian: Childhood

    Faxian: Childhood
    When Faxian was 10, his father died.
  • 394

    Faxian: Young Adult

    Faxian: Young Adult
    At age 20, Faxian became an official monk.
  • 399

    Faxian: Journey

    Faxian: Journey
    At 25, he traveled to India to bring back original manuscripts in order to make accurate translations.
  • 400

    Faxian: Journey

    Faxian: Journey
    It took him 25 days to go to the caravan town of yarkland
  • 401

    Xi'an (Ch'ang-gan)

    Xi'an (Ch'ang-gan)
    He started his journey in the year 399 and traveled across North China via the cities of Xi'an and Xining.
  • 402

    Lanzhou (Lan Chow)

    Lanzhou (Lan Chow)
    Summer retreat
  • 403

    Dunhuang

    Dunhuang
    Cave of a thousand Budhhas
  • 404

    Loulan

    Loulan
    Ruins of Loulan, lost in the sand
    Faxian stayed a moth before crossing the dessert
  • 405

    Talahmakan desert

    Talahmakan desert
    "There is not a bird to be seen in the air above, nor an animal on the ground below. Though you look all round most earnestly to find where you can cross, you know not where to make your choice, the only mark and indication being the dry bones of the dead (left upon the sand)." -Faxian
  • 406

    Kucha

    Kucha
    After 15 days on foot he get to what today is Kucha
    About 4,00 monks, despicable living conditions
  • 407

    Hotan (Khotan)

    Hotan (Khotan)
    Meili Kawat Ruins of Hotan
    He went along the south side of the Nan Shan Mountains to dunhuang and Makan desert to the Buddhist kingdom of Khotan centered on the present-day town of hetian.
  • 408

    Tashkurgan

    Tashkurgan
    He stayed in the local monastery of more than a thousand monks for 15 days before continuing his journey
  • 409

    Skardo

    Skardo
    Faxian travelled extensively for nearly three months throughout the region
  • 410

    Darada

    Darada
    he followed a difficult route through the Pamir Mountains
    Then Faxian headed to the headwaters of the Indus River.
  • 411

    Swat Valley

    Swat Valley
    "The way was difficult and rugged, (running along) a bank exceedingly precipitous, which rose up there, a hill-like wall of rock . . . When one approaches the edge of it, his eyes become unsteady; and if he wished to go forward in the same direction, there was no place on which he could place his foot; and beneath where the waters of the river called the Indus."- Faxian
  • 412

    Gandhara

    Gandhara
    After crossing the Indus River Faian when on to Gandhara
    According to his thi dome, stupa used to be plate with gold and silver
  • 413

    Taxila

    Taxila
    Faxian visited more stupas in Taxila an 8 day journey
  • 414

    Peshawar

    Peshawar
    Faxian arrives in the kingdom on Peshawar and leaves the companions he was travelling with for a while, from here he walks alone
  • 415

    Hilda

    Hilda
    Here Faxian says to have seen the flat-bone of Buddha's skull.
    This is said to be the same and is now workshipped as a sacred relic to some
  • 416

    Nagara

    Nagara
    In the midst of the city there is also the tope of Buddha's tooth, where offerings are made in the same way as to the flat-bone of his skull.
    This is the modern-day entrance to the shrine for the relic
  • 417

    Bannu

    Bannu
    Faxian lost a new companion to the "snowy little peaks" before arriving in Bannu
    The Koh Range
  • 418

    Mathura (Muttra)

    Mathura (Muttra)
    "level plain... there are no large hills with streams (among them); there are simply the waters of the rivers"-Faxian
  • 419

    Sankissa

    Sankissa
    He spent some time with a monastery of about 700 monks
    Modern day monastery
  • 420

    Kannauj

    Kannauj
    " on the northern bank of the Ganges, is a place where Buddha preached the Law to his disciples"-Faxian
  • 422

    Summary of frequent stops as he was heading for sea

    Summary of frequent stops as he was heading for sea
    Ayodhya
    Sravasti
    Kapilavastu
    Kushinagar
    Vaishali
    Patna
    Varanasi
  • 423

    Bodh Gaya

    Bodh Gaya
    A very important site for Buddhism
    Here Buddha attained nirvana
  • 424

    Faxian: Journey

    Faxian: Journey
    Faxian ended his journey through several places and stopped in India in 414 CE and then traveled back to China through as sea route.
  • 426

    Tamluk

    Tamluk
    From here he set sail in a large vessel towards Sir Lanka
  • 427

    Sri Lanka

    Sri Lanka
    Here Faxian stayed one year and became homesick at the sight of a white silk fan from China as an offering to Buddha
  • 429

    Sri Lanka (Leaving)

    Sri Lanka (Leaving)
    From here he set sail to Java and encountered many pirates at the ports
  • 430

    Java

    Java
    He spent five moths here before going on his way to China
  • 431

    Qingdao

    Qingdao
    This was the first Chinese city he had set foot on since he left.
    Here he stayed translating the scripts he gathered on his whole journey
  • 434

    Nanjing

    Nanjing
    Here he finished translating his collection of scriotures with Buddha Bhadra, an Indian Buddhist.
    He aslo related his story to this Indian monk and he wrote down his journey in his work "record of the Buddhistic Kingdoms"
  • 455

    Faxian: Adulthood

    Faxian: Adulthood
    When he reeached adulthood in the late fourth century, Faxian was ordained as a Buddhist priest.
  • 462

    Faxians Death

    Faxians Death
    A death at age 88 in a peaceful monastery
  • Period:
    374
    to
    462

    Faxian's Lifespan