Evolution of Film

  • Period: to

    Evolution of Film

  • Late 1800's

    Late 1800's
    The recognition that the human eye retains an image for a fraction of a second brought on new ideas revolving around how continuous motion could be created.
  • Hydrotype

    Hydrotype
    The process of dying an image and transferring it to a gelatin layer of paper or film became known as hydrotype and was described by Charles Cros after he suggested it could be used to transfer images in register.
    “Hydrotype.” Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hydrotype.
  • Kinetoscope

    Thomas Edison invented the Kinetoscope- a device in which a strip of film was placed between a lense and an electric light bulb and viewers looked through a peephole.
    Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Kinetoscope.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 3 Aug. 2017, www.britannica.com/technology/Kinetoscope.
  • Premier of Motion Pictures

    Premier of Motion Pictures
    The first exhibition of viewing motion pictures occurred in New York city, using a kinetoscope.
  • Nicelodeon's

    Nicelodeon's
    The reference to theaters as Nickelodeon’s was born and large sections of the American public found themselves going to watch films as a part of their “leisure-time habits.” Nickelodeon’s were named the way they were because it cost a nickel for admission.
    “Nickelodeon (Movie Theater).” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 12 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nickelodeon_(movie_theater).
  • Pinatype

    The form of transferring of colors known as Pinatype was invented by Léon Didier.
    “Traube / Uvachrome.” Timeline of Historical Film Colors, zauberklang.ch/filmcolors/timeline-entry/1224/.
  • Introduction to Technicolor

    Introduction to Technicolor
    The technicolor process was introduced as a two-color system and was recognized as, “The widest commercial application in its ability to produce motionpicture release prints.”
    “Technicolor.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 3 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technicolor#Two-color_Technicolor.
  • 1920's

    The inclusion of sound was introduced into film
  • Mid 1920's

    The end of an era with the transition from silent films to talkies
  • Patent

    Karel Šmirous patented the hydrotype process
    “Karel Šmirous.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 12 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karel_%C5%A0mirous.
  • Red and Green Incorporation

    Technicolor began to be incorporated into films first two toned with red and green filters. The first film shot with these new features was The Toll of The Sea (during the same year).
  • Talkies

    Talkies
    The first words spoken in film were recorded as: “Wait a minute, wait a minute, you ain’t heard nothin’ yet” in the film The Jazz Singer. Films which included sound, became known as “Talkies.”
  • Electric Television

    Electric Television
    The first electronic television was invented by Philo Talor Farnsworth which would bring a larger audience to film.
    Hur, Johnson. “History of the Television.” History of The US Minimum Wage - From The Very First Minimum Wage, 6 Sept. 2017, bebusinessed.com/history/history-of-the-television/.
  • Regulation

    From here on it was required that films could not be distributed without a certificate from the Motion Picture Association of America. With this regulation, the Association has the ability to require script changes, this was put in place primarily due to racial discrepancies.
    US Legal, Inc. “USLegal.” Entertainment Law, entertainmentlaw.uslegal.com/film-industry/film-regulation/.
  • Transition to Full Color

    Transition to Full Color
    The transition of completely black and white films to color films occurred with the production of The Wizard of Oz.
  • McCarthyism and Hollywood

    McCarthyism and Hollywood
    After Joseph McCarthy created a way of journalism known as McCarthyism, his lack of fact checking caused problems with the relationships between films and Hollywood. The threat of McCarthyism became prevalent within Hollywood because of the accusations made regarding communism. The Hollywood Ten refused to cooperate with the investigation and were imprisoned.
    Achter, Paul J. “McCarthyism.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 18 Dec. 2017, www.britannica.com/topic/McCarthyism.
  • 3-D Make's an Appearance

    3-D Make's an Appearance
    The House of Wax premiered as the first 3-D movie which was filmed using two cameras in order to represent both eyes of the human viewer.
    “First Color 3-D Film Opens.” History.com, A&E Television Networks, www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-color-3-d-film-opens.
  • Late 1950’s/early 1960’s

    Late 1950’s/early 1960’s
    Drive in theaters became popular throughout the United States
  • Ratings

    The movie rating system is born resulting in each film being labeled “G,M,R or X” where X would later become PG.
    “HISTORY OF RATINGS.” History, www.filmratings.com/History.
  • Steadicam

    The steadicam was invented by Garrett Brown and was able to isolate the movement of the camera man/woman over irregular surfaces.
    “Steadicam.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 16 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steadicam.
  • Entertainment at Home

    Entertainment at Home
    Home entertainment started to become evident with LaserDisc’s or VHS tapes.
  • 2000's

    Home entertainment systems started to include video projectors and films which were streamed and can be watched on any device.
    “Home Cinema.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 14 May 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_cinema.
  • Today

    Today
    Films give a reason for people to gather, whether it’s in a cinema or a dorm room. They give us interpretations of different problems and illustrate “happily ever after.” Simply put, the development of film was simultaneous to that of society and it’s evident through the films that are produced throughout time.