ESS Timeline of Events

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  • Minamata (1956)

    Minamata (1956)
    The Minamata disease is a chronological disease which is caused by severe mercury poisoning. This disease was first discovered in Minamata, Japan, due to poisonous industrial waste leaking into the water which Japanese fishermen caught fish and shellfish. This led to a widespread epidemic to all who consumed the poisoned seafood.
  • The Silent Spring Published --- 1962

    The Silent Spring Published --- 1962
    This book is written by Rachel Carson, and it documented the effect of pesticides on the environment, especially on birds who get affected by the toxic pesticides
  • Earth Day --- 1970

    Earth Day --- 1970
    The Earth Day is a worldwide event which aims to increase awareness and raise appreciation of the Earth's natural environment. It is celebrated in more than 175 countries for every year.
  • The Club of Rome --- 1972

    The Club of Rome --- 1972
    The Club of Rome is a global group that deals with a variety of international and political issues. Though it was first founded in 1968, the group raised a considerable amount of public attention in the year 1972.
  • Save the Whales Campaign --- 1975

    Save the Whales Campaign --- 1975
    Greenpeace launched their whale campaign by using a variety of methods, including confronting whaling fleets on the high seas, stopping harpoons with rubber boats, and broadcasting images of whaling to the public for the very first time
  • Bhopal --- 1984

    Bhopal --- 1984
    Bhopal is a city in India. In December 1984, there was a gas leak which was caused by an industrial accident. This was viewed as one of the biggest industrial accidents of all time. The incident happened in the Union Carbide pesticide plant in India.
  • Chernobyl --- 1986

    Chernobyl --- 1986
    The infamous nuclear disaster which happened in the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine was one of the largest and most catastrophic nuclear accidents in history. This accident is classed as a level 7 event on the International Nuclear Event Scale, which is tied for highest.
  • Prince William Sound --- 1989

    Prince William Sound --- 1989
    In Prince William Sound, Alaska, 1989, a catastrophic event happened. The oil tanker Exxon Valdez, which was heading for California, struck the coral reef near Prince William Sound and spilled up to 750,000 barrels of crude oil into the water. This is widely regarded as one of the worst human-caused environmental disasters of all time.
  • Earth Summit --- 1992

    Earth Summit --- 1992
    The UNCED (also known as Earth Summit), was a major UN conference held in Rio De Janeiro, and had over 172 participating governments.
  • The Kyoto Protocol --- 1997

    The Kyoto Protocol --- 1997
    The Kyoto protocol is a protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and it is a protocol signed in 1997 aimed to fight global warming. It was adopted on 11 December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan, and came into force on 16 February 2005.