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Environmental timeline

  • Period: 100 to

    Agricultural Revolution

  • Period: to

    Industrial Revolution

  • John Muir

    John Muir
    He was America's most famous and influential naturalist and conservationist. He was one of California's most important historical personalities.
  • Walden by Henry David Thoreau

    Walden by Henry David Thoreau
    A book about simple living in natural surroundings. Thoreau's experiences over the course of two years, two months, and two days in a cabin he built near Walden Pond,
  • Homestead Act

  • Yellowstone National Park founded

  • Amerian Forestry Association founded

  • Yosemite plus Sequoia National Park founded

  • Sierra Club founded

    Sierra Club founded
    One of the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organizations in the United States. It was founded on in San Francisco, California, by John Muir, who became its first president.
  • Lacey Act founded

    Lacey Act founded
    A conservation law in the United States that prohibits trade in wildlife, fish, and plants that have been illegally taken, possessed, transported or sold. It is still in effect but has been amended several times.
  • Period: to

    Golden Age of conservation (Theodore Roosevelt)

  • First National Wild life Refuge established

    First National Wild life Refuge established
    Certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is the system of public lands and waters set aside to conserve America's fish, wildlife and plants.
  • US Forest Service founded

    US Forest Service founded
    an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 155 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass 193 million acres.
  • Aldo Leopold

  • Gifford Pinchot

    Gifford Pinchot
    He was an forester and politician. Pinchot served as the first Chief of the United States Forest Service from 1905 until he was fired in 1910, and was the 28th Governor of Pennsylvania, serving from 1923 to 1927, and again from 1931 to 1935.
  • Audubon Society Founded

    Audubon Society Founded
    Audubon Society is a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation. Incorporated in 1905, Audubon is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world and uses science, education and grassroots advocacy to advance its conservation mission.
  • Antiquities Act

    Antiquities Act
    Signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt on June 8, 1906. This law gives the President of the United States the authority to, by executive order, restrict the use of particular public land owned by the federal government. The Act has been used over a hundred times since its passage. Its use occasionally creates significant controversy.
  • US National Park Service founded

  • Civilian Conservation Corps founded

  • Taylor Grazing Act

    Taylor Grazing Act
    Is a United States federal law that provides for the regulation of grazing on the public lands (excluding Alaska) to improve rangeland conditions and regulate their use.
  • Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act

    Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act
    It authorized the annual issuance of what is popularly known as the Duck Stamp. In 1976, Congress changed the official name to the Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp.
  • Fish plus Wildlife Service founded

    Fish plus Wildlife Service founded
    The Fish and Wildlife Servic is dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. The mission of the agency reads as "working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people."
  • Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson

    Silent Spring published by Rachel Carson
    an environmental science book written by Rachel Carson. The book documented the detrimental effects on the environment, particularly on birds, of the indiscriminate use of pesticides. Carson accused the chemical industry of spreading disinformation and public officials of accepting industry claims unquestioningly.
  • Wilderness Act

    Wilderness Act
    It created the legal definition of wilderness in the United States, and protected 9.1 million acres of federal land. The result of a long effort to protect federal wilderness and to create a formal mechanism for designating wilderness.
  • Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

    Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
    An outgrowth of the recommendations of a Presidential commission, the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (ORRRC). Among other things, the commission recommended that the nation protect wild rivers and scenic rivers from development that would substantially change their wild or scenic nature.
  • Cuyahoga River in Ohio caught fire

    Cuyahoga River in Ohio caught fire
    The 1969 fire caused approximately $50,000 in damages, mostly to an adjacent railroad bridge. The 1969 Cuyahoga River fire helped spur an avalanche of water pollution control activities, resulting in the Clean Water Act, Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, and the creation of the federal Environmental Protection Agency and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA).
  • National Enviromental Policy Act (NEPA)

    National Enviromental Policy Act (NEPA)
    As one of the most emulated statutes in the world, NEPA has been called the modern-day equivalent of an “environmental Magna Carta”.
  • First Earth Day

  • Enviromental Protection Agency established

  • Clean Air Act established

    Clean Air Act established
    Resulted in a major shift in the federal government's role in air pollution control. This legislation authorized the development of comprehensive federal and state regulations to limit emissions from both stationary (industrial) sources and mobile sources.
    ( Revised 63, 65, 70, 77, 90 )
  • Endangered Species Act

    Endangered Species Act
    it was designed to protect critically imperiled species from extinction as a "consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation."
  • FIFRA- Federal, Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act

    FIFRA- Federal, Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act
    It set up the basic U.S. system of pesticide regulation to protect applicators, consumers, and the environment.
  • OPEC and Oil Embargo

    OPEC and Oil Embargo
    when the members of OPEC proclaimed an oil embargo. By the end of the embargo in March 1974, the price of oil had risen from $3 per barrel to nearly $12.
  • Roland and Molina (UCI) announce that CFC's are depleting the ozone layer

    Roland and Molina (UCI) announce that CFC's are depleting the ozone layer
    They were used in air conditioning and cooling units, as aerosol spray propellants prior to the 1970s, and in the cleaning processes of delicate electronic equipment. They also occur as by-products of some chemical processes. No significant natural sources have ever been identified for these compounds—their presence in the atmosphere is due almost entirely to human manufacture.
  • RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)

    RCRA (Resource Conservation and Recovery Act)
    provide technical and financial assistance for the development of management plans and facilities for the recovery of energy and other resources from discarded materials and for the safe disposal of discarded materials, and to regulate the management of hazardous waste.
  • Clean Water Act

    Clean Water Act
    The objective of the Clean Water Act is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation's waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution sources, providing assistance to publicly owned treatment works for the improvement of wastewater treatment, and maintaining the integrity of wetlands.
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
    regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.
  • Love Canal, NY

    Love Canal, NY
    they bought land from a toxic waste buiness and the people who moved in had to eventually evalutate.
  • Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident

    Three Mile Island Nuclear Accident
    a partial nuclear meltdown that occurred on March 28, 1979 in one of the two Three Mile Island nuclear reactors in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. It was the worst accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant history.
  • Bhopal, Island

    Bhopal, Island
    was a gas leak incident in India, considered the world's worst industrial disaster. It occurred on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals.
  • CERCLA (superfund)

    CERCLA (superfund)
    Superfund gives authority to federal natural resource agencies, states and Native American tribes to recover natural resource damages caused by releases of hazardous substances, and it created the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
  • Chernobyl

    Chernobyl
    A catastrophic nuclear accident that occurred on 26 April 1986 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. An explosion and fire released large quantities of radioactive particles into the atmosphere, which spread over much of the western USSR and Europe.
  • Montreal Protocol

    Montreal Protocol
    An international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.
  • Exxon Valdez

    Exxon Valdez
    An oil tanker that ran aground in Prince William Sound spilling hundreds of thousands of barrels of crude oil in Alaska. On March 24, 1989, bound for Long Beach, California, the vessel ran aground on the Bligh Reef resulting in the second largest oil spill in United States history.
  • Energy Policy Act

    Energy Policy Act
    It was passed by Congress and set goals, created mandates, and amended utility laws to increase clean energy use and improve overall energy efficiency in the United States.
  • Desert Protection Act

    Desert Protection Act
    The Desert Protection Act was signed by President Bill Clinton, and passed by the United States Congress on October 8, 1994, that established the Death Valley and Joshua Tree National Parks and the Mojave National Preserve in the California desert.
  • Period: to

    Kyoto Protocol

  • World Population hits 6 billion

  • Period: to

    IPCC Report on climate Change

  • Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill