Environmental Laws and Treaties / People to Know

Timeline created by shannonlfenwick
  • John Muir

    John Muir
    founded Sierra Club in 1892; fought unsuccessfully to prevent the damming of the Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park
  • Lacey Act

    prohibits interstate transport of wild animals dead or alive without federal permit
  • Aldo Leopold

    Aldo Leopold
    wrote A Sand County Almanac published a year after his death in 1948; promoted a "Land Ethic" in which humans are ethically responsible for serving as the protectors of nature
  • Rachel Carson

    Rachel Carson
    published Silent Spring in 1962; documented the environmental damage done by DDT and other pesticides. Which heightened public awareness at the start of the modern environmental movement
  • National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

    protects rivers with due to aesthetic, recreational, wildlife, historical, or cultural reasons
  • Garrett Hardin

    Garrett Hardin
    published "The Tragedy of the Commons" in the journal Science in 1968; argued that rational people will exploit shared resources (commons)
  • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)

    environmental impact statements must be done before any project affecting federal lands can be started
  • Clean Air Act

    set emission standards for cars, and limits for release of air pollutants
  • Clean Water Act

    set maxium permissible amounts of water pollitants that can be discharged into waterways. Aim: to make surface waters swimmable and fishable.
  • U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act

    prohibits taking marine mammals in the U.S. waters and by U.S. citizens, and the importing marine mammals and marine mammals products into the U.S.
  • Endangered Species Act

    identifies threatened and endangered species in the US, and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
  • Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)

    controls hazardous waste with a cadle to grave system
  • Surface Mining Control & Reclammation Act

    requires coal strip mines to reclaim the land
  • Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act (CERCAL)

    the "superfund" act, designed to identify and clean up abandoned hazardous waste dumpsite
  • Low-Level Radioactive Policy Act

    all states must have facilities to handle low-level radioactive wastes
  • Nuclear Waste Policy Act

    US government must develop a high level nuclear waste site by 2015
  • Ocean Dumping Ban Act

    bans ocean dumping of sewage and industrial waste
  • Food Quality Protection Act

    set pesticides limits in foods, and all active and inactive ingredients must be screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects