Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution

  • Feb 19, 1473

    The Birth of Nicolaus Copernicus

    The Birth of Nicolaus Copernicus
    Nicolaus Copernicus was born on the 19th of February in 1473.He was a mathematician and astronomer who was most known for his theory of a heliocentric universe. This theory of course created a lot of controversy thus beginning the scientific revolution.
  • Period: Feb 19, 1473 to

    Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution

    The Scientific Revolution was a period when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other sciences led to a rejection of doctrines that had prevailed starting in Ancient Greece and continuing through the Middle Ages, and laid the foundation of modern science.[1] According to most accounts, the scientific revolution began in Europe towards the end of the Renaissance era and continued through the late 18th century, the latter period known as The Enlightenment.
  • Jan 1, 1514

    Copernicus' Theory of Heliocentrism

    Copernicus came up with the theory that the Earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around which was the belief for Copernicus came up with the theory that the Earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around which was the belief for a long time. This theory of heliocentric universe caused some controversy with the church. This new idea of the sun being the center of the universe was wrong by all means according to the church.
  • May 1, 1543

    Copernicus' Epochal Book Published

    On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres was published before his death. This book is often regarded as the starting point of the Scientific Revolution.
  • Galileo created the pump

    While teaching mathematics at the University of Padua, Galileo was presented the problem involving the placement of oars in galleys. He treated the oar as a lever and the water as a fulcrum. This became a model for the pump, which is a device that raised water.
  • Galileo and his telescope

    Galileo made improvements to the telescope, the optical instrument used to see into space. It was one of the greatest helps during the Scientific Revolution.
  • Galileo's Theory of tides

    This theory was the first insight into the significance of the shape of the ocean and size and timing of tides.This theory was ultimately a failure.
  • Kepler Reveals his final law

    This 3rd law of planetary motion describes the form and operation of planetary orbits. His laws were refined Copernicus' model. The planetary motion is not a circle, but an ellipse.
  • Rudolphine Tables are finished

    Johannes Kepler completed the Rudolphine Tables, which is what Kepler was best known for. It was a table that consisted of a star catalogue and planetary tables that were published by Kepler and data used from Tycho Brahe's observations.
  • The Sceptical Chymist is published in London

    A work written by Robert Boyle, this book is a masterpiece of scientific literature. Boyle's hypothesis was that matter consisted of atoms and clusters of atoms which resulted in collisions of particles in motion.
  • The Principia is published

    Newton's work, the Principia, states his three laws of gravitation. He also presented calculus like method for geometrical analysis. He used the Latin word gravitas (weight) which is now known as gravity and defined the law of universal gravitation.
  • Newton's Three Laws of Motion

    Sir Isaac Newton presented these three laws in his book.These were the laws that form the basis for classical mechanics. The 3 physical laws describe the relationship between the forces acting on the body and its motion caused by those forces.
  • Newton dies, the end of the scientific revolution

    The death of Sir Isaac Newton is believed to be the end of the scientific revolution. The book-reading philosophers changed the world into experimental research.