Period: 450 to 1066
Old English (Anglo-Saxon)The old period of English or Anglo-Saxon literature, thus known as being written in Old English, begins in the 5th century until the end of the year 1066
Caedmonthe oldest poet, monk in the double monastery, only one of his poem Hymn of Caedmon remains
Period: 701 to 800
BeowulfAnonymous Anglo-Saxon epic poem, its exact year is unknown, but because it is written in Anglo-Saxon, it is speculated that it was written in the 7th century
The Venerable BedeThe Venerable Bede
The Venerable Bede, in his monastery at Jarrow, completes his history of the English church and people.
King Alfred the Greathe restored english culture, taught that you must learn Old English and then Latin in order to read the texts
Period: 1066 to 1500
Middle English PeriodThe Middle English period began in 1066 with William's Norman conquest of England until the 15th century, when the printing press was invented.
King ArthurThe Welsh author Geoffrey of Monmouth, between the years 1130 and 1136, was the first to give an account of the particular royal character in his work Historia Regum Britanniae.
Piers Plowmanallegorical narrative poem by William Langland. It is written in un-rhymed, alliterative verse divided into sections called passus
canterbury talesWritten by Geoffrey Chaucer, It's 24 Poems Where it tells the story of a pilgrim on a trip from London to Canterbury, one of the literary legacies of the Middle Ages.
Le Morte d'Arthurprose reworking by Sir Thomas Malory of tales about the legendary King Arthur, Guinevere, Lancelot, Merlin and the Knights of the Round Table
Period: 1500 to
The RenaissanceIn the Renaissance the printing press was introduced, popularizing literature a bit, it was characterized by having 4 periods such as the Elizabethan era, the Jacobean era, the Carolina era and the Commonwealth era.
Erasmus and Thomas MoreErasmus and Thomas More take the northern Renaissance in the direction of Christian humanism
Elizabethan eraElizabethan era was considered the golden age of drama, having emblematic writers such as Christopher Marlowe: Tamburlaine (1587) - The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus (1610)
Francis Bacon: Speech in praise of knowledge (1592)
Edmund Spenser: The Faerie Queene (1590)
Sir Walter Raleigh: The Discovery of the large, rich, and beautiful Empire of Guiana (1595)
William Shakespeare: Venus and Adonis, The Rape of Lucrece (1593) romeo and julieth (1597)
Jacobin eraThe Jacobin era is the second epoch of the Renaissance, at this time the most important works of Shakespeare are published, and great literary works also marked with a religious theme emerge.
main representatives of the Jacobean eraJohn Donne: Devotions on Emergent Occasions (1624)
Shakespeare: village (1601); Macbeth, othello (1603)
Michael Drayton: The Harmony of the Church (1592)
John Webster: The White Devil, (1612): The Duchess of Malfi, (1614)
Elizabeth Cary: The Tragedy of Mariam, the Beautiful Queen of the Jews (1613)
Ben Jonson: Every Man Out of His Mood (1599), Cynthia's Feasts (1600), The Poetter (1602).
Lady Mary Wroth: Victory of Love (1620): The Countess of Urania de Montgomery (1621)
holy bibleKing James Bible translation distributed
Restoration literatureThe Carolina era was dominated by growing religious, political, and social discord between the king and his followers. John Milton: Paradise Lost (1667).
John Wilmot: Sodom, or the Quintessence of Debauchery (1670)
The Neoclassical PeriodThe entire seventeenth century is subject to a religious regime, which in turn marks religious texts as contradictory but anonymous for fear of reprimands. John Bunyan: the pilgrim (1675-1684)
John Dryden - Writes satires and plays (1631-1700).
Thomas Otway: The Mourning Wife (1697).
Restoration literaturedominated by growing religious, political, and social discord between the king and his followers. John Milton: Paradise Lost (1667).
John Wilmot: Sodom, or the Quintessence of Debauchery (1670)
THE ROMANTIC PERIODat this time literature evolves towards more individual and original writings in search of personal identity.
Gothic fictionis a genre of literature and film that covers horror, death, and at times, romance Horace Walpole: The Castle of Otranto (1764)
Matthew Lewis: The Monk: A Romance (3 vols, 1796, revised 1798)
Anne Radcliffe: Romance of the Forest (1791).
Lake Poetswith this work the beginning of romanticism is marked William Wordsworth: Lyrical Ballads, with a Few Other Poems. (1798)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge: The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1798)
Robert Southey: John Bunyan (1830)
Pride and Prejudicenovel of manners written by Jane Austen.
Cockney SchoolIt is the second romantic movement of the time Leigh Hunt: Three of the Canterbury Tales in The Poems of Geoffrey Chaucer (1841)
John Keats: Lamia and other poems (1819)
Percy Shelley: Prometheus Unbound (1819), the tragedy Los Cenci (1819)
lord Byron: Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1812–18); Don Juan (1819–24)
The Victorian PeriodIt is a time when the great authors of the Elizabethan and Jacobin era have left and those who had already written their masterpieces, and the new writers had a tendency to moral rectitude and social growth.
Charles DickensPosthumous papers of the Pickwick Club (1836-1837)
Oliver Twist (1837-1839)
Nicholas Nickleby (1838-1839)
The Antique Shop (1840-1841)
Barnaby Rudge (1841)
A Christmas Carol (1843) (Christmas Song or A Christmas Carol)
Martin Chuzzlewit (1843-1844)
Dombey and son (1846-1848)
David Copperfield (1849-1850)
Desolate House (1852-1853)
Hard Times (1854)
Little Dorrit (1855-1857)
A Tale of Two Cities (1859)
Great Expectations (1860-1861)
Our common friend (1864-1865)
The Trackman (1866)
Charles DarwinOn the Tendency of Species to form Varieties (1858)
1859 - The Origin of Species (1859)
1868 - Variation of Plants and Animals Under Domestication (1868)
1871 - The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871)
1872 - The expression of emotions in anima (1872)
Oxford English Dictionaryin 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, Founded Mainly on the Materials Collected by The Philological Society. In 1895, the title The Oxford English Dictionary was first used unofficially on the covers of the series, In 1933, the title The Oxford English Dictionary fully replaced the former name in all occurrences in its reprinting as twelve volumes with a one-volume supplement.
Oscar WildeThe Picture of Dorian Gray (1891)
The Crime of Lord Arthur Saville and Other Stories (1891)
The happy prince and other tales (1888)
Arthur Conan DoyleThe Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1891-92)
The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes, (1892-93)
The Return of Sherlock Holmes (1903-04)
H. G. WellsThe Time Machine (1895)
The Island of Doctor Moreau (1896)
The Invisible Man (1897)
The War of the Worlds (1898)
L. Frank BaumThe Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
The Edwardian Periodit is a short period marked by the beginning of the first world war
oseph ConradHeart of Darkness (1902)
The End of the Tether (1902)
A. C. BradleyShakespearean Tragedy (1904)
Edward Morgan ForsterWhere Angels Fear to Tread (1905)
A Room with a View (1908)
Arnold BennettThe Old Wives' Tale (1908)
Riceyman Steps (1922)
The Georgian PeriodIt is a time of poets without great English literary influence.
Frank harrisMy Life and Loves, (1922-1927, 1931, 1954, 1963)
Virginia WoolfMrs. Dalloway (1925)
To the Lighthouse (1927)
modern periodThe modern period begins after the First World War and remains until today, it has a bolder style, with a more dramatic narrative, some consider that it is linked to the postmodern period, but others conclude that it is the same but with a different trend after the second world war.
C. S. LewisThe Chronicles of Narnia
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (1950)
Prince Caspian (1951)
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (1952)
The Silver Chair (1953)
The Horse and the Boy (1954)
The magician's nephew (1955)
The Last Battle (1956)
J. R. R. Tolkienthe hobbit (1937)
The Lord of the Rings (1955)
Harold PinterThe Birthday Party (1958)
The Hothouse (1958)
Tom StoppardRosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead (1968)
Lord Malquist and Mr Moon (1966)
J. K. Rowling - Joanne RowlingHarry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (1997)
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (1998)
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999)
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2000)
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (June 2003)
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (July 2005)
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (July 2007)