Early Film: The First Take

Timeline created by DaneZurwell
In Film
  • Zoetrope

    William George Horner invents the zoetrope which resembles a projector.
  • Period: to


  • Pictures in Motion

    Pictures in Motion
    Eadward Muybridge streams together photos of a galloping horse resulting in what appears to be a simple movie.
  • "Shooting" Film

    "Shooting" Film
    "Chronophotographic" camera is brought about by Etienne Jules Marey. In the shape of a gun, this camera is able to capture twelve successive images per second.
  • Celluloid Breakthrough

    Nitrate celluloid film invented by American Hannibal W. Goodwin.
  • Kodak

    George Eastman introduces the "Kodak" camera and trademarks the name.
  • Single Lens

    Single Lens
    Frenchman Louis Augustin Le Prince creates camera with single lens. He then uses this invention to make a picture sequence of traffic on a bridge in London.
  • On a Roll

    On a Roll
    Henry Reichenbach develops and patents roll film.
  • Kinetograph

    William Kennedy Laurie Dickson builds first camera resembling those used in modern motion-pictures.
  • Vertical-Feed

    In the summertime of 1892, Edison and Dickson construct a camera that feeds film vertically. The film used in this invention sets up the future for 35 mm film guage.
  • The Black Maria

    The Black Maria
    The Black Maria, world's first motion picture studio, is built in West Orange, NJ.
  • First Film Exhibition

    World's first film exhibition takes place at Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences.
  • Censorship?

    A short film entitled "Carmencita", feauturing a Spanish dancer of the same name, shows a woman's legs as she dances and spins. This became one of the earliest examples of censorship in film.
  • Projecting to an Audience

    Charles Francis Jenkins, using a Phantoscope, projects a film onto a screen for an audience.
  • Lumière Brothers

    Lumière Brothers
    Two French brothers, Auguste and Louis Lumière, invent the Cinématographe (essentially a combination between a small camera and projector). With this device, they create the first-known comedy, called in English, "The Sprinkler Sprinkled".
  • First Paying Audience

    At a storefront theatre in New York City, a boxing match is viewed by a paying audience.
  • The Kiss (1896)

    The Kiss (1896)
    First ever cinematic kiss is made, involving May Irwin and John Rice.
  • Scale-Model Effects

    Camera operators in Cuba, unable to capture scenes of Spanish-American war, return to studios and use models/painted backdrops. Scale-model effects begin.
  • Innovative Effects

    Innovative Effects
    Known as the "Father of Special Effects", Georges Méliès introduces disappearances and double exposures in his 400th film, "Le Voyage Dans La Lune (1902)"
  • The Great Train Robbery (1903)

    The Great Train Robbery (1903)
    Using multiple camera positions and on location shooting, The Great Train Robbery (1903) is one of the first films to incorportate modern filming techniques.
  • Filming Indoors

    Filming Indoors
    Mercury lamps, created by Cooper Hewitt, allow scenes to be filmed inside without sunlight.