US History 1887-2008

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    Early American History (1776-1860)

    Filters. Of or characteristic of the early, especially the Colonial, period of U.S. history; specif., of a plain or sturdy style in furniture, arts, and crafts of this period.
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    Civil War/Reconstruction (1860-1877)

    Reconstruction, in U.S. history, the period (1865–77) that followed the American Civil War and during which attempts were made to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy and to solve the problems arising from the readmission to the Union of the 11 states
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    American Civil War

    The American Civil War was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern states loyal to the Union and southern states that had seceded to form the Confederate States of America.
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    13th Amendment: abolished slavery

    Passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified on December 6, 1865, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States and provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States
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    14th Amendment: citizenship & due process

    No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
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    1869: Transcontinental Railroad Completed

    One hundred and fifty years ago on May 10, 1869, university founder Leland Stanford drove the last spike that marked the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad.
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    15th Amendment: voting for all male citizens

    Passed by Congress February 26, 1869, and ratified February 3, 1870, the 15th amendment granted African American men the right to vote. Social and economic segregation were added to black America's loss of political power.
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    1876: Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell

    year later Bell moved to the United States, where he taught speech to deaf students. While in the U.S. Bell invented and/or improved a number of electrical technologies. He is best remembered as the inventor of the telephone (1876). Learn more about Bell's most famous invention, the telephone.
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    The Gilded Age (1877-1900)

    The Gilded Age was an era of rapid economic growth, especially in the Northern United States and the Western United States.
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    The Progressive Era (1890-1920)

    was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States of America that spanned the 1890s to the 1920s.The movement primarily targeted political machines and their bosses.
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    Imperialism (1898-1910)

    Imperialism is the state policy, practice, or advocacy of extending power and dominion, especially by direct territorial acquisition or by gaining political and economic control of other territories and peoples
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    Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm)

    The Gulf War was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes.
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    World War I (1914-1918)

    A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Allies, notably Britain, France, Russia, and Italy (which entered in 1915), and the Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire. World War I was known as the Great War, or the World War, until World War II broke out.
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    Roaring Twenties (1920-1929)

    The Roaring Twenties refers to the decade of the 1920s in Western society and Western culture
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    Great Depression (1929-1939)

    The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States. The timing of the Great Depression varied across the world; in most countries, it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s.
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    World War II (1939-1945)

    A war fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Axis powers — Germany, Italy, and Japan — and the Allies, including France and Britain, and later the Soviet Union and the United States.
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    Early Cold War (1945-1960)

    Containment Stopping the spread of communism
    Arms Race/Space Race It had its origins in the ballistic missile-based nuclear arms race between the two nations following World War II.
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a federal socialist state in Northern Eurasia
    Communism is a political and economic system that seeks to create a classless society in which the major means of production
    Domino The CWar
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    1945: United Nations formed

    The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that aims to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
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    Truman Doctrine (1947)

    Truman Doctrine (1947): U.S. policy that gave military and economic aid to countries threatened by communism
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    1948: Berlin Airlift

    The Berlin Blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control
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    Marshall Plan (1948)

    Marshall Plan (1948): program to help European countries rebuild after World War II
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    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
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    Civil Rights Era (1950-1970)

    The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a decades-long struggle by African Americans and their like-minded allies to end institutionalized racial discrimination, disenfranchisement and racial segregation in the United States.
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    1950-1953: Korean War

    The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and insurrections in the south
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    1951: Rosenbergs trial

    On March 29, 1951, the court convicted Julius and Ethel Rosenberg of conspiracy to commit espionage.
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    1952: First H-Bomb detonated by the United States

    he U.S. detonated the first hydrogen bomb, resulting in the first successful full-scale thermonuclear weapon explosion. Operation Ivy was conducted on the Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
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    1955: Jonas Salk invents the Polio Vaccine

    Jonas Salk announces polio vaccine. On March 26, 1953, American medical researcher Dr. Jonas Salk announces on a national radio show that he has successfully tested a vaccine against poliomyelitis, the virus that causes the crippling disease of polio.
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    Vietnam War (1954-1976)

    The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was a conflict in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
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    1957: USSR launches Sputnik

    On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the earth's first artificial satellite, Sputnik I. The successful launch came as a shock to experts and citizens in the United States, who had hoped that the United States would accomplish this scientific advancement first.
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    Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)

    During the Cuban Missile Crisis, leaders of the U.S. and the Soviet Union engaged in a tense, 13-day political and military standoff in October 1962 over the installation of nuclear-armed Soviet missiles on Cuba, just 90 miles from U.S. shores.
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964): begins undeclared war in Vietnam
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    Medicare and Medicaid established

    n July 30, 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law legislation that established the Medicare and Medicaid programs. For 50 years, these programs have been protecting the health and well-being of millions of American families, saving lives, and improving the economic security of our nation.
  • Tet Offensive

    The Tet Offensive was a coordinated series of North Vietnamese attacks on more than 100 cities and outposts in South Vietnam. The offensive was an attempt to foment rebellion among the South Vietnamese population and encourage the United States to scale back its involvement in the Vietnam War.
  • Tinker v. Des Moines

    Tinker v. Des Moines: defined the First Amendment rights for students in the United States Public Schools
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    End of the Cold War (1970-1991)

    During 1989 and 1990, the Berlin Wall came down, borders opened, and free elections ousted Communist regimes everywhere in eastern Europe. In late 1991 the Soviet Union itself dissolved into its component republics.
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    1970 Kent State University shooting

    The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre, were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970 in Kent, Ohio, 40 miles south of Cleveland
  • 1971: Pentagon Papers leaked

    The Pentagon Papers, officially titled "Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force", was commissioned by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967. In June of 1971, small portions of the report were leaked to the press and widely distributed
  • 26th Amendment

    26th Amendment: moved the voting age from 21 years old to 18 years old
  • War Powers Act (1973)

    War Powers Act (1973): law limited the President’s right to send troops to battle without Congressional approval
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    Watergate Scandal, which leads to Nixon’s Resignation

    The Watergate scandal refers to the burglary and illegal wiretapping of the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee, in the Watergate complex, by members of President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign and the subsequent cover-up of the break-in resulting in Nixon's resignation on August 9, 1974
  • 1975: Fall of Saigon, marks the end of the Vietnam War

    The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
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    Camp David Accords

    The Camp David Accords is a pair of diplomatic agreements signed on September 17, 1978, by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin after twelve days of secret meetings at Camp David, the President of the United States' country retreat in Maryland.
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    Iran Hostage Crisis

    The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic standoff between the United States and Iran. Fifty-two American diplomats and citizens were held hostage after a group of militarized Iranian college students
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    Three Mile Island Disaster

    The Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor, near Middletown, Pa., partially melted down on March 28, 1979. This was the most serious accident in U.S. commercial nuclear power plant operating history, although its small radioactive releases had no detectable health effects on plant workers or the public.
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    Iran Contra Affair

    The Iran–Contra affair, popularized in Iran as the McFarlane affair, the Iran–Contra scandal, or simply Iran–Contra, was a political scandal in the United States that occurred during the second term of the Reagan Administration.
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    990s-21st Century (1990-2008)

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    Fall of the USSR - Official end of the Cold War

    On December 25, 1991, the Soviet hammer and sickle flag lowered for the last time over the Kremlin, thereafter replaced by the Russian tricolor. Earlier in the day, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned his post as president of the Soviet Union, leaving Boris Yeltsin as president of the newly independent Russian state.
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    22nd Amendment

    Prohibits anyone who has been elected president twice from being elected again
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    Attack on World Trade Center and Pentagon

    The September 11 attacks, often referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Wahhabi terrorist group Al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
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    USA PATRIOT Act (2001): tightened the national security, particularly as it was related to foreign terrorism
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    Hurricane Katrina

    Hurricane Katrina was a large Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that caused over 1,800 deaths and $125 billion in damage in August 2005, particularly in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas. It was at the time the costliest tropical cyclone on record, and is now tied with 2017's Hurricane Harvey.