Stalin, Roosevelt, and Winston Churchill meet to discuss the post-war world.divided germany into 4 zones of influence (french British, American, Soviet)Germany will pat reparations, de-militarize, and de-nazify.
Stalin, Churchill, Clement Atlee, Harry Truman meet in the final conference of the war.Relations between the Western powers and the Soviets had worsened since Yalta, the US has a new President with a tougher stance towards the USSR than Roosevelt.The US has now tested the atomic bomb putting them in a stronger positions to negotiate.US no longer needs USSR in Japan
Truman Doctrine ,support for countries that reject Communism, 1947
US begins policy of Containment.Foreign policy centered on making sure that Communism did not spread beyond where it already existed.
$400 million to greece and Turkey
The Marshall Plan
Provided $12.5 billion to help rebuild W. Europe.USSRCommunist governments installed in Eastern Europe.Controlled by StalinCOMECON (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance) established b the USSR to aid these countries.Iron Curtain :...an Iron Curtain has descended across the continent. - Winston ChurchillIron curtain: division of western and eastern Europe.
NATOThe US and its allies create a mutual defense pact in 1949 called the North American Treaty OrganizationAn attack on any member nation will be met with a response of physical force.
In one of the first acts of Cold War aggression, the soviet blocked of access to West Berlin, the Allied controlled zoneTheir aim was to force the Western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying BErlin with food and fuel, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city.In response, the Allies airlifted supplies into the city for nearly a year until the Soviet finally gave up the blockade of the city.
Korean War (1950- 53)
North Korea invades the South in 1950 with the use of Soviet weapons and supplies.The united states/ UN forces come to the aid of South Korea and push NK back up.With defeat looking likely, Communist China commits 300,000 troops to NK and retake SeoulUS/ UN troops push NK back to original borderAfter 3 years of fighting the border between south and north roughly remains the same.
The Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw PactThe USSR creates its own defense pact in 1955 with its member nations in Eastern Europe.After WWII, civil war raged in China between Mao’s Communist North and Jiang Jieshi’s Nationalist south.The south was supported financially by the United states and the North by the Soviet Union.
Cuban Missile Crisis (Oct, 1962)
In 1962, a united states U-2 spy plane photographs missile sites being set up in Communist Cuba, only 100 or so miles from Florida, USASoviet Union is secretly supplying and building what the US believes to be nuclear missile silos in Cuba.The threat of nuclear war reaches an all time high.
The Space Race (1957 -69)
USSR develops Intercontinental BAllistic Missiles (ISMB’s) and launches the first ever satellite into space called ‘Sputnik’In 1958, the US launches their own satellitePresident John F. Kennedy promises to land a man on the moon by the end of the decade1961, Soviet Yuri Gargarin becomes the first man to orbit the Earth1962, John Glenn becomes the first American1969, US lands on the moonIn the future, Soviets and US co-operate on space missions.
Arms Race (1952 - 1970’s)
1949, soviet successfully teat an atom bombUs vows to deveop a more powerful nuclear weapon called a Hydrogen BombCreated in 1952, the Hydrogen Bomb is 1000 times more powerful than the atom bombs used in Japan1953, USSR teats its first Hydrogen Bomb and both nations start stockpiling nuclear weaponsBoth nations commit a lard amount of money to building up their nation’s military strength over the next several years which also contributes to...
Vietnam War (1964-74’)
Communist north vietnam supported by the Soviets with weapons and moneySouth vietnam supported by the United States not only with weapons and money but also hundreds of thousands of troopsThe US feared the spread of communism and directly involved in an unpopular war‘domino theory’ a lot of different countries in South east Asia. Americans thought if Vietnam fall into communism and then laos will fall, and keep going.
End of cold war
US-Soviet arms race, In the Soviet satelliets of Eastern Europe, and in the Soviet Union