Cold War Timeline

Timeline created by katmconner
  • end of WWII

    end of WWII
    World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
  • SEATO

    SEATO
    an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty
  • Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

    Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech
    In one of the most famous orations of the Cold War period, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill condemns the Soviet Union’s policies in Europe and declares, “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent.” Churchill’s speech is considered one of the opening volleys announcing the beginning of the Cold War.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    established that the United States would provide political, military and economic assistance to all democratic nations under threat from external or internal authoritarian forces
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    an American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II.
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.
  • NATO

    NATO
    intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under allied control.
  • USSR first atomic bomb test

    USSR first atomic bomb test
    At a remote test site at Semipalatinsk in Kazakhstan, the USSR successfully detonates its first atomic bomb, code name “First Lightning.” In order to measure the effects of the blast, the Soviet scientists constructed buildings, bridges, and other civilian structures in the vicinity of the bomb.
  • China's Civil War

    China's Civil War
    The Chinese Civil War[nb 2] was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang (KMT) -led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China
  • H-Bomb

    H-Bomb
    It is colloquially referred to as a hydrogen bomb or H-bomb because it employs hydrogen fusion. The fission stage in such weapons is required to cause the fusion that occurs in thermonuclear weapons.
  • Stalin's Death

    Stalin's Death
    To the great relief of many, he died of a massive heart attack on March 5, 1953. He is remembered to this day as the man who helped save his nation from Nazi domination—and as the mass murderer of the century, having overseen the deaths of between 8 million and 10 million of his own people.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower

    Dwight D. Eisenhower
    was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
  • End of Korean War

    End of Korean War
    The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    a collective defense treaty among eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a Cold War-era proxy war[37] that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955[A 1] to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975. This war followed the First Indochina War (1946–54) and was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States and other anti-communist allies.
  • Eisenhower Doctrine

    Eisenhower Doctrine
    Eisenhower singled out the Soviet threat in his doctrine by authorizing the commitment of U.S. forces “to secure and protect the territorial integrity and political independence of such nations, requesting such aid against overt armed aggression from any nation controlled by international communism.”
  • Sputnik

    Sputnik
    the first artificial Earth satellite. It was a 58 cm (23 in) diameter polished metal sphere, with four external radio antennas to broadcast radio pulses.
  • Fidel Castro take over Cuba

    Fidel Castro take over Cuba
    Castro gathered 165 revolutionaries for the mission, ordering his troops not to cause bloodshed unless they met armed resistance. The attack took place on July 26, 1953, but ran into trouble; 3 of the 16 cars that had set out from Santiago failed to get there.
  • Francis Gary Powers

    Francis Gary Powers
    Francis Gary Powers was an American pilot whose Central Intelligence Agency U-2 spy plane was shot down while flying a reconnaissance mission over Soviet Union airspace, causing the 1960 U-2 incident.
  • John F. Kennedy

    John F. Kennedy
    American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Notable events that occurred during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Space Race
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961. A counter-revolutionary military, trained and funded by the United States government's Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Brigade 2506 fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front (DRF) and intended to overthrow the Communist government of Fidel Castro.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis, The Missile Scare, or the Caribbean Crisis was a 13-day confrontation in October 1962 between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba. It played out on television worldwide and was the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war.
  • JFK Assassination

    JFK Assassination
    John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time (18:30 UTC) on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot by a sniper while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally's wife Nellie, in a presidential motorcade. A ten-month investigation from November 1963 to September 1964 by the Warren Commission concluded that Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Har
  • Lyndon B. Johnson

    Lyndon B. Johnson
    Lyndon Baines Johnson, often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States, a position he assumed after his service as the 37th Vice President.
  • Richard Nixon

    Richard Nixon
    Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. The only U.S. president to resign the office
  • NASA's first moon landing

    NASA's first moon landing
    one giant leap for man kind
  • SALT

    SALT
    two rounds of bilateral talks and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of armament control
  • Gerald Ford

    Gerald Ford
    Gerald Rudolph "Jerry" Ford Jr. was the 38th President of the United States, serving from 1974 to 1977, and, prior to this, was the 40th Vice President of the United States serving from 1973 to 1974 under President Richard Nixon.
  • Jimmy Carter

    Jimmy Carter
    James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. is an American politician, author, and member of the Democratic Party who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981. He was awarded the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize.
  • Soviets invade Afghanistan

    Soviets invade Afghanistan
    the Soviet Union sent thousands of troops into Afghanistan and immediately assumed complete military and political control of Kabul and large portions of the country.
  • US boycott of the summer olympics

    US boycott of the summer olympics
    The 1980 Summer Olympics boycott of the Moscow Olympics was one part of a number of actions initiated by the United States to protest the Soviet invasion in Afghanistan.[1] The Soviet Union and other countries would later support the 1984 Summer Olympics boycott.
  • Miracle on Ice

    Miracle on Ice
    the name in American popular culture for a medal-round men's ice hockey game during the 1980 Winter Olympics at Lake Placid, New York, on Friday, February 22. The United States national team, made up of amateur and collegiate players and led by coach Herb Brooks, defeated the Soviet Union national team, which had won the gold medal in six of the seven previous Olympic games.
  • Ronald Reagan

    Ronald Reagan
    Ronald Wilson Reagan was the 40th President of the United States. Before his presidency he served as the 33rd Governor of California and was also an actor from 1937 to 1964.
  • Strategic Defense Initiative

    Strategic Defense Initiative
    was a program first initiated on March 23, 1983 under President Ronald Reagan. The intent of this program was to develop a sophisticated anti-ballistic missile system in order to prevent missile attacks from other countries, specifically the Soviet Union.
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a barrier that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989, constructed by the German Democratic Republic starting on 13 August 1961,
  • Period: to

    Cold War