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Cold War Events

By Denchik
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    President Harry S. Truman established that the United States would provide political, military.The doctrine originated with the primary goal of containing Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. Because American national security now depended upon more than just the physical security of American territory.
    End date:1991
  • Red Scare

    Red Scare
    The Red Scare was hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, which intensified in the late 1940s and early 1950s.During the Red Scare of 1919-1920, many in the United States feared recent immigrants and dissidents, particularly those who embraced communist, socialist, or anarchist ideology.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to aid in the economic recovery of nations after World War II and secure US geopolitical influence over Western Europe. It became known as the Marshall Plan, named for Secretary of State George Marshall. The Marshall Plan provided markets for American goods, created reliable trading partners, and supported the development of stable democratic governments in Western Europe.
    Ended on December 1951
  • Berlin Blockade/Airlift

    Berlin Blockade/Airlift
    The crisis started on June 24, 1948, when Soviet forces blockaded rail, road, and water access to Allied-controlled areas of Berlin. Berlin Blockade and airlift greatly increased tensions between the two superpowers. The main cause of the Berlin Blockade was the Cold War.
    Ended on May 12, 1949
  • Space Race

    Space Race
    The Space Race began as an arms race between the respective militaries of the United States and the Soviet Union. Korolev began a Space Race. The competition began on 2 August 1955, when the Soviet Union responded to the US announcement of their similar intent to launch artificial satellites. Americans and Soviets competed to prove their technological by becoming the first nation in a space.
    Ended on July 17, 1975
  • U-2 Incident

    U-2 Incident
    It's an American U-2 spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers was shot down over Soviet air space. The U-2 incident was a confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. Flown by American pilot Francis Gary Powers, the aircraft had taken off from Peshawar, Pakistan, and crashed near Sverdlovsk (present-day Yekaterinburg), after being hit by a surface-to-air missile. The spy plane had been shot down by one of a salvo of 14 Soviet SA-2 missiles.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs invasion was an abortive invasion of Cuba in April 1961 by some 1,500 Cuban exiles opposed to Fidel Castro. The original invasion plan called for two air strikes against Cuban air bases. The ultimate goal was the overthrow of Castro and the establishment of a non-communist government friendly to the United States.
    Ended: April 20, 1961
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was built by the German Democratic Republic during the Cold War. The original wall, built of barbed wire and cinder blocks, was subsequently replaced by a series of concrete walls The Wall was designed to prevent people from escaping to the West from East Berlin. The Berlin Wall fell on 9 November 1989.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. In 1962 the Soviet Union began to secretly install missiles in Cuba to launch attacks on U.S. cities.
    Ended on October 29, 1962
  • Non-Proliferation Treaty

    Non-Proliferation Treaty
    The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty was an agreement signed in 1968 by several of the major nuclear and non-nuclear powers that pledged their cooperation in stemming the spread of nuclear technology. The NPT process was launched by Frank Aiken. Non-nuclear-weapon States parties have committed themselves not to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
    Ended on 11 May 1995
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    Perestroika - changing economic policies to allow more competition and incentives to produce Goods. Changing the Gov. Controlled economy that had existed since Stalin. Glasnost - openness in Government, Gorbachev thought people should be allowed within reason to say what they believe in with more open debate. Gorbachev made two proposals: the first for "perestroika," a complete restructuring of the economy, and the second for "glasnost," or openness.
    Ended in 1991