Cold War

  • Red scare

    Red scare
    The Red Scare was the fear of communist infiltration of American society and government. In 1950, Senator McCarthy called for an investigation of the CIA and other government agencies, along with allegations that Communists had infiltrated high-level positions. After 1952, he was elected as the head of the commission to investigate the activities of state institutions, fired civil servants, made various accusations against people, and sentenced some people to prison.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman  Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine is foreign policy of U.S. President Harry S. Truman established The Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine foreign police's purpose is to support democratic nations for military and economic assistance which prevent expansion of Soviet Unions. If the Greek Communist Party, supported by the USSR, won the civil war, the security of America and Turkey would be at risk, and Congress provided $400,000,000 in aid to the Greek and Turkish governments.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    The Marshall Plan was the Economic Recovery Act signed by President Truman, known as George Marshall's Security. Through the Marshall Plan, the United States began to provide economic aid to Europe.The United States allocated 13.3 billion dollars to reduce the vulnerability of Western European countries to the territorial expansion of the U.S.S.R. This, in turn, shaped the market for US goods and created reliable trading partners.
    (April 1948–December 1951)
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Berlin Airlift was the Berlin crisis, which was caused by whether Allied-controlled West Berlin should join East Berlin or remain as such. Soviet Army blocking rail, road, and water access to West Berlin, the Allies began shipping food and fuel to Berlin from air bases in West Germany. The America, United Kingdom, and France planned to form a new Germany to unite the territories they had conquered and build a wall against communism. This aggravated situation.
    (Jun 24, 1948 – May 12, 1949)
  • Space race

    Space race
    The Space Race is a struggle between the USSR and the United States for dominance in space technology. The space race began when the Soviet Union acted on the United States' announcement of a satellite launch. The Soviet Union was the first country to land animals, men, women, astronauts, satellites, and remote-controlled robots on the moon. In 1958, the United States decided to establish a private agency called NASA, and became the first country to land on the moon.
    (Aug 2, 1955 – Jul 17, 1975)
  • U-2 Incident

    U-2 Incident
    The U-2 crash is the crash of a U-2 spy plane flown by U.S. to spy on Soviet nuclear facilities. The U-2 was detected by Soviet radar and shot down by air missiles. After the U-2 crash, the situation in Germany and the possibility of a ban on arms control and testing led to the cancellation of the US-Soviet Paris summit. Because the USSR did not support President Eisenhower's program of monitoring nuclear facilities and launch sites, U.S. began launching spy planes.
    (May 5, 1960 - May 17, 1960)
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
    The Bay of Pigs invasion was an invasion by the U.S. to overthrow the Castro regime in Cuba. A left-wing revolution broke out in Cuba, ousting Prime Minister Fulgencio Batista and electing Fidel Castro as Prime Minister. Cuba, which had relations with the Soviet Union, was very close to the U.S.. This worried the U.S., and seizure of U.S. economic assets in Cuba. The CIA plan was defeated by the Cuban armed forces within two days.
    (April 17, 1961 – April 20, 1961)
  • Berlin Wall

    Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall is a wall that surrounds West Germany and separates it from East Germany. As a result of the East German decision, the wall was built of earthen blocks with barbed wire, and later became a 5-meter-high wall covered with watchtowers, mines, and gun emplacements. Between 1949 and 1961, 2.5 million people fled from East Germany to West Germany, and an increase in intellectuals and skilled workers threatened East Germany's economic potential.
    (August 13, 1961-November 9, 1989)
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban missile crisis came moments very close to a nuclear conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev decided to place a nuclear missile in Cuba, and the U.S. strongly opposed it. The United States was preparing for a tactical war after Kennedy's letter to Khrushchev warning him to dismantle the missile base, and after several letters from Khrushchev, the parties reached an agreement, ending the Cuban Missile Crisis.
    (Oct 16, 1962 – Oct 29, 1962)
  • Non-Proliferation Treaty

    Non-Proliferation Treaty
    NPT is an agreement to stop the spread of nuclear weapons. Of the 191 countries that signed the treaty, 5 countries with nuclear weapons signed the treaty: the U.S., the USSR, China, France, and the UK. The treaty prohibits the transfer, development or receipt of nuclear weapons and technology. It was believed that the fact that many countries are beginning to acquire nuclear weapons will make it difficult to control them.
    (March 5, 1970-Indefinitely until today)
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    Perestroika was a political reform movement of the Communist Party of the USSR in the late 1980s. Glasnost was the policy of the USSR as a democracy. After becoming head of the Communist Party in 1985, Gorbachev transferred the president's executive branch to the executive branch in 1989 to improve the failing Soviet economy, declaring that the Soviet Union was no longer a threat by changing its constitution and foreign policy. This policy ended with the collapse of the USSR in 1991.