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Evolution of the World after the WWII

  • The greek Civil war

    A civil war broke between the supporters of the king, who was supported by US and Soviet-backed communist guerrilla army. It ended in 1948 with the victory of the monarchits, and remained a Western-Bloc country.
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    Initial phase

    After 1947 there was series of conflicts in which the superpowers intervened. They included the Greek Civil War, the Berlin Blockade and the building of the Berlin Wall, the Korean War and the Suez Crisis
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    The Cold War

    A period of permanent tension between the two superpowers that aimed to demostrate and increase its own power, while at the same time limiting or reducing the influence of the other. Wanted both superpowers wanted to avoid a direct military conflict, since this could lead to a nuclear war.
  • The Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Wall

    The Berlin Blockade and the Berlin Wall
    Germany was divided in two areas. West Germany, capitalism and East Germany communist.
    The wall became a symbol of the division between the blocs.
  • The Korean War

    The Korean War
    Began when North Korea, supported by China and USSR invaded South Korea, supported by US. The war ended in 1953, whit an armistice, the two countries were separate by a demilitarised zone.
    In the North was established a totalitarian communist regime and a capitalist republic in South Korea
  • Vietnam war (1954-1975)

    Vietnam war (1954-1975)
    After gaining independence from France, Vietnam was divided into two states: North Vietnam (communist) and South Vietnam (Western Bloc)
    The Vietcong guerilla from the north vietnam state, want to unify the country, but United State supported South Vietnam, despite US was unabled to defeat the Vietcong, finally American troops were whitdrew in 1969, in 1973 a peace settlement was signed, and in 1975 north vietnam took control of the south and became a communist country.
  • The Suez Crisis

  • Treaty of Rome

    The EEC was founded by this treaty, its main objective was to eliminate customs barriers between memeber states.
  • Foundation of the EEC

    It was an international organistaion which main objective was to eliminate customs barriers between member states.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Cuban Missile Crisis
    After the 1959 revolution of Fidel Castro to established an authoritarian communist regime, Castro established an alliance with the URSS, and allowed them to place nuclear weapons towards the United States. Negotation between Kennedy and Khrushchev avoid a nuclear conflict.
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    The easing of tensions

    In the 1960s tensions between the superpowers eased. This period was characterised by greater dialogue between them.
    Despite this, the conflict was unavoidable. Was the case in the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Vietnam war and in other conflicts in which the superpowers intervened, such as the arab-israeli Conflict.
  • Arab-Israeli Conflict

    The Un approved the division of palestine in two territories in 1947. This make angry Palestine that didn't declare the state hoods, which ended in the Six-Day Conflict, that Israel won, during the following decades, there were periods of increase and decrease but it remains unresolved today.
  • The 1973 oil crisis

    The 1973 oil crisis
    The Western capitalist countries and Japan suffered a serious economic crisis which led to inflation (price rises) This brought and end to the economic growth which had been occuring since 1950.
    The Arabic countries increased oil prices in a 400%, also implemented an embargo of crude oil to the Western countries that support Israel during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, when Syria and egypt attacked Israel to recover the territories lost during the Six-Days War.
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    The contemporary world

    From 1975 to the present day the worl has experienced mant changes, especially in economics and politics.
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    Dissolution of the USSR and the Eastern Bloc

    in the late 20th century, the Eastern Bloc experienced important changes that brought an end to the communist regimes and their centrally planned economies.
    In 1991 the USSR was dissolved, bringing an end to the bipolar system and the Cold War. This was the result of the reform introduced by Mikhail Gorbachev and the resurgence of nationalism in the USSR's constituient states.
  • The pull down of the Berlin Wall

    The pull down of the Berlin Wall
    As a result they were avle to cross freely from one side to the other. In 1990 East Germany was dissolved and Germany was reunified with Berlin as its capital.
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    The transition to democracy and capitalism in the Eastern Bloc

    In 1989 the Eastern Bloc collapsed. The communist regimes of Eastern Europe were overthrown by popular mobilisation and replaced by democarcies. Their centalled planned economies were replaced by capitalism and free-market economies.
    In 1991 the COMECON and the Warsaw pact were dissolved
  • Treaty of Maastricht

    Treaty of Maastricht
    This treaty established the european union, as well as the process of economic and monetary union.
    The European Union was originally founded as the EEC, an economic organisation based on the capitalist model. Today the EU has 27 members.
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    First chechen war

    Began when chechyna declared its independence. The goverement of the Russian federation sent armed force to there and take back control of its oil and natural gas.
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    Second Chechen War

    Began when occupied Chechnya as a reprisal for terrorist attacks in various Russian cities, which blame Chechnya. Despite the Russian occupation, Chechen resistance continued.
  • The invasion of Afghanistan

    Afghanistan was considered to be Al-Qaeda's base. NATO troops occupied the country with UN support, this meant that US had international support for its actions.
  • 11-S

    Dat when the Islamic terrorist organisation Al-Qaeda attacked the Pentagon and the world Trade Center (the twin towers) in New York.
    After that the president George Bush declared War on Terror.
  • The Iraq War

    The Iraq War
    Iraq was considered to be a country that collaborated in international terrorism. It was also belived to have weapons of mass destruction. Neither Nato or the Un support this war, but some individuals countries supported the United State, incluiding Great Britain, Spain and Portugal.
  • The 2008 Finacial crisis

    One of the main characteristics of capitalist countries is that they go through a cosntant cycle of economic growth and recession (economic crisis). thi is why having suffered the oil crisis in the 1970s, the capitalist countries faced another economic crisis in 2008, this time, a financial one.
    Was a international banking crisis becuase the low loans of the banks, that lend too much money, and whe interest rose anyone could afford the loans.
    Very negative social and economic consequences.
  • Arabic spring

    Riots in some arabic countries that put an end to all the authoritarian regimes that were established in each of the countries.
    In Siria it started a civil war, this still today and cause many emigrations.
  • Fukushima accident

    Fukushima accident
    It was a nuclear accident, that was produced after a earthquake of magnitud 9 that cause a tsunami in the northest coast of the country.
    One month after the accident, the Japan Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency raised the severity level of the incident to 7 on the International Nuclear Accident Scale for reactors 1, 2 and 3, the same level reached by the Chernobyl accident in 1986.
  • 2015 terrorist attack

    2015 terrorist attack
    In Paris, in which 130 dead
  • Brexit

    Great Britain get out of the UN. It started in 2016 when the majority said yes to get out of the UN, this process end in 2020
  • Pandemic: Coronavirus

    Pandemic: Coronavirus
    Virus that began in China in 2019 and became a pandemic in 2020, in March almost all countries maintained strict confinement at home, and forced to take measures that will change the lives and habits of everyone.
    Mass vaccination of the population began in 2021.