Ho Chi MinhA Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader. Prime minister and President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
He was the founder of Vietnamese communism. Ho Chi Minh led North Vietnam during the build up and for part of the Vietnam war.
KhrushchevWas born in1894
led the soviet union. Served as first secretary of the communist Party of the Soviet Union
Served soviet union 1953 to 1964
Was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union
caused increased tension between the US and the USSR through his participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Tet OffensiveThe Tet Offensive was a military campaign during the Vietnam War. The campaign had attacks that were launched against military and civilian control centers in South Vietnam. These attacks were surprises. The Tet Offensive was created after an agreement to cease fire
Peoples Republic of Chinaa sovereign state located in East Asia. It is the worlds most populated country, with a population over 1.35 billion.
Jan 1 1912
Sun Yat-sen of the Kuomintang was proclaimed president of the republic.
In the late 1920s, the nationalist Kuomintang, was able to reunify the country under its own control with a series
StalinStalin was one of the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the Russian Revolution of 1917. In 1922, Stalin was appointed General Secretary of the party's Central Committee.
Under Stalin's rule, the concept of “socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society.
Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement in Polanda polish politician, trade-union organizer, and human-rights activist. He co-founded Solidarity, which is the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union. Lech won the Nobel Peace Prize and served as President of Poland between 1990 and 1995.
Solidarity forced the roundtable talks that led to free elections in 1989, and the eventual fall of communism, not only in Poland, but in all the soviet bloc countries.
VietnamVietnam is the easternmost country of the Indochina Peninsula. After the Vietnam War, it was unified under a Communist government.
Vietnam's economic growth is among the highest in the world.
Iron Curtainsymbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas.
1945 to 1991
symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its dependent and central European allies off from open contact with the west and non-communist areas.
United NationsThe United Nations was founded to stop wars between countries. There are 193 member states in the UN.
The United Nations is the world's largest and most prominent international organization.
Truman DoctrineThe Truman Doctrine is an international relations policy by President Truman. It stated that the US would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid.
The Truman Doctrine led to Turkey and Greece joining NATO.
European Economic CooperationApril 1948
- Also called OEED, this organization was established to help administer the Marshall Plan and utilize economic programs. It focused on economic issues.
- Economic conditions were improved, strengthening European countries in many ways.
The Marshall PlanThe Marshall Plan is an American program to aid Europe. The US gave economic support to help rebuild the European economies after WWII.
The Marshall Plan was the US's way to prevent the spread of Communism.
Berlin AirliftThe Western Allies used cargo planes to airlift food and fuel to West Berliners who were being blockaded by Stalin.
- This blockade quickened the creation of West Germany as well as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
North Atlantic Treaty Organizationan intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic treaty which was signed on april 4, 1949.
NATO's headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium, one of the 28 member states across North American and Europe.
NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
Korean WarJune 25 1950 to July 27 1953
was a war between South Korea and North Korea
Was the result of the political division of Korea.
One of the significant results of the Korean War was that it gave the US reason to increase military expenditure.
Explosion of the First Hydrogen BombThe explosion of the first hydrogen bomb was a test by the United States, and it took place at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands.
- The US was the first to test it, slightly before Russia. Many other countries followed suit within the next couple decades.
KGB (Committee for state security)1954 to 1991 (cant find specific date)
the main security agency for the Soviet Union
Was considered a military service and was governed by army laws and regulations
The organizations that adopted the duties of the KGB in 1991 delegated their powers and responsibilities into The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation in 1995. This organization is still in action today.
- The Geneva Accords were made to secure peace in Vietnam. They also hoped to help Vietname reach independence, but failed. -For the most part, these were ineffective were powerless however it did manage to get French Union troops to evacuate from Vietnam.
Warsaw PactThe Warsaw Pact is a mutual defense treaty between 8 communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. The Warsaw Pact was a military reaction to the integration of West Germany into NATO.
Suez Canal / NasserThe Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt. It connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea. After 10 years of construction, the Suez Canal allows transportation by water between Europe and Asia. Navigation around Africa was no longer needed.
SputnikThe Soviet Union launched Sputnik into an elliptical low Earth orbit on October 4, 1957. It provided scientists with valuable information about the density of the upper atmosphere.
Sputnik was the first artificial Earth satellite.
Berlin Wall is erectedThis wall was built between East and West Germany by the German Democratic Republic. It was built to prevent Germans from the East from fleeing to the West.
- The Berlin Wall symbolized the division of the world's opposing views and eventually led to the end of the Cold War as it was torn down.
Cuban Missile CrisisAfter the Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles to Cuba, President Kennedy imposed a naval blockade that prevented further Soviet shipments. After a few days, the Soviets agreed to remove the missiles.
- War was averted and potentially millions of American lives were saved.
BrezhnevThis man became the new Soviet leader after Khrushchev and held power for 22 years. Under him, critics faced arrest and imprisonment.
- He promoted dtente with the U.S. and developed the Brezhnev Doctrine.
Russian Invasion of Afghanistan – December 24, 1979Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev marched into the Afghanistan capitol, Kabul. Three days later the Soviet Union shot Amin and he was replaced by Babrak Kabul. The Afghan weapons were unreliable and outdated, but they had knowledge of the terrain.
This war lasted over 9 years and had an unsatisfactory conclusion.
Moscow Olympicsan international multi-sport event celebrated in Moscow in the Soviet Union
the 1980 games were the first to be staged in Eastern Europe
Led by the United states, 65 countries boycotted the games becuase of the soviet war in afghanistan.
Eighty nations participated which was the smallest number since 1956
Los Angeles OlympicsThe soviets, in retaliation for the United states boycott of the 1980 Olympic Games, boycotted the 1984 Olympics. Along with East Germany, Cuba, and 14 other countries.
China participated in the games for the first time since 1932.
cooporate sponsors for the games in 1984 was made for the first time
Perestroika and GlasnostPerestroika and Glasnost were Gorbachev’s “watchwords” for the renovation of the Soviet body. These words were also occasionally used by Stalin and his successors. Perestroika is the “restructuring” of the Soviet political and economic system. Glasnost is the policy reform meaning “openness”
Perestroika and Glasnost were used in political movements for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- Huge amounts of radioactive particles were released after an explosion at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine.
- The affects and horrors of radioactive particles were taken note of.
Tiananmen SquareTiananmen Square is a large city square in Beijing, China. It is the sight of a pro-democracy movement. Tiananmen Square is the third largest city square in the world.
Berlin Wall is torn DownThe Berlin Wall was up for about 30 years. In 1989, Soviet Communism declined making it hard for East German communist leaders to maintain control. They reopened their western borders and reunited in 1990.
- This was a major turning point in the struggle between the Western European nations and the Eastern bloc countries. It marked the end of the Cold War.
YeltsinYeltsin was a Russian politician, chairman of the Russian Supreme Soviet, and follower of Gorbachev.
Yeltsin was the first President of the Russian Federation
End of the USSRMikhail Gorbachev resigned after his reforms brought economic turmoil. Shortages grew worse and prices soared. Factories closed and unemployment rates soared. After Gorbachev resigned, the remaining Soviet Republics seperated.
- This marked the end of the Cold War.
PutinPutin is the current President of Russia. He was previously Prime Minister of Russia and the Chairman of United Russia. Putin has high approval ratings but his actions have been characterized by the domestic opposition as undemocratic.
Putin is a Russian politician who is currently the President of Russia
Iran Hostage CrisisNovember 4, 1979
a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United Staes. Fifty two americans were held hostage for 444 days after a group of Islamist students and militants supporting the Iranian Revolution took over the american embassy in Tehra.
Was seen as a blow to the United States