Tiger tank 23

Cold War

  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The timing of the Great Depression varied across nations, but in most countries. It was the longest, most widespread, and deepest depression of the 20th century, the Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how far the world's economy can decline
  • The United Nations is Created

    Delegates from 50 countries, including Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States and Canada, met in San Francisco to create the United Nations.
  • U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan

    On August 6, 1945, the United States used a massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians.
  • V-J Day

    On Victory over Japan Day, Japan surrenders after two atomic bombs. Peace is declared and Canadian soldiers can now return home.
  • Truman Plan

    Truman  Plan
    The Marshall plan that was made to help stabilize Europe's economy, and he also established the Truman Doctrine that stated that the US would support Greece and Turkey when the Soviets were trying to expand their power.
  • Containment

    Containment
    was a United States policy to prevent the spread of communism abroad
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
  • apartheid

    the status of being apart was a system of racial segregation enforced through legislation by the National Party governments, who were the ruling party from 1948 to 1994.
  • Marshall's Plan

    Marshall's Plan
    was the American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.[
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control.
  • NATO

    also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty which was signed on 4 April 1949. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party
  • MAO

    Mao Zedong, a rabid communist, took control of China and set up the Peoples Republic of China with himself as Chairman in which Mao ended up killing over 20 million people before dying in 1976.
  • Communists take control of China

    The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, took over the government of China. Canada would eventually recognize the communist government, while the United States does not. Because the United States doesn't recognize the new Chinese government, they pushed the United Nations into giving the former Chinese government in Taiwan a seat on the United Nations Security Council.
  • Domino theory

    Domino theory
    was a foreign policy theory during the 1950s to 1980s, promoted at times by the government of the United States, that speculated that if one land in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.
  • Koean War

    conflict between Communist and non-Communist forces in Korea.
  • Korean War Ends

    Finally, an armistice is signed on July 27th in which the North and South Koreans are at a cease-fire but the war is not over. Peace talks had been continuing for days before but allegded attemps against the Chinese and North Koreans voided these talks for a few days. eventually though, an armistice was signed and prisoners of war were released.
  • Vietnam Split at 17th Parallel

    At the Geneva Confrence, the outcome is decided that Vietnam will be divided at the 17th parallel in which the North will be occupied by the Communists and the autocratic regime in the south based off of democarcy in the South.
  • The Warsaw Pact is created.

    In response to NATO, the Soviet Union and its satellite states develop a defensive alliance called the Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact makes the Cold War more dangerous to Canadians who are, geographically, in the middle of the countries at war.
  • Pearson Defuses the Suez Crisis

    Egypt seized the Suez Canal from France and Britain, who used the canal as a vital trade route. As a result, Britain and France joined Israel to attack Egypt, while the Soviet Union sided with Egypt. Lester Pearson, Canada's Minister of External Affairs, went to the United Nations with a plan to keep the combatants apart.
  • Hungarian Revolution

    was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the People's Republic of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies, lasting from 23 October until 10 November 1956.
  • Vietnam War

    The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States, attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
  • OPEC

    the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries.
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    was an unsuccessful military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961. . A counter-revolutionary military trained and funded by the United States government's CIA.
  • Ayatollah Khomeini

    In 1962 he became politically active and openly protested against the torturing and imprisonment of the people by the Shah of Iran, whose regime was seen to be safeguarding the interests of the US.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis

    In October, 1962, the Soviet Union brings nuclear weapons into communist Cuba. In response, the Unites States set up a naval blockade around Cuba, to keep Soviet ships out of Cuba. The Soviet Union sends a letter to American President Kennedy saying that the Soviets promise to remove their nuclear weapon from Cuba, if the Americans promised not to invade Cuba. This crisis was scary for Canadians because Soviet ships would sail past Canada with their nuclear weapons on their way to Cuba.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    The Soviets bring nuclear weapons to Cuba under Fidel Castro. The US was to setup a negotiation with Cuba to not set off the nuclear bomb, if they didnt invade Cuba. Nuclear weapons were passing by Canada during that time and it scared Canada.
  • Gulf of Tonkin incident

    Start of Vietnam war, The Tonkin incident was the USS Maddox was performing signal intelligence partol and engaged three North Vietnamese Navy torpedo boats. A sea battle resulted, which started the Vietnam war.
  • U.S. sends troops to the Dominican Republic.

    More than 22,000 U.S. troops, supported by forces provided by some of the member states of the Organization of American States landed in the Dominican Republic. Over the next few weeks they brought an end to the fighting and helped install a conservative, non-military government.
  • Tet Offensive

    was a military campaign during the Vietnam War that was launched on January 30, 1968 by forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies.
  • US lands first man on the moon

    The United States's Apollo 11 was the first manned mission to land on the Moon.
  • water gates

    was a political scandal that occurred in the United States in the 1970s as a result of the June 17, 1972, break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement.
  • Saigon Fells

    This event normally marks the end of the Vietnam War as through the Fall of Saigon, the South Vietnam government was overtaken and overthrow so really there is no South Vietnam anymore. The country was succesful united under one government now.
  • Iran hostage crisis

    Was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days after a group of Islamist students and militants supporting the Iranian Revolution took over the American Embassy in Tehran
  • Soviets invade Afghanistan

    In 1979, the Soviets put 350 missiles in Eastern Europe in preparation to in vade Afghanistan. Within months the Soviets fully invaded Afghanistan, and installed a new leader, Babrak Karmal. The Soviets would remain in Afghanistan for nine years.
  • Perrestroika & Glasshost

    "Government, Politics & Diplomacy" the policy of reconstructing the economy, etc., of the former Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachov.
  • Fall of Communism

    The fall of the Soviet Union was caused by the newly elected Mikhail Gorbachev changing theSoviet Union dramatically through revolution causin the military o overhrow with a coup. His changes ended up being remembered as they never returned to full communism again.
  • Iran-Contra Scandal

    This scandal was when a person in the Reagan administration funneled money gotten from rading arms to Iran for money used to support the communists in Nicargua. The scandal was leaked to the public and Reagen was charged for it.
  • China puts down revolts

    In Tiananmen Square, the Chinese government brought in the tanks and guns killing hundreds of protestors calling for change and democracy in the heavily communist and controlled China that had been expanding its outreach in the world technologically.
  • Berlin Wall falls

    East German official Gunter Schabowski stated that thravel through the border to West Germany was open. This brought celebration to the Berlin wall because people felt more free.
  • Japan Surrenders * End of WW2

    Japan surremded on August 14, 1945. This brought the hostilities of World War II to an end.