Guerra fria

Cold war

  • Poland Gains Independence

    Poland Gains Independence
    Poland, as a result of World War II,became an ethnically homogeneous nation state without prominent minorities due to destruction of indigenous Polish-Jewish population in the Holocaust, the flight and expulsion of Germans in the west, resettlement of Ukrainians in the east, and the repatriation of Poles from Kresy.
  • Soviet Union Creates Iron Curtain

    Soviet Union Creates Iron Curtain
    It symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II until the end of the Cold War. The term symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its dependent and central European allies off from open contact with the west and non-communist areas.
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter.
  • Chinese Civil War

    Chinese Civil War
    Fought between forces loyal to the government of the Republic of China led by the Kuomintang and forces of the Communist Party of China.The war began amidst the Northern Expedition,and essentially ended when major active battles ceased in 1950. The conflict eventually resulted in two de facto states, the Republic of China in Taiwan and the People's Republic of China in mainland China, both claiming to be the legitimate government of China.
  • Trumans Marshal Plan

    Trumans Marshal Plan
    The Marshall Plan was the American program to aid Europe, in which the United States gave economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II in order to prevent the spread of Soviet Communism.
  • Berlin Blockade

    Berlin Blockade
    The Berlin blockade was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    At the end of WWII, a defeated Germany was divided amongst the victors, the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France. The Soviet Union took control of the Eastern half of Germany, the Western half was divided amongst the US, Great Britain, and France. Like the rest of the country, the capital city of Berlin, sitting dead in the middle of the Soviet-controlled Eastern half, was also divided into four part.
  • NATO

    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic Treaty. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.
  • Soviets Develop Nuclear Capabilities

    Soviets Develop Nuclear Capabilities
    The Soviet project to develop an atomic bomb was a clandestine research and development program begun during and post-World War II, in the wake of the Soviet Union's discovery of the American, British, and Canadian nuclear project.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    It was a war between the Republic of Korea , supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, at one time supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union. It was primarily the result of the political division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.
  • WarSaw Pact

    WarSaw Pact
    The Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance , was a mutual defense treaty between eight communist states of Central and Eastern Europe in existence during the Cold War.
  • Vietnam War

    Vietnam War
    The Vietnam War was the longest military battle in the history of the United States. The Vietnam War is also referred to as the Second Indochina War, due to the involvement of all three countries previously constituting the French territory of Indochina.
  • Poznań June

    Poznań June
    The Poznań June, were the first of several massive protests of the Polish people against the communist dictatorial government of the People's Republic of Poland. Demonstrations by workers demanding better conditions began on June 28, 1956, at Poznań's Cegielski Factories and were met with violent repression.
  • Revolts in Hungary

    Revolts in Hungary
    The Hungarian Revolution was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the government of the People's Republic of Hungary and its Soviet-imposed policies. It was the first major threat to Soviet control since the USSR's forces drove out the Nazis at the end of World War II and occupied Eastern Europe. Despite the failure of the uprising, it was highly influential, and came to play a role in the downfall of the Soviet Union.
  • Bay of Pigs is Invaded

    Bay of Pigs is Invaded
    The Bay of Pigs Invasion, was an unsuccessful military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the paramilitary group Brigade 2506. A counter-revolutionary military trained and funded by the United States government's Central Intelligence Agency, Brigade 2506 fronted the armed wing of the Democratic Revolutionary Front and intended to overthrow the revolutionary leftist government of Fidel Castro.
  • Berlin Wall Raised

    Berlin Wall Raised
    The Berlin Wall was a barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic that completely cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany and from East Berlin.The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area that contained anti-vehicle trenches and other defenses.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba on one side, and the United States on the other. It was one of the major confrontations of the Cold War, and is generally regarded as the moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear conflict.
  • Prague Spring

    Prague Spring
    The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia during the era of its domination by the Soviet Union after World War II. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected the First Secretary of Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and all members of the Warsaw Pact, with the notable exception of Romania, invaded the country to halt the reforms.
  • Brezhnev Doctrine

    Brezhnev Doctrine
    The Brezhnev Doctrine was a Soviet Union foreign policy, first and most clearly outlined by S. Kovalev in a September 26, 1968 Pravda article, entitled "Sovereignty and the International Obligations of Socialist Countries."
  • North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam

    North Vietnam defeats South Vietnam
  • Soviet invasion of Afghanistan

    Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
    It was fought between Soviet-led Afghan forces against multi-national insurgent groups called the Mujahideen. The insurgents received military training in neighboring Pakistan and China, as well as billions of dollars from the United States, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, and other countries.The decade-long war resulted in millions of Afghans fleeing their country, mostly to Pakistan and Iran.Hundreds of thousands of Afghan civilians were killed addition to the participants.
  • Lithuania becomes independent

    Lithuania becomes independent
  • Fall of Berlin Wall

    Fall of Berlin Wall
    The wall stretched along 45 miles that divided the city of Berlin in two and 115 kilometers separating the western part of the city of the territory of the GDR. It was one of the best known symbols of the Cold War and the separation of Alemania. Many people died in the attempt to overcome the harsh supervision of GDR border guards on their way to the western sector.