Cold War

  • Nato

    talin’s Communist party fought for control of the Eastern European colonies they had acquired during WWII and supported the spread of Communism, while the Europeans and the US fought for self-government and the spread of Democracy. In order to strengthen their defense, the US, Canada, and ten other European countries formed NATO, (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
  • Soviet succeeds in making a Atomic bomb

    The US building of the A-bomb gave the Soviets incentive to research nuclear weaponry and they succeeded
  • Tibet is conquered

    Communists conquer Tibet
  • Kim II Sung calls to reunite Korea

    Kim II Sung called for a Heroic Struggle to reunite Korea.
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    Revolts had erupted in Poland, Hungary and, Czechoslovakia against Soviet Russia
  • United Nation troops land on the beaches around Inch'on

    Troops from the United Nations landed on the beaches around the port of Inch’on , behind enemy lines. These U.S led troops quickly captured Korea’s North-south rail lines and cut of North Korean from their supply of food and ammunition.
  • Armistice

    Both sides signed an armistice to end the fighting.
  • Warsaw Pact

    a pact between the Soviet Union and seven other Soviet-ruled satellites in Eastern Europe. The Warsaw Pact, however, was more often utilized to stop revolt inside of the Soviet satellites. The formation of these alliances defined the two sides of the war.
  • Hungary tries to break free

    Hungarians tried to break free of Soviet control. Krushchev sent tanks in to enforce obedience.
  • Soviet Union launches first sateliet

    The government poured resources into science an technology, launching the first satellite called Sputnik
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    Mao led the program the Great Leap Forward

    Mao led a program called the GREAT LEAP FORWARD. He urged people to make a super human effort to increase farm and industrial output.
  • Dalai Lama Flees Tibet

    The Dalai Lama of Tibet was forced to flee the country
  • Cuba's threat

    Castro and his rebellion had gained victory and began reforming Cuba. Castro imposed restrictions on freedoms of speech and took most land under government control, enforcing a communist regime. He also sought the assistance of the Soviet Union. This upset the US, causing John Kennedy to support the Bay of Pigs Invasion and enforce a trade embargo when the invasion failed.
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    Chinese were thought to have starved

    55 million Chinese were thought to have starved to death.
  • economic leap forward

    Koreas economy had leapt ahead.
  • Berlin wall

    he Soviets built a large, heavily guarded, cement wall. The Berlin Wall became a staple for the Cold War, and proved that Communism was much more a tyranny than it was fair treatment.
  • US blockades

    he USSR sent nuclear missiles to Cuba, severely threatening the US with mass destruction and the world with nuclear war. In response, the US blockaded Cuba to prevent further importation of Nuclear weapons, and demanded the deportation of all nuclear arms from Cuba. The Soviets withdrew when Premier Nikita Khrushchev was convinced of Soviet inferiority in potential nuclear war with the US.
  • South Vietnam attacks North Vietnam

    South Vietnamese commandos conducted raids on North Vietnamese islands in the Gulf of Tonkin. The following day, the North Vietnamese attacked a nearby U.S. Navy destroyer, the Maddox, Which they mistakenly believed had assisted the South Vietnamese raids.
  • Congress passes Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, the resolution authorized the president to take all necessary measures to prevent further aggression in Southeast Asia.
  • Mao launched the great poletarian Culture Revolution

    Mao launched the great proletarian Cultural Revolution. The goal of this was to purge China of “Bourgeois” tendencies.
  • North Vietnam guerilla forces attack American and South Vietnam

    guerrilla forces came out of the jungles and attacked American and South Vietnamese forces in cities all across the south, the assault took place during Tet, the Vietnamese New Year which made it unexpected.
  • did the same thing to Czechs

    Leonid Brezhnev (Krushchev’s successor) did the same thing when Czechs challenged the Soviets in the “Prague spring”.
  • discuss the limitation on Nuclear arms

    This started an “arms race” in which the US and the USSR each were fighting to obtain the greatest nuclear power. This created many newer, bigger nuclear weapons, including the hydrogen bomb, and a growing fear of nuclear warfare. Each side knew that nuclear war would desolate both nations. Because of this the US and USSR began discussing limitations on nuclear arms.
  • Hungary expeands its market

    Hungary expanded its market economy.
  • agreement help releave tension

    the US and USSR signed agreements limiting the use of nuclear arms. These agreements lead to a time of relieved tensions or a détente during most of the 1970’s. Tensions reappeared when the soviets attacked Afghanistan in 1979.
  • President Nixon negotiated Paris Peace Accord

    President Nixon finally negotiated the Paris Peace Accord. This agreement established a cease-fire or a halt in the fight. The U.S. agreed to withdraw its troops and North Vietnam agreed to stop sending troops into the South.
  • Soviet Union becomes involved in Afghanistan

    became involved in a long war in Afghanistan, an Islamic country just south of the Soviet Union.
  • America smuggles weapons to Muslim warriors

    American government started to smuggle modern weaponry to the Muslim religious warriors.
  • tension reappeares

    he US and USSR signed agreements limiting the use of nuclear arms. These agreements lead to a time of relieved tensions or a détente during most of the 1970’s. Tensions reappeared when the soviets attacked Afghanistan in 1979.
  • U.S.S.R involved in Afghanistan war

    The Soviet Union became involved in the war in Afghanistan
  • Want Change

    demands for change mounted once again.
  • Hungary criticizes communists

    Hungarians began to criticize the communist government more openly
  • Strikes for shipyard workers

    economic hardships ignited strikes by shipyard workers. They organized solidarity (an independent labor union. It won millions of members and demanded political and economic change.
  • American gov. smuggle weapons to mujaedin

    The American government bega to smuggle modern weaponry to the mujaedin.
  • New leader of Soviet Union

    A new leader Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in te soviet union. He was eager to bring about reforms. The changes he had made soon spiraled out of control.
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    More Freedom

    under public pressure, the communist government allowed greater freedoms. New political parties were allowed to form, and the western border with Austria was opened.
  • Fleeing East Germany

    thousands of East Germans fled through Hungary and Austria to West Germany. Thousands more held demonstrations across East Germany demanding change.
  • Democracy movement

    a powerful democracy movement was sweeping throughout the region. Everywhere, people took to the streets, demanding reform. One by one, communist governments fell.
  • eastern countries break free of Soviet Russia

    Eastern European countries from Poland to Bulgaria broke out of the soviet orbit.
  • Regain full independence from Soviet union

    The Baltic States-Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia-which the soviet union had seized in 1940, regained full indipendance in 1991.
  • New Goverment

    Lech Walesa was elected President of Poland. The new government began a difficult, but peaceful, translation from a command economy to a market economy. A flowering of opposition and reform movements spread across the Eastern European countries.
  • Freedom from communists

    They dissolved the Warsaw Pact and requested that Russian troops leave. By then, the Soviet Union itself had crumbled.
  • 12 New Nations

    The remaining soviet republics separated to form 12 independant nations, in addition to the Baltic States.