Cold war

Cold War

  • Ho CHi Minh

    Ho CHi Minh
    Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. 1890-1969 HS: Established the communist ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945
  • KGB

    Mian security agency for the Soviet Union HS: Keeping Soviets safe by every mean
  • Stalin

    1920s-1953. De Facto leader of the Soviet Union. Served as the Premier of the Soviet Union. HS: Under his rule, concept of "Socialism in one country" became a central tenet of Soviet society
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    Line between the democratic West and the Communist East. HS: Line between the Democratic West and the COmmunist East
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    Internation Organization established after World War II with the goal of maintaining peace and cooperation in the international community. HS: Provides economic development, deisease prevention, and refugee protection
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Massive aid package offered by the U.S. to Europe to help countries rebuild after WWII. HS: After the funding ended, the economy of every participant state surpassed pre-war levels
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    Rooted in the idea of containment, limiting communism to the areas already under Soviet control HS: guided United States for decades
  • European Economic Cooperation

    European Economic Cooperation
    It is an international economic organization that was developed to create a economic progress and fix the over all ideas for the Marshall Plan. It was made to increase trade and the reconstruction of Europe after the effects of WWII. HS: Changed face of Europe and helped countries become economic giants
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Western powers mounted a round the clock Airlift for more than a year. cargo planes supplied West Berliners with food and fuel. HS: Soviets had to end Blockade
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    United States, Canada, and ten other countries formed a new military alliance. Members pledged to help each other if any were attacked. HS: collective self-defense in accordance with Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. Still around today
  • People's Republic of China

    People's Republic of China
    Mao Zedong founded it. Single party state governed by the communist part HS: It now the world's second largest country by land area.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    June 15, 1950-1953. A war between the Republic of KKorea (South), supported by the United Nations, and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North), at one time supported by the Poeple's Republoc of China and the Soviet Union. Result of a division by victorious allies in WWII. HS: first military action of Cold War
  • Explosion of the First Hydrogen Bomb

    Explosion of the First Hydrogen Bomb
    Exploded the bomb on Eniwertok Atoll in the Pacific. It was 1,000 times more powerful than any other weapon. HS: Gave us short lived lead in arms race
  • Krushchev

    1953-1964. Led the Soviet Unioni during part of the Cold War. He served as Firsrt security of the Commnist party of the SOviet Union, and as chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958-1964. HS: Best remembered for his dramatic, often times boorish gestures and "harebrained schemes" designed to atla in maximum propaganda effect, his enthusiastic belief that communism would triumph over capitalism, and the fact that the only Soviet leader ever to be removed peacefully from offi
  • Vietnam

    Struggle for Vietnam became part of the Cold War divided into noncommunist South Korea and communist North Korea HS: By 2000 it had established diplomatic relations with most nations
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    Mutual defense alliance between the Soviet Union and seven satellites in Eastern Europe set up in 1955 HS: Set up a unified military command
  • Suez Canal/Nasser

    Suez Canal/Nasser
    Suez Canal links the Mediterranean with the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. Nasser nationalized Suez Canal. HS: Ended British and French control.
  • Sputnik

    Government poured resources into science and technology and launched Sputnik I HS: First artificial satellite
  • Brezhnev

    Kruschev's successsor. A politician who had emerged at national level during the Cold War and led the UsSR as the Cold War devloped. He was a major influence from the mid 1960's-1982 HS: starting the economic stagnation which triggered the dissolution of the SU
  • Berlin Wall is Erected

    Berlin Wall is Erected
    Berlin Wall separated East and West Berlin. HS: It was called the Iron Curtain. Stood for 28 years as the most tangible symbol of the Cold War. Extended 28 miles through Berlin and 75 miles around West Berlin.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Soviet Union sent nuclear missiles to Cuba. President Kennedy imposed a naval blockade that prevented further Soviet shipments HS: moment in which the Cold War came closest to turning into a nuclear war. Still affects US's relationship with Cuba today
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Guerilla forces came out of the jungles and attacked American and South Vietnamese forces in cities all across the south. It was unexpected because it took place during the Tet, the Vietnamese New Year. HS: Marked a turning point in the Public Opinion in the United States
  • Helsinki Accords

    Helsinki Accords
    33 states signed the declaration in an attempt to improve relations between the Communist Bloc and the West HS: served as groundwork for organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • Iranian Hostage Crisis

    Iranian Hostage Crisis
    Lasted until January 21, 1981. A group of Iranian students stormed the U.S. embassy in Tehron, taking more than 60 American hostages. HS: Weighed heavily on U.S. President Jimmy Carter's presidency. In Iran, the crisis strengthened the prestige of the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini and the political power of those who supported thoecracy.
  • Russian Invasion of Afghanistan

    Russian Invasion of Afghanistan
    This war lasted 9 years as a part of the Cold War HS: resulted in millions of Afghans fleeing the country
  • Moscow Olympics

    Moscow Olympics
    Twenty-second Olympics. HS: Led by U.S., 65 countries boycotted and did not attendthe Olympics.
  • Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement in Poland

    Lech Walesa and the Solidarity Movement in Poland
    Lech was a Polish Politician, trade union organizer, and human rights activists. Solidarity is an independent labor union. HS: helped lead to the fall of Communism, not only in Poland, but in all the Soviet bloc countries.
  • Los Angeles Olympics

    Los Angeles Olympics
    July, 2 1984 - August 12, 1984. Twenty-third olympics. HS: USSR and related countries (eastern bloc) did not attend but created the Friendship games.
  • Gorbachev

    Came to power in Soviet Union. He signed arms control treaties with the US and pulled Soviet troops out of Afghanistan HS: His rule brought economic turmoil and led to the end of the USSR
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    Reforms led by Mikhail Gorbachev. Glasnost is openess and Perestroika is recoonstructing, the government in this instance. HS: reforms failed and helped end Soviet Union
  • Chernobyl

    Nuclear power plant. HS: considered worst nuclear power plant accident in history.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    agreements on the settlement of the situation relating the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan between Afghanistan and Pakistan. HS: put an end to a 9 year long Soviet occupation and Soviet War in Afghanistan
  • Tiananmen Square

    Tiananmen Square
    Huge public plaza at the center of China's capital, Beijing HS: Tiananmen Square Massacre. Thousands of demonstrators occupied the square and called for democracy. After a few days, government sent in troops and tanks and killed and wounded thousands
  • Berlin Wall is Torn Down

    Berlin Wall is Torn Down
    East German travel law came into force and thousands of East Berliners went to boarders crossings. At Bornholmer Strasse the boarder was opened there. HS: reunited Germany
  • End of USSR

    End of USSR
    The remaining Soviet Republics separated to form 12 independent nations. Lasted for 69 years HS: Marked end of Cold War
  • Yeltsin

    1991-1999. Russian politician who was first president of the Russian Federation HS: Introduced new constitution with stronger presidential power and it was approved by referndum on Decomber 12, 1993
  • Putin

    Elected President in Russia's second free election HS: Widelty credited for overseeing a return of political stability and economic progress to Russia, ending the crisis of the 1990s