Cold War

  • Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Stalin
    General and great leader of the Soviet Union. Under his rule Soviet's grew economically, industrially, and agriculturally, becoming a command market economy, made non-agression pact with Germany. Germany violated the pact and World War II started.
  • United Nations

    United Nations
    The biggest organization to work on a diplomatic strategy instead of war.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    Speech by Pres. Harry Truman that gave and explained ways of the containment theory to help contain Communism.
  • The Marshall Plan

    The Marshall Plan
    US program to help with rebuilding the European Economies and stop the spread of Communism.
  • European Economic Cooperation

    European Economic Cooperation
    An organization of European nations set up in 1948 to allocate postwar US aid and to stimulate trade and cooperation. Helped to make individual governments recognize the independence of their economies.
    HS: It was significant because this is when the United States came in and helped others out.
  • NATO

    Intergovernmental military alliance based on the North Atlantic treaty, defence sector, organization to help protect but also make better relations with former Cold War rivals.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    Berlin was split into two halfs post war. Soviets with East Berlin and Allies with West Berlin. The Soviets tried to cut off all of the traffic off to and from the city, however, Allied troops sent in daily aircrafts who would supply food and necessities to the people in the city.
  • People's Republic of China

    People's Republic of China
    New Republic formed after a near victory by the Communist Party of China.
  • Korean War

    Korean War
    North Korea and South Korea go to war resulting in the 38th parallel.
  • Explosion of the first hydrogen bomb

    Explosion of the first hydrogen bomb
    The US constructed the first Hydrogen bomb after using the atomic bomb, shortly followed by seven other nations in the next year making the arms race more and more intense.
  • Khrushchev

    Led of the Soviets throughout the Cold War, Destalinization, and supported the space program. Removed from office for erratic plans.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    USSR way of becoming an alliance with Nazi Germany. Eight countries signed.
  • Geneva Accords

    Geneva Accords
    Talk about the future of Indochina and foreign involvment. Talk of how fighting had to stop and start the of building up the new economy.
  • Suez Canal/ Nasser

    Suez Canal/ Nasser
    Egyptain General Naaser decided to nationalize the Suez Canal after building funds from the US and Britain were taken.
  • Sputnik

    First satillite launched into space that gathered valuable information. Triggered the space race for space supremicity.
  • Ho Chi Minh

    Ho Chi Minh
    Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam in 1941. Ho returned to Vietnam to lead the independence movement.
  • KGB

    Soviet Union. Considered a military service that's the same as Soviet Union army and governed by their army laws.
  • Rise of Berlin Wall

    Rise of Berlin Wall
    West Berlin and East Berlin split into communist and democratic. East Germany built the Berlin Wall, a massive concrete barrier topped with barbed wire and patrolled by guards.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    The US discovered photographs of Soviet missiles being constructed in Cuba. President Kennedy ordered military readiness to DEFCON 2. Khrushchev sent America two letters the first one said if the US promised not to invade Cuba they would take away their missiles, the second said for America to take their missiles down in Turkey in exchange for the missiles in Cuba. US agrees not to invade Cuba and the nuclear missiles are taken away.
  • Leonid Brezhnev

    Leonid Brezhnev
    While in office Russia grew globaly in their economy.
  • Tet Offensive

    Tet Offensive
    Military campaign by the forces of the Viet Cong and North Vietnam against South Vietnam, the United States, and their allies. North Vietnam is defeated.
  • Helsinki Accords

    Helsinki Accords
    Final act in the Conference on Sec. and Co-operation in Europe, Helsinki, and Finland.
  • Iran Hostage Crisis

    Iran Hostage Crisis
    52 Americans were held hostage in Iran for 444 days, Ended relations with Iran.
  • Russian Invasion of Afghanistan

    Russian Invasion of Afghanistan
    Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and insurgets who recieved training from neighboring states fought for nine years. Afghanistan recieved billions of dollars for help from many countries including the US.
  • Moscow Olympics

    Moscow Olympics
    First Olympics to be boycotted, reasoning for Soviet Union war in Afghanistan.
  • Los Angeles Olympics

    Los Angeles Olympics
    Played in LA because changes to Iranian political situations. Many countries did not play in games because of the American-led boycott due to the world conflicts.
  • End of the USSR

    End of the USSR
    The Soviet Union collapsed mainly because of economic issues. They lost the arms race, began to import goods to satisfy their needs, All 12 republics declared their independence formally in 1961 and became republics of the Soviet Union.
  • Chernobyl

    Soviet Union massive nuclear powerplant in Ukraine that exploded causing still ongoing effects such as deformities and other abnormaties. Known as the worst nuclear explosion ever.
  • Vietnam

    In 1986 went under social and political reforms home of the Vietnam War, and a critical place for US during their reform.
  • Perestroika and Glasnost

    Perestroika and Glasnost
    Perestroika and Glasnost refers to the Russian term of "reconstruction or reform" and that after the problems of the Soviet Union
  • Iron Curtain

    Iron Curtain
    Notional barrier that prevents the passage of information or ideas between political entities. The former Soviet bloc and the West before the decline of communism after the political events in eastern Europe in 1989.
  • Mikhail Gorbachev

    Mikhail Gorbachev
    General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Served until the dissolution in 1991. Only general of the Soviet Union to be born under Communist Rule. Became President of the Soviet Union, tried to get US to get both nuclear progression in half.
  • Tiananmen Square

    Tiananmen Square
    Center square in Bejing China and on June 4 Massacre, troops with assult rifles and tanks came in and killed thousands of unarmed civilians trying to block the military movement on Tiananmen Square in the heart of Bejing riots broke out after the death of former Communist Party General Secretary, Hu Yaobang, a liberal reformer.
  • Berlin Wall is torn down

    Berlin Wall is torn down
    After communism started to fall people began to flee to the West and get away with it, eventually the announcement to live where you please was made. The Berlin Wall began to chip away.
  • Lech Walesa

    Lech Walesa
    Human rights activist, President of Poland between 1990 and 1995. First non-communist party-controlled trade union in a Warsaw Pact country. Solidarity reached 9.5 million members.
  • Yeltsin

    Russian politician and the first President of the Russian Federation, serving from 1991 to 1999. He would turn Russia into a free market economy but didn't succeed. He resigned from office.
  • Putin

    President of Russia, set up many new reforms and still acts in office today.